1st Edition

Environmental Life Cycle Costing




ISBN 9781420054705
Published May 29, 2008 by CRC Press
232 Pages - 67 B/W Illustrations

USD $155.00

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Book Description

Balances Scientific and Economic Points of View to Thoroughly Address Management Issues

Responding to the need for clarification and benchmarks, Environmental Life Cycle Costing provides the fundamental basis on which to establish a definitive methodology. Clearly defining environmental LCC, this book balances scientific and economic points of view and thoroughly addresses the management perspective.

Demonstrates the Process From Problem Definition to Analysis, to Presentation

The book focuses on environmental LCC but also analyzes conventional LCC and societal LCC, providing case studies for each. It presents the link between life cycle costing and life cycle assessment and then explores public, private, and societal options. The book also explains all components of the method using the cross-cutting example of a washing machine. It also provides categorizations that permit the method to be adapted or streamlined as a function of the time available to the practitioner. Case study boxes demonstrate the process for carrying out an LCC, from problem definition to analysis and ultimate presentation to the decision maker.

Experts Integrate Conventional Thinking with Emerging Ideas

Environmental LCC summarizes all costs associated with the life cycle of a product regardless of who bears those costs. It includes present and future money flows as well as those to be internalized in the decision relevant future. A collaboration of experts at the forefront of research, this book ties conventional thinking on life cycle costs into emerging theory and practice by including environmental and social cost analyses and linking LCC to the environmental and social pillars of sustainability.

Table of Contents

A Dialog, over Coffee, about Life Cycle Costing
Executive Summary
Three Categories of Life Cycle Costing
System Boundaries in Environmental Life Cycle Costing
Example Calculations in Environmental Life Cycle Costing
History of Life Cycle Costing, Its Categorization, and Its Basic Framework, K. Lichtenvort, G. Rebitzer, G. Huppes, A. Ciroth, S. Seuring, W.P. Schmidt, E. Günther, H. Hoppe, T. Swarr, and D. Hunkeler
History and Development of Conventional LCC
Types of LCC
Two Key Limitations of LCC to Be Tackled by Environmental LCC
The Requirement and General Framework for Environmental Life Cycle Costing
Modelling for Life Cycle Costing, G. Huppes, A. Ciroth, K. Lichtenvort, G. Rebitzer, W.-P. Schmidt, and S. Seuring
Introduction
Cost Models
Cost Categories
Cost Bearers
Uncertainties and Inconsistencies in Cost Data
Cost Aggregation
Environmental LCC, G. Rebitzer and S. Nakamura
Objectives of Environmental LCC
System Boundaries and Scope
Calculating Life Cycle Costs based on the Process LCI of LCA
Environmental LCC in Relationto Conventional and Societal LCC
Calculating Life Cycle Costs Based on Hybrid LCA
Integrating External Effects into LCC, B. Steen, H. Hoppe, D. Hunkeler, K. Lichtenvort, W.-P. Schmidt, and E. Spindler
Introduction
Definition, Identification, and Categorization of Externalities
Monetization
Internalizing Externalities
LCC in Life Cycle Management, T. Swarr and D. Hunkeler
Corporate Perspective
Integrating LCC into Management
Continuous Product Improvement
A Survey of Current LCC Studies, A. Ciroth, K. Verghese, and C. Trescher
Intention
Relation of This Chapter to the Other Chapters
Parameters and Settings of LCC Studies in Practice
Sampling Procedure of Studies for the Survey
Summary of Results
Outlook: Toward an LCC Case Study Library
Analysis of the Survey’s Results
Conclusions and Questions
Life Cycle Costing Case Studies, A. Ciroth, C.-O. Gensch, E. Günther, H. Hoppe, D. Hunkeler, G. Huppes, K. Lichtenvort, K. Ludvig, B. Notarnicola, A. Pelzeter, M.Prox, G. Rebitzer, I. Rüdenauer, and K. Verghese
Introduction
Organic versus Conventional Extra-Virgin Olive Oil
Waste Water Treatment
Light Bulb: Comparison of Energy-Saving and Incandescent Lamps
Double-Deck Carriage Floor (BAHNKREIS Project)
Washing Machine
Hypothetical Case: A High-Capacity Glass Cable Network for Data Transmission
Passenger Car
Life Cycle Costs of Real Estate
Conclusions
Three Types of Life Cycle Costing
Temporal Aspects and Discounting of LCC Results
Learnings from Applied LCC Carried Out to Date
State of the Art and Rules of Thumb in Carrying Out Life Cycle Costing
Role of Environmental Life Cycle Costing in Sustainability Assessment, W. Klöpffer
Sustainability
Discussion
Appendices
Appendix to Case Study Boxes
Appendix to Chapter 4: Social Impacts
Appendix to Chapter 6: Survey Form
Glossary
References
Index

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