‘Environmental policy’ has been defined as ‘a set of principles and intentions used to guide decision-making about human management of environmental capital and environmental services’. Although it draws on concepts from environmental philosophy and environmental politics (and from many other scientific and social-science disciplines), environmental policy is distinctive in its problem-solving orientation.
To meet the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of the subject’s vast literature and the continuing explosion in research output, this new Routledge Major Work brings together in four volumes the canonical and best cutting-edge scholarship from the subdiscipline.
Volume 1 explores ‘the predicament of humankind’ by gathering vital research on the key concepts underlying environmental policy. It collects work about the atmosphere, the philosophy of science and technology, as well as writing from the fields of environmental philosophy and politics. The second volume covers the topics of environmentalism, sustainable development, political ecology, the policy-making process, and ecological modernization.
Volume 3 assembles the most important and influential thinking on environmental policy instruments, and indicators and on ‘managing the global commons’, while the scholarship assembled in the final volume covers writings at the regional, national, local, and institutional levels of environmental policy. It incorporates work on environmental management standards, environmental education, and the relationship between environmental policy and the quality of life in urban and rural communities.
With a comprehensive index and an introduction newly written by the editor which places the materials in their historical and intellectual context, this collection is destined to become a vital reference resource for all students and scholars of environmental policy.
The Predicament of Humankind
1. Thomas Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population (London: J. Johnson, 1798), pp. 1–11.
2. Garret Hardin (1968) ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’, Science, 162, 1968, pp. 1243–8.
3. Elinor Ostrom, ‘Reflections on the Commons’, Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), pp. 1–28.
4. Eduard Pestel, Abstract of Donella H. Meadows, Dennis L. Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and William W. Behrens, The Limits to Growth: A Report for the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind (London: Earth Island, 1972).
5. Julian Simon, ‘Population’s Effects on Technology and Productivity’, The Ultimate Resource 2 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996), pp. 367–90.
6. World Meteorological Organisation, ‘Conference Statement’, World Conference: The Changing Atmosphere, Implications for Global Security, Toronto Canada, 27–30 June (Geneva: World Meteorological Organisation, 1988).
7. D. W. Fahey et al, ‘Twenty Questions and Answers about Ozone’, World Meteorological Organisation, Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2002 Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project—Report No. 47 (Nairobi: UNEP, 2002), pp. Q1–Q38.
8. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ‘Summary for Policy Makers’, Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (Geneva: IPCC, 2001).
9. Bjorn Lohmborg, ‘Biodiversity’, The Skeptical Environmentalist (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp. 249–57.
10. Edward O. Wilson, Thomas E. Lovejoy, Norman Myers, Jeffrey A. Harvey, and Stuart L. Pimm, ‘Biodiversity Distortions in Lomborg’s "The Skeptical Environmentalist"’ (Union of Concerned Scientists, 2001) (www.ucsusa.org/assets/documents).
11. United Nations, Water for People: Water for Life (Paris: UNESCO/World Water Assessment Programme, 2003), pp. 5–22.
12. S. J. Omerod, ‘Current Issues with Fish and Fisheries’, Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 2, 2003, pp. 204–13.
13. Michael Redclift and Colin Sage, ‘Resources, Environmental Degradation and Inequality’, in Andrew Hurrell and Ngaire Woods (eds.), Inequality, Globalisation and World Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1999), pp. 122–49.
14. Paul Ekins, ‘After Seattle: What Next for Trade and the Environment?’, in Frans Berkhout, Melissa Leach, and Ian Scoones (eds.), Negotiating Environmental Change: New Perspectives from Social Science (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar 2003), pp. 159–92.
15. David Harvey, ‘Postmodernism’, The Condition of Postmodernity (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990), pp. 39–65.
16. Ulrich Beck, ‘Politics of Risk Society’, in Jane Franklin (ed.), The Politics of Risk Society (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1998), pp. 9–22.
Science and Policy
17. James E. Lovelock and Lynn Margulis, ‘Atmospheric Homeostasis by and for the Atmosphere: The Gaia Hypothesis’, Tellus, 26, 1974, pp. 2–10.
18. Karin Backstrand, ‘Scientisation vs. Civic Expertise in Environmental Governance: Eco-feminist, Eco-modern and Post-modern Responses’, Environmental Politics, 13, 4, 2004, pp. 695–714.
19. Brian Wynne, ‘Uncertainty and Environmental Learning: Reconceiving Science and Policy in the Preventive Paradigm’, Global Environmental Change, 2, 2, 1992, pp. 111–27.
20. Sheila Jasanoff, ‘(No?) Accounting for Expertise’, Science and Public Policy, 30, 3, 2003, pp. 157–62.
21. Michael Winter, ‘Intersecting Departmental Responsibilities, Administrative Confusion and the Role of Science in Government: The Case of BSE’, Parliamentary Affairs, 49, 1996, pp. 550–65.
22. Aldo Leopold, ‘The Land Ethic’, A Sand County Almanac and Sketches Here and There (New York: Oxford University Press, 1949), pp. 201–26.
23. Arne Naess, ‘Sustainable Development and Deep Ecology’, in J. Ronald Engel and Joan Gibb Engel (eds.), Ethics of Environment and Development: Global Challenge, International Response (London: Pinter, 1990), pp. 87–96.
24. Ronald Inglehart and Wayne E. Baker, ‘Modernisation, Cultural Change and the Persistence of Traditional Values’, American Sociological Review, 65, 2000, pp. 19–51.
25. Steven R. Brechin and Willett Kempton, ‘Global Environmentalism: A Challenge to the Postmaterialism Thesis?’, Social Science Quarterly, 75, 2, 1994, pp. 245–69.
26. Manfred Max-Neef, Antonio Elizade, and Martin Hopenhayn, ‘Development and Human Needs’, in Manfred Max-Neef (ed.), Human Scale Development: Conception, Application and Further Reflections (London: Apex Press, 1991), pp. 13–39.
27. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, ‘Introduction: Living Resource Conservation’ and ‘Towards Sustainable Development’, World Conservation Strategy: Living Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development (Gland: Switzerland, 1980), chs. 1 and 20.
28. World Commission on Environment and Development, ‘Towards Sustainable Development’, Our Common Future (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1987), pp. 43–66.
29. Gill Seyfang, ‘Environmental mega-conferences: From Stockholm to Johannesburg and Beyond’, Global Environmental Change, 13, 2003, pp. 223–8.
30. Michael Jacobs, ‘Sustainable Development as a Contested Concept’, in Andrew Dobson (ed.), Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1999), pp. 21–45.
31. Paul Ekins, Sandrine Simon, Lisa Deutsch, Carl Folke, and Rudolf De Groot, ‘A Framework for the Practical Application of the Concepts of Critical Natural Capital and Strong Sustainability’, Ecological Economics, 44, 2–3, 2003, pp. 165–85.
32. David Harvey, ‘The Environment of Justice’, Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference (Oxford: Blackwell, 1996), pp. 366–402.
33. Raymond L. Bryant, ‘Power, Knowledge and Political Ecology in the Third World: A Review’, Progress in Physical Geography, 22, 1, 1998, pp. 79–94.
34. Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek, ‘Intergenerational Equity’, Justice, Posterity and the Environment (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 46–70.
The Policy Making Process
35. Peter Bachrach and Morton S. Baratz, ‘Two Faces of Power’, American Political Science Review, 56, 4, 1962, pp. 947–52.
36. Anthony Downs, ‘Up and Down with Ecology: The Issue-Attention Cycle’, Public Interest, 28, 1972, pp. 38–50.
37. Matthew A. Crenson, ‘Air Pollution and Political Agendas’, in The Un-Politics of Air Pollution: A Study of Non-Decisionmaking in the Cities (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1971), pp. 159–76.
38. Charles Lindblom, ‘The Science of "Muddling Through"’, Public Administration Review, 19, 6, 1959, pp.78–88.
39. Michael Howlett and M. Ramesh, ‘Policy Evaluation: Policy Analysis and Policy Learning’, Studying Public Policy: Policy Cycles and Policy Subsystems, 2nd edn. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), pp. 207–26.
40. Sheila Jasanoff, ‘NGOs and the Environment: From Knowledge to Action’, Third World Quarterly, 18, 3, 1997, pp. 579–94.
41. Arthur P. J. Mol, ‘Ecological Modernization: Industrial Transformations and Environmental Reform’, in Michael Redclift and Graham Woodgate (eds.), The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1997), pp. 138–49.
42. F. H. Buttel, ‘Ecological Modernization as Social Theory’, Geoforum, 31, 2000, pp. 57–65.
43. Arthur P. J. Mol, ‘The Environmental Movement in an Era of Ecological Modernisation’, Geoforum, 31, 1, 2000, pp. 45–56.
Policy Instruments and Indicators
44. Andrew Jordan, Rüdiger, K. W. Wurzel, and Anthony Zito, ‘The Rise of "New" Policy Instruments in Comparative Perspective: Has Governance Eclipsed Government?’, Political Studies, 53, 3, 2005, pp. 477–96.
45. Kenneth A. Oye and James H. Maxwell, ‘Self-Interest and Environmental Management’, in Robert O. Keohane and Elinor Ostrom (eds.), Local Commons and Global Interdependence: Heterogeneity and Cooperation in Two Domains (London: Sage, 1995), pp. 191–221.
46. Panagiotis Karamanos, ‘Voluntary Environmental Agreements’, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 44, 1, 2001, pp. 67–84.
47. R. H. Coase, ‘The Problem of Social Cost’, The Journal of Law and Economics, 3, 1960, pp. 1–44.
48. David W. Pearce and R. Kerry Turner, ‘The Historical Development of Environmental Economics’, Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990), pp. 3–28.
49. J. Martinez-Allier, ‘Political Ecology, Distributional Conflicts and Economic Incommensurability’, New Left Review, 211, 1995, pp. 70–8.
50. Gill Seyfang, ‘Bartering For A Better Future? Community Currencies and Sustainable Consumption’, CSERGE Working Paper, EDM 2004-10 (Norwich: University of East Anglia, 2004).
51. Helen Briassoulis, ‘Sustainable Development and its Indicators: Through a (Planner’s) Glass Darkly’, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 44, 3, 2001, pp. 409–27.
52. William E. Rees and Mathis Wackernagel, ‘Ecological Footprints and Appropriated Carrying Capacity’, in AnnMari Jansson, Monica Hammer, Carl Folke, and Robert Costanza (eds.), Investing in Natural Capital: The Ecological Economics Approach to Sustainability (Covelo, CA: Island Press, 1994), pp. 362–90.
Managing the Global Commons
53. Edward A. Parson, ‘The Theoretical and Practical Significance of the Ozone Regime’, Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003) pp. 245–80.
54. Michael Grubb, ‘Kyoto and the Future of International Climate Change Response: From Here to Where?’, International Review for Environmental Strategies, 5, 1, 2004, pp. 15–38.
55. William D. Nordhaus and Joseph G. Boyer, ‘Requiem for Kyoto: An Economic Analysis of the Kyoto Protocol’, Energy Journal, 20, 1999, pp. 93–130.
56. Nicholas Stern, ‘The Economics of Climate Change’ (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. i–xxvii.
57. Alexander E. Farrell and M. Granger Morgan, ‘Multilateral Emission Trading: Heterogeniety in Domestic and International Common-Pool Resource Management’, in Nives Dolšak and Elinor Ostrom (eds.), The Commons in the New Millennium: Challenges and Adaptation (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2003), pp. 169–217.
58. Stuart Kaye, ‘Implementing High Seas Biodiversity Conservation: Global Geopolitical Considerations’, Marine Policy, 28, 3, 2004, pp. 221–6.
59. Andréa Zhouri, ‘Global-Local Amazon Politics: Conflicting Paradigms in the Rainforest Campaign’, Theory, Culture & Society, 21, 2, 2004, pp. 69–89.
60. Asit K. Biswas, ‘From Mar del Plata to Kyoto: An Analysis of Global Water Policy Dialogue’, Global Environmental Change, 14, 2004, pp. 81–8.
Managing the Regional Commons
61. Andrew Jordan and Timothy O’Riordan, ‘An Ever-More Sustainable Union? Integrating Economy, Society and Environment in a Rapidly Expanding Europe’, in Vassiliki N. Koutrakou (ed.), Contemporary Issues and Debates in EU policy (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004), pp. 149–61.
62. Fredric C. Menz and Hans M. Seip, ‘Acid Rain in Europe and the United States: An Update’, Environmental Science & Policy, 7, 2004, pp. 253–65.
63. B. S. Min, ‘Regional Cooperation for Control of Transboundary Air Pollution in East Asia’, Journal of Asian Economics, 12, 2001, pp. 137–53.
64. Malcolm MacGarvin, ‘Fisheries: Taking Stock’, European Environment Agency, Late Lessons from Early Warnings: The Precautionary Principle 1896–2000 (Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2001), pp. 17–30.
65. Juha I. Uitto and Alfred M. Duda, ‘Management of Transboundary Water Resources: Lessons from International Cooperation for Conflict Prevention’, The Geographical Journal, 168, 4, 2002, pp. 365–78.
66. Piers M. Blaikie and Joshua S. S. Muldavin, ‘Upstream, Downstream, China, India: The Politics of Environment in the Himalayan Region’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 94, 3, 2004, pp. 520–48.
Environmental Policy at the National level
67. Atle Christer Christiansen, ‘Convergence or Divergence? Status and Prospects for US Climate Strategy’, Climate Policy, 3, 2003, pp. 343–58.
68. Elim Papadakis, ‘Global Environmental Diplomacy: Australia’s Stances on Global Warming’, Australian Journal of International Affairs, 56, 2, 2002, pp. 265–77.
69. Tatiana G. Avdeeva, ‘Russia and the Kyoto Protocol: Challenges Ahead’, Reciel, 14, 3, 2005, pp. 293–302.
70. Simon Dresner, Tim Jackson, and Nigel Gilbert, ‘History and Social Responses to Environmental Tax Reform in the United Kingdom’, Energy Policy, 34, 8, 2006, pp. 930–9.
71. Joshua Muldavin, ‘The Paradoxes of Environmental Policy and Resource Management in Reform-Era China’, Economic Geography, 76, 3, 2000, pp. 244–71.
72. Ton Bührs, ‘From Diffusion to Defusion: The Roots and Effects of Environmental Innovation in New Zealand’, Environmental Politics, 12, 3, 2003, pp. 83–101.
73. Franklin R. Rothman, ‘A Comparative Study of Dam Resistance Campaigns’, Journal of Environment and Development, 10, 4, 2001, pp. 317–44.
74. Richard C. Foltz, ‘Environmental Initiatives in Contemporary Iran’, Central Asian Survey, 20, 2, 2001, pp. 155–65.
Local Environmental Governance
75. Jeb Brugman, ‘Agenda 21 and the Role of Local Government’, in Felix Dodds (ed.), Earth Summit 2002: A New Deal (London: Earthscan, 2001), pp. 40–8.
76. Roger Keil and Gene Desfor, ‘Ecological Modernisation in Los Angeles and Toronto’, Local Environment, 8, 1, 2003, pp. 27–44.
77. B. Ikubolajeh Logan and William G. Moseley, ‘The Political Ecology of Poverty Alleviation in Zimbabwe’s Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE)’, Geoforum, 33, 2002, pp. 1–14.
Institutional Environmental Policy
78. Joseph Murphy and Andrew Gouldson, ‘Environmental Policy and Industrial Innovation: Integrating Environment and Economy Through Ecological Modernisation’, Geoforum, 31, 1, 2000, pp. 33–44.
79. Richard Welford, ‘Beyond Systems: A Vision for Corporate Environmental Management for the Future’, International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, 2, 2, 2003, pp. 162–73.
80. Ans Kolk and David Levy, ‘Winds of Change: Corporate Strategy, Climate Change and Oil Multinationals’, European Management Journal, 19, 5, 2001, pp. 501–9.
81. Jennifer Clapp, ‘The Privatisation of Global Environmental Governance: ISO 14001 and the Developing World’, Global Governance, 4, 1998, pp. 295–316.
82. Martin Perry and Sanjeev Singh, ‘Corporate Environmental Responsibility in Singapore and Malaysia’, in Peter Utting (ed.), The Greening of Business in Developing Countries (London: Zed Books, 2002), pp. 97–131.
The Critical Concepts in the Environment series is edited and introduced by key figures in the field, meeting the need for up to date scholarship in a range of critical areas of study. With a rich backlist of popular titles in areas of major environmental research the series is expanding with the additional titles, Sustainable Development and Media and the Environment. Each collection in the series collates key research and scholarship, providing users with historical context, as well as a thorough overview of current issues and debates.