Environmental Policy and Public Health: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental Policy and Public Health

1st Edition

By Barry L. Johnson

CRC Press

496 pages | 20 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-12-21
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Description

Advances in environmental protection and public health result from democratic processes that debate environmental health concerns and propose legislative and other policy solutions. Delineating the delicate relationship between environmental policy and public health, Environmental Policy and Public Health explores the development of environmental health policies, the statutes that address public health concerns about specific environmental hazards, and policy issues that impact environmental health programs.

Covering the fundamentals of environmental policy, this concise guide identifies the steps in environmental policy making, the federal government's environmental health structure, and the general environmental status. It focuses on environmental hazards, including air contamination, water pollution, unsafe food, pesticides and toxic substances, and hazardous waste that have been associated with degraded human health. The book provides a unique description of international environmental health organizations and programs and describes how risk assessment has become an integral policy in environmental health legislation.

Presenting a historical perspective of how environmental health has evolved, Environmental Policy and Public Health is the first book to bridge human health concerns and environmental protection. The book relates the relationship between controlling environmental hazards and the impact on human health and public health practice. It outlines how environmental justice has evolved and has been integrated into government environmental policies.

Table of Contents

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

Introduction

Environmental Health Policy Framework

Key Definitions

Evolution of Environmental Health

Public Health Fundamentals

The Role of Government

Public's Policy Expectations

Critical Thinking

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

STEPS IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH POLICY MAKING

Introduction

Influences on Environmental Health Policy

The Public's Concerns

Establishing Environmental Health Policy

PACM Model

Policies to Control Environmental Hazards

Policy as a Means to Disease Prevention

Environmental Ethics

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH STRUCTURE

Introduction

Civics 101

Dichotomous Environmental and Public Health Statutes

DHHS Agencies with Environmental Programs

Legislated Environmental Health Pairings

Other Federal Environmental Health Programs

Administrative Procedures Act

Federal Government's Regulatory Programs

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUTES

Introduction

Regulations and Standards

Enforcement and Penalties

Consumer Product Safety Act

Environmental Research & Development Demonstration

Information Quality Act

National Contingency Plan

National Environmental Policy Act

Noise Control Act

Occupational Safety and Health Act

Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act

Public Health Service Act

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

AIR AND WATER STATUTES

Introduction

The Clean Air Act

The Clean Water Act

The Safe Drinking Water Act

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

FOOD SAFETY STATUTES

Introduction

Federal Meat Inspection Act

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

State and Local Health Departments' Food Safety Authorities

Food Safety Policy Issues

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

PESTICIDES AND TOXIC SUBSTANCES STATUTES

Introduction

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

The Food Quality Protection Act

Toxic Substances Control Act

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTE STATUTES

Introduction

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

Ocean Dumping Act

Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships

Oil Pollution Act

Pollution Prevention Act

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMS

Introduction

United Nations

World Bank

World Trade Organization

European Union

International Rankings of Environmental Status

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

POLICY IMPACTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL EQUITY/JUSTICE

Introduction

A Matter of Definition

History

Presidential Executive Order on Environmental Justice

International Perspective

Observation

Policy Implications of Environmental Justice

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

POLICY IMPACTS OF RISK ASSESSMENT

Introduction

Evolution of Risk Assessment

Federal Government's Involvement

Human Health Risk Assessment

Ecological Risk Assessment

Occupational Injury Risk Assessmen

Other Applications of Risk Assessment

Public Health Concerns Regarding Risk Assessment

Other Critics of Risk Assessment

Summary

Policy Questions

Notes

References

ABBREVIATIONS

GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS

References

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW034000
LAW / Environmental
POL017000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Affairs & Administration
POL028000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / General
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General