1st Edition

Environmental Systems Analysis with MATLAB®





ISBN 9781498706353
Published March 3, 2016 by CRC Press
540 Pages - 503 Color Illustrations

USD $205.00

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Book Description

Explore the inner workings of environmental processes using a mathematical approach. Environmental Systems Analysis with MATLAB® combines environmental science concepts and system theory with numerical techniques to provide a better understanding of how our environment works. The book focuses on building mathematical models of environmental systems, and using these models to analyze their behaviors. Designed with the environmental professional in mind, it offers a practical introduction to developing the skills required for managing environmental modeling and data handling.

The book follows a logical sequence from the basic steps of model building and data analysis to implementing these concepts into working computer codes, and then on to assessing their results. It describes data processing (rarely considered in environmental analysis); outlines the tools needed to successfully analyze data and develop models, and moves on to real-world problems. The author illustrates in the first four chapters the methodological aspects of environmental systems analysis, and in subsequent chapters applies them to specific environmental concerns.

The accompanying software bundle is freely downloadable from the book web site. It follows the chapters sequence and provides a hands-on experience, allowing the reader to reproduce the figures in the text and experiment by varying the problem setting. A basic MATLAB literacy is required to get the most out of the software.

Ideal for coursework and self-study, this offering:

  • Deals with the basic concepts of environmental modeling and identification, both from the mechanistic and the data-driven viewpoint
  • Provides a unifying methodological approach to deal with specific aspects of environmental modeling: population dynamics, flow systems, and environmental microbiology
  • Assesses the similarities and the differences of microbial processes in natural and man-made environments
  • Analyzes several aquatic ecosystems’ case studies
  • Presents an application of an extended Streeter & Phelps (S&P) model
  • Describes an ecological method to estimate the bioavailable nutrients in natural waters
  • Considers a lagoon ecosystem from several viewpoints, including modeling and management, and more

Table of Contents

Introduction
Environmental Systems Modelling, the Basic Concepts
Attributes and Dichotomies of Environmental Models
Practical Mechanistic Modelling
Environmental Models as Dynamical Systems
Linear Time-Invariant Dynamical Systems
Discrete-Time LTI Dynamical System
Stability of Discrete-Time Dynamical LTI Systems
Continuous-Time Linear Dynamical System
Nonlinear Systems
Numerical Aspects and the Role of MATLAB
Worked Examples

Identification of Environmental Models
Introduction
Sensitivity Analysis as an Identifiability Test
Gradient-Free Optimization Methods (Direct Search)
Validation of the Estimates
PEAS: A Computer Package for Parameter Estimation of Ecological Models

Analysis of Environmental Time Series
Introduction
Time Domain versus Frequency Domain of Environmental Time Series
Signal Regularization
Wavelet Signal Processing: Adaptive Combination of Time and Frequency Analysis
Principal Components Analysis

Fuzzy Modelling of Environmental Systems
Introduction to the Fuzzy Logic
Building a Fuzzy Inference System
The MATLAB Fuzzy Toolbox
Fuzzy Modelling
Fuzzy Clustering: Aggregating Data by Similarity

Population Dynamics Modelling
Single-Species Continuous-Time Population Models
Single-Species Discrete-Time Population Models
Harvested Populations
Competition
Prey–Predator Models
Food Chains

Flow Reactor Modelling
Continuous-Flow Reactor Modelling
Plug-Flow Reactor
Diffusive Reactor

Microbial Kinetics Modelling
Enzymatic Reaction Kinetics
Microbial Metabolism of Carbonaceous Substrates
Microbial Metabolism of Nitrogenous Substrates
Microbial Metabolism of Phosphorus

Analysis of Aquatic Ecosystems
The Oxygen Cycle in the Aquatic Environment
A Short-Term Oxygen Dynamical Balance
Analysis of the Circadian DO Cycles by Wavelet Filtering and Fuzzy Clustering
Extending the Spatial–Temporal Validity of DO Models
Beyond S&P: A Water Quality Model Case Study
Estimation of Nutrient Bioavailability in Rivers
Modelling an Horizontal Subsurface Constructed Wetland
Environmental Assessment of a Coastal Lake and Surrounding Wetlands
A Fish Habitat Suitability Assessment Based on Fuzzy Logic
References

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Author(s)

Biography

Stefano Marsili-Libelli received a cum laude MS degree in electronic engineering from the University of Pisa in 1973. Later that same year, he joined the University of Florence and since that time has served on the engineering faculty—first as a technical assistant, then as an associate professor (1983), and finally as a full professor (2000). A founding member of the environmental engineering curriculum at the University of Florence, he is also director of the Laboratory of Environmental Process Control, and an associate editor for the ISI international journals Environmental Modelling & Software and Water Science & Technology.

Reviews

"… a clear and comprehensive exposition of not only the fundamental mathematical and statistical techniques needed to model environmental systems, but also of the underlying philosophy that produces models that are physically realistic and result in predictions that are relevant to taking action in the real world. The development of material in each chapter is lucid and will be accessible to students and the novice modeler, yet detailed enough to be of interest to experienced researchers. The example situations that are modeled are both interesting and timely. … This work is destined to become a classic in the environmental modeling literature."
—William D. Lakin, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics, Statistics, and Biomedical Engineering, Emeritus, The University of Vermont, Burlington, USA

"This book is a must for those starting out on modeling and for those who need more technical background, and indeed pragmatic guidance, the latter partly deriving from the author’s wealth of experience. Beautifully written and illustrated in a truly didactic way, it uses ecological models much of the time to give focus. But it really is an excellent book for anyone interested in understanding systems and their key concepts and methods. A bonus for students and teachers is the provision of MATLAB® based exercises to reinforce the learning potential and enhance skill development."
—Tony Jakeman, Australian National University, Canberra