Environmental Management of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs): 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental Management of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

1st Edition

By Frank R. Spellman, Nancy E. Whiting

CRC Press

496 pages | 79 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849370984
pub: 2007-06-01
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Description

Clean and environmentally sound disposal of animal waste in the quantities that Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) produce can only be described as a challenge. Designed to provide practical information, Environmental Management of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) covers the concepts and practices involved in the operation and maintenance of CAFOs, paying particular attention to regulatory requirements and compliance and Best Available Technology (BAT) practices.

Presenting an overview of federal, state, and local regulations and discussing US Department of Agriculture's CNMP, the book includes information and data that can be used for planning and designing waste management systems and system components as well as for selecting waste handling equipment. The authors describe the various types of manure/wastewater storage and handling systems and, using data derived from the NRCS/USDA, focus on the costs involved in the operational needs of these systems. They describe soil agricultural waste interactions and those soil properties and characteristics that affect soil sustainability and limitations for a farmstead. They also discuss the pollutants associated with livestock and poultry operations, the pathways by which the pollutants reach surface water, and their impacts on the environment and human health.

Pulling information from a wide range of sources, the book's coverage moves from regulations to social and ethical issues, and on to specific technologies for a particular species. This comprehensive resource is tailored to the information needs of the practicing agronomist, rural community authorities, and other personnel involved in animal feeding operations.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Setting the Stage

Water Supply, Use, and Wastewater Treatment

Animal Feeding Operations and Animal Waste Treatment

"Get Big or Get Out "

CAFOs: Current Trend

Definitions of Key terms

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

CAFO REGULATIONS & CNMPS

Introduction

Federal Regulations: Clean Water Act

State Regulations

Local Regulations and the Public's Role

CNMPs

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

MANURE CHARACTERISTICS

Introduction

Livestock Waste Characterization Variables

Manure Characteristics

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

MANURE STORAGE

Introduction

Types of Manure Storage and Handling Systems

Manure Handling and Storage Costs

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

AFO/CAFO SITING: PHYSICAL FACTORS

Introduction

Role of Soils in Manure Management

Role of Plants in Animal Waste Management

Geologic and Groundwater Considerations (NRCS/USDA, 1999)

Siting Animal Waste Management Systems

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

ANIMAL WASTE POLLUTANTS

Introduction

Animal Waste Pollutants of Concern

Manure Pollutants: Surface Water Contamination

Potential Hazards From CAFO Pollutants

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

ANIMAL WASTE AND AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS

Introduction

Air Emissions From Feedlot Operations

Emissions From Land Application

Emissions From Virtual Farms

Emission Control Methods

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

BEEF CATTLE FEEDING OPERATIONS

Introduction

Size and Location of Industry

Beef Production Cycles

Feeding Practices

Manure Management Practices

Beef Virtual Farms

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

DAIRY OPERATIONS

Introduction

Size and Location of Industry

Production Cycles

Confinement Practices

Feeding Practices

Manure Management Practices

Dairy and Veal Virtual Farms

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

SWINE FEEDING OPERATIONS

Introduction

Size and Location of Swine Industry

Swine Production Cycles

Swine Confinement Practices

Swine Manure Management Practices

Swine Virtual Farms

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

POULTRY FEEDING OPERATIONS

Introduction

Broilers

Laying Hens

Turkeys

Poultry Virtual Model Farms

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References

CAFO COMPONENT DESIGN

Introduction (USDA, 1996)

Production

Collection

Storage

Treatment

Transfer

Utilization

Ancillary Components

Safety

Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Thought-Provoking Questions

References/ Recommended Reading

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply