As with the first edition, this second edition describes how environmental health policies are developed, the statutes and other policies that have evolved to address public health concerns associated with specific environmental hazards, and the public health foundations of the policies. It lays out policies for what is considered the major environmental physical hazards to human health. Specifically, the authors describe hazards from air, water, food, hazardous substances, and wastes. To this list the authors have added the additional concerns from climate change, tobacco products, genetically-modified organisms, environment-related diseases, energy production, biodiversity and species endangerment, and the built environment. And as with the first edition, histories of policymaking for specific environmental hazards are portrayed. This edition differs from its antecedent in three significant themes. Global perspectives are added to chapters that describe specific environmental hazards, e.g., air pollution policies in China and India. Also there is the material on the consequences of environmental hazards on both human and ecosystem health. Additionally readers are provided with information about interventions that policymakers and individuals can consider in mitigating or preventing specific environmental hazards.
Table of Contents
Section I: Policymaking Basics, Foundations, and Resources
1. Fundamentals of Environmental Health Policymaking
2. Steps in Environmental Health Policymaking
3. U.S. Federal Government’s Environmental Health Structure
4. General U.S. Federal Environmental Statutes
5. Global Environmental Health Programs and Policies
Section II: Known Environmental Hazards to Public Health
6. Climate Change
7. Tobacco Products
8. Air Quality
9. Water Quality and Security
10. Food Safety and Security
11. Hazardous Chemical Substances
12. Waste Generation and Management
13. Environment-Related Infectious Diseases
Section III: Emerging Areas Impacting Environmental Health
14. Energy Production and Associated Policies
15. Genetically Modified Organisms
16. Biodiversity and Endangered Species
17. The Built Environment
Section IV: Influences on Environmental Health Policymaking
18. Policy Impacts of Environmental Justice
19. Policy Impacts of Risk Assessment
20. Lessons Learned and Authors’ Reflection
Section V: Support Material
Appendix 1: List of Abbreviations
Appendix 2: List of Key Websites
Appendix 3: Glossary of Key Terms
Barry L. Johnson, Ph.D, is adjunct professor, Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, where from 2000 to 2011 he was co-lecturer for the environmental health policy graduate course. He was editor-in-chief, International Journal of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, from 2000̵ −2015. He received his doctorate in biomedical engineering from Iowa State University. Dr. Johnson began his public health career at the PHS air pollution program in Cincinnati, OH, conducting neurotoxicology research on criteria air pollutants. He continued this research when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was created, later joining the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health as a research scientist and administrator. Dr. Johnson completed his public health career as director of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, an agency created by the federal Superfund law. He is an elected Fellow (Emeritus), Collegium Ramazzini. In 1999 he retired from the U.S. Public Health Service with the rank of Rear Admiral. Dr. Johnson is author of Legacy of Hope (2016), Environmental Policy and Public Health (2007), Impact of Hazardous Waste on Human Health (1999), and senior editor of Hazardous Waste: Impacts on Human and Ecological Health (1997); Hazardous Waste and Public Health )1996); National Minority Health Conference Proceedings (1992); Advances in Neurobehavioral Toxicology (1990); and Prevention of Neurotoxic Illness in Working Populations (1987).
Maureen Lichtveld, MD, MPH has 35 year experience in environmental public health and currently is Professor and Chair, Department of Global Environmental Health Sciences, Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. She served as one of the highest ranking CDC environmental health scientists engaged in national environmental health research, and policy, often accompanied by congressional testimonies. Her research targets environmentally-induced disease in health disparate populations. She is endowed chair in environmental policy and Associate Director, Population Sciences, Louisiana Cancer Research Consortium. As Director of the Center for Gulf Coast Environmental Health Research, Leadership, and Strategic Initiatives, her $29M research portfolio encompasses national and global environmental health including the first ever NIH (GEOHealth) award to Suriname. Since 1988, she has served as IOM consultant, is a member of US. EPA Scientific Advisory Board, the NAS IOM Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine, and member, Health Disparities Subcommittee, Advisory Committee to the Director CDC. She was elected Chair, Editorial Board, American Journal of Public Health and President, Hispanic Serving Health Professions Schools. Dr. Lichtveld was honored as CDC’s Environmental Health Scientist of the Year and twice named Woman of the Year by the City of New Orleans.
"Unsurpassed in its ability to clearly and comprehensively describe and tie together environmental health science and public health policy. Combines lucid descriptions of the events and philosophies underlying the history of environmental controls with an understanding of the challenges faced today and in the imminent future."
— Bernard Goldstein, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pennsylvania, USA
"This very important book is both an authoritative reference work in environmental public health and at the same time an invaluable handbook that describes step-by-step and with great clarity how environmental health science is translated into public health policy. I recommend it highly."
— Philip J. Landrigan, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City, New York, USA
"Barry Johnson and Maureen Litchfield are highly qualified to write this book bridging environmental science and environmental policy. Students whose career plans include the application of science to environmental problems, citizens who want to contribute intelligently to the resolution of environmental problems, and scientists who want their work to be more effective all need a book like this. The scope of this second edition is expanded in important ways, particularly by including effects on nonhuman populations and communities."
— Glenn Suter, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
"The topics covered in this book will certainly make it essential reading for both novice and expert practitioners in environmental medicine and public health, but its appeal should also extend to environmental policy makers and those involved in environmental hazards."
— Jose L. Domingo, Universitat "Rovira I Virgili", Tarragona, Spain
"Environmental Policy and Public Health by Dr. Barry Johnson and Dr. Maureen Lichtveld is an important resource for students in environmental health, environmental policy and environmental medicine. It provides insight and commentary on current and emerging environmental challenges and opportunities. Both authors have had a long and distinguished career in academia and in government, their experience and their informed perspectives are evident in the chapters and provide a viewpoint that is useful and discriminating for experienced scientists and those individuals in early in their training."
— Mark Robson, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
"This book offers a relevant and comprehensive description of the major environmental hazards to human health, both well-known and more recently considered as concerning factors, such as climate change, genetically modified organisms, or biodiversity and species endangerment. Especially worthy are passed histories of policymaking for specific environmental hazards, which foster learning from passed experiences. This is a very valuable textbook for students as well as very recommendable reference book for regulatory personnel, public health practitioners, environmental scientists."
— Blanca Laffon, University of A Coruña, Spain
"Few areas of public policy affect human health more than the laws, regulations, and funding decisions that a society pursues in connection with the environment. At the same time, few are as controversial or undergo such wide swings in priorities depending on who controls political power. Johnson and Lichtveld’s Environmental Policy and Public Health is a comprehensive guide, covering environmental policy making and analysis and applicable laws and regulatory systems. It also illustrates their application in compelling case studies. The volume will be a valuable text for students of environmental health and an essential resource for professionals in the field."
— Thomas Clasen, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
"This book shows why cooperative efforts between countries is necessary in environmental policies. Readers can find a concise introduction on international activities and policies for the protection of humans and the environment. The essential key features and the scientific and balanced viewpoint make it one of the best sources of information, not only for U.S. readers but also for readers throughout the world."
—Mina Ha, Dankook University College of Medicine, Korea
To gain access to the instructor resources for this title, please visit theÂ Instructor Resources Download Hub.