This new volume studies the impact and management of environmental pollution on plants, often resulting in plant abiotic stress physiology, which causes reduction in growth due to alterations in biochemical and physiological processes, thus threatening food security, the ecosystem, and the plants themselves. This volume details the harm to plants caused primarily by heavy metal contamination in soils, by pesticides use, and by air pollution and presents several mitigation strategies as well.
Soils contaminated with heavy metals is a major challenge worldwide due to increase in anthropogenic and geologic activities. Despite the effectiveness of pesticides in preventing pest invasions and yield decline, pesticides and other air pollutants cause biochemical changes that can instigate leaf damage, stomatal impairment, early senescence, decrease in photosynthetic efficiency, interruption of membrane perviousness, and decrease of growth and yield in sensitive plant types.
Chapters in this volume address these issues. Topics include the antioxidant, photosynthesis, and growth characteristics of plants grown in polluted soils; the benefits and hazards of pesticides; microbe-assisted bioremediation and biotechnological advances for plant pollution control; genetically modified plants and their potential resistance to environmental pollution; and more.
1. Effect of Heavy Metal Polluted Soil on Physiology and Biochemistry of Plants
Muhammad Ashar Ayub, Muhammad Zia Ur Rehman, Muhammad Zohaib Aslam, Wajid Umar, Muhammad Adnan, and Hamaad Raza Ahmad
2. Pesticides and Their Impacts: Benefits and Hazards
Lubna Najam and Tanveer Alam
3. Antioxidant, Photosynthesis, and Growth Characteristics of Plants Grown in Polluted Soils
Parneet Kaur, Ruchira Ghosh, Zoya Shaikh, Priti Sohal, Saurabh Kulshreshtha, Jessica Pandohee, and Ahmad Ali
4. Impact of Pesticides Use in Agriculture
Yusuf Opeyemi Oyebamiji, Ismail Abiola Adebayo, Mohd Nazri Ismail, Noraziyah Abd Aziz Shamsuddin, Noor Zafirah Ismail, and Hasni Arsad
5. Effect of Environmental Pollution on the Generation of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species in Plant Tissues
Summia Rehman, Subzar Ahmad Nanda, Shazia Qurat Ul Aien, Ishfaq Ul Rehman, and Tajamul Islam
6. Plants and Microbe-Assisted Bioremediation of Heavy Metals Polluted Environments
Uzma Azeem, Gurpaul Singh Dhingra, and Richa Shri
7. Bioinformatical and Biotechnological Advances for Bioremediation and Plant Pollution Control
Kayenat Sheikh, Dr. Khalid Raza, and Syed Saleemullah
8. Ceratophyllum demersum (L.): An Aquatic Macrophyte for Phytoremediation
Muhammad Aasim, Ozlem Akgur, and Zemran Mustafa
9. Genetically Modified Plants (GMPs) and Their Potential in Protection, Constraints, Prospects, Challenges, and Opportunities against Environmental Pollution
Wajiha Anum, Umair Riaz, Liaquat Ali, Lal Hussain Akhter, Rana Imtiaz Ahmed, Abid Ali, and Asad-Ur-Rahman
10. Detoxification of Sewage Sludge by Natural Attenuation and Application as a Fertilizers
Taqi Raza, Iftikhar Ali, Nawab Khan, Neal Samuel Eash, Muhammad Farhan Qadir, and Hanuman Singh Jatav