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1st Edition

Environmental Policy and Public Health




ISBN 9780849384349
Published December 21, 2006 by CRC Press
496 Pages - 20 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Advances in environmental protection and public health result from democratic processes that debate environmental health concerns and propose legislative and other policy solutions. Delineating the delicate relationship between environmental policy and public health, Environmental Policy and Public Health explores the development of environmental health policies, the statutes that address public health concerns about specific environmental hazards, and policy issues that impact environmental health programs.

Covering the fundamentals of environmental policy, this concise guide identifies the steps in environmental policy making, the federal government's environmental health structure, and the general environmental status. It focuses on environmental hazards, including air contamination, water pollution, unsafe food, pesticides and toxic substances, and hazardous waste that have been associated with degraded human health. The book provides a unique description of international environmental health organizations and programs and describes how risk assessment has become an integral policy in environmental health legislation.

Presenting a historical perspective of how environmental health has evolved, Environmental Policy and Public Health is the first book to bridge human health concerns and environmental protection. The book relates the relationship between controlling environmental hazards and the impact on human health and public health practice. It outlines how environmental justice has evolved and has been integrated into government environmental policies.

Table of Contents

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
Introduction
Environmental Health Policy Framework
Key Definitions
Evolution of Environmental Health
Public Health Fundamentals
The Role of Government
Public's Policy Expectations
Critical Thinking
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

STEPS IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH POLICY MAKING
Introduction
Influences on Environmental Health Policy
The Public's Concerns
Establishing Environmental Health Policy
PACM Model
Policies to Control Environmental Hazards
Policy as a Means to Disease Prevention
Environmental Ethics
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH STRUCTURE
Introduction
Civics 101
Dichotomous Environmental and Public Health Statutes
DHHS Agencies with Environmental Programs
Legislated Environmental Health Pairings
Other Federal Environmental Health Programs
Administrative Procedures Act
Federal Government's Regulatory Programs
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUTES
Introduction
Regulations and Standards
Enforcement and Penalties
Consumer Product Safety Act
Environmental Research & Development Demonstration
Information Quality Act
National Contingency Plan
National Environmental Policy Act
Noise Control Act
Occupational Safety and Health Act
Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act
Public Health Service Act
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

AIR AND WATER STATUTES
Introduction
The Clean Air Act
The Clean Water Act
The Safe Drinking Water Act
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

FOOD SAFETY STATUTES
Introduction
Federal Meat Inspection Act
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
State and Local Health Departments' Food Safety Authorities
Food Safety Policy Issues
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

PESTICIDES AND TOXIC SUBSTANCES STATUTES
Introduction
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
The Food Quality Protection Act
Toxic Substances Control Act
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTE STATUTES
Introduction
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
Ocean Dumping Act
Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships
Oil Pollution Act
Pollution Prevention Act
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMS
Introduction
United Nations
World Bank
World Trade Organization
European Union
International Rankings of Environmental Status
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

POLICY IMPACTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL EQUITY/JUSTICE
Introduction
A Matter of Definition
History
Presidential Executive Order on Environmental Justice
International Perspective
Observation
Policy Implications of Environmental Justice
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

POLICY IMPACTS OF RISK ASSESSMENT
Introduction
Evolution of Risk Assessment
Federal Government's Involvement
Human Health Risk Assessment
Ecological Risk Assessment
Occupational Injury Risk Assessmen
Other Applications of Risk Assessment
Public Health Concerns Regarding Risk Assessment
Other Critics of Risk Assessment
Summary
Policy Questions
Notes
References

ABBREVIATIONS

GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS
References

INDEX

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Author(s)

Biography

Barry L. Johnson

Support Material

Ancillaries

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