From bridges and tunnels to nuclear waste repositories, structures require that soils maintain their design engineering properties if the structures are to reach their projected life spans. The same is true for earth dams, levees, buffers, barriers for landfills, and other structures that use soils as engineered materials. Yet soil, a natural resou
Origin and Function of Soils. Nature of Soils. Soil-Water Systems. Swelling Clays. Stressors, Impacts, and Soil Functionality. Mechanical Properties. Thermal and Hydraulic Properties. Sorption Properties and Mechanisms. Mobility and Attenuation of Contaminants. Environmental Soil Behaviour.