Environmental Life Cycle Analysis: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental Life Cycle Analysis

1st Edition

By David F. Ciambrone

CRC Press

160 pages

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Hardback: 9781566702140
pub: 1997-08-11
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Description

The trend in industry and with the EPA is to prevent wastes before they are created instead of treating or disposing of them later. This book assists design/systems engineers and managers in designing or changing a product or set of processes in order to minimize the negative impact on the environment during its life cycle. It explains the overall concept of environmental life cycle analysis and breaks down each of the stages, providing a clear picture of the issues involved.

Chapters 1 and 2 provide an introduction and overview of the environmental life cycle analysis process. Chapter 3 establishes the basis and methodologies required for analysis through description of the basic framework, definition of boundaries, use of checklists, data gathering processes, construction of models, and interpretation of results. Templates and special cases that may be encountered and how to handle them are addressed in Chapter 4. Chapters 5 through 9 go into detail about modeling, issues, and data collection for each stage of the product life cycle. The final chapter provides a summary of the various steps and offers ideas on how to present data and reports.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Overview

Brief History

Assessment Methodology Overview

Examples of Applications

Life Cycle Framework

Scope

Defining Boundaries

Checklists and Their Application and Use

Data Gathering

Construction of a Conceptual Model

Turning Data into Useful Information

Interpretation of Results

Reporting the Results

General Issues

Templates

Data Issues

Special Considerations

Specific Life Cycle Stages

SPECIFIC LIFE CYCLE STAGES

Raw Materials and Energy Inventory

Data Gathering

Manufacturing, Formulation, and Processing

Manufacturing Outputs

Data Gathering

Assumptions

Distribution and Transportation

Use-Reuse-Maintenance

Primary Data Collection

Secondary Data Sources

Assumptions

Recycle-Waste Management

Donation/Sale and Recycle

Waste Management

Liquid Wastes

Solid Wastes

Airborne Waste

Summary

Degradation of Ecological Systems

Resource Depletion

Human Health and Welfare Issues

References

Glossary

Appendices

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science