Environmental and Economic Sustainability: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental and Economic Sustainability

1st Edition

By Paul E. Hardisty

CRC Press

337 pages | 88 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781420059489
pub: 2010-06-21
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429145056
pub: 2010-06-21
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Never before has the quest to balance the needs of people, the environment, and the economy been so important. While sustainability has been widely taken up by governments and business, the world has continued to move in increasingly unsustainable directions, from continued dependence on fossil energy to rising greenhouse gas emissions, and erosion of biodiversity. We know what the right thing to do is, but somehow we cannot make the changes that are needed, and so we continue with business as usual, producing business-as-usual results.

Based on more than fifteen years of research and practice, Environmental and Economic Sustainability introduces the environmental and economic sustainability assessment (EESA), a new way to make decisions that meets the challenges of the 21st century. Incorporating elements of life-cycle analysis, risk assessment, cost-benefit analysis, and comprehensive sensitivity analysis, EESA provides a fully quantitative, objective, and rational way to include all of the social, environmental, and economic issues relevant to a decision into one comprehensive analysis. The author demonstrates how to apply EESA using examples across a number of major industries, including petroleum, mining, and public utilities, and covering key issues such as water, greenhouse gases, waste, contaminated sites, and renewable energy.

Case studies

  • Management of produced water in the oil and gas industry in the Middle East
  • Management of wastewater in a water utility in Australia
  • Power generation and carbon management in an energy utility in Australia
  • Remediation of contaminated gas works in the UK
  • Energy savings and carbon management in heavy oil processing

Ultimately, the solutions to problems of the 21st century will come from understanding the tremendous value that the environment provides, and reflecting that value within decision-making at every level so that society as a whole thrives. This book demonstrates that while business-as-usual approaches can be sub-optimal, spending on sustainable outcomes must be balanced with anticipated benefits. It demonstrates how to communicate with stakeholders in a transparent process which provides a robust view of how various options compare over a wide range of possible future conditions, using a language that everyone understands: money.

Table of Contents


The Exponential Era

Crisis—Which Crisis?

True Sustainability for This Century

Objectives and Structure of the Book


Sustainability in the Twenty-first Century

A Short History of Sustainability

The Challenges of the Twenty-first Century

An Overview of Global Trends

Why Sustainability Has Not Worked

The Twentieth-Century Prosperity Explosion

Twentieth-Century Engineering

Twenty-First Century Economics for the Twenty-First Century



Quantifying Sustainability for Improved Decision Making

Balancing Environment, Society, and Economy

The Environmental and Economic Sustainability Assessment: Embedding Sustainability in Decision Making

Socioenvironmental Economic Analysis

Full Social Cost–Benefit Analysis

Valuing the Environment and Society

Applying the Environmental and Economic Sustainability Assessment





Water Management in Industry: Overview

Water Use and Protection in Oilfield Development in North Africa

Produced Water Management in Oilfield Operations

Water Management in Mine Development

Example: Determining a Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Discharge Strategy



Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change


Carbon Mitigation Risk

Adaptation Risks

Example: GHG Management in Heavy Oil Production





Example: Commercial-Scale Solar Thermal Power in Australia

Example: Comparing Renewable Energy Options



Contaminated Sites and Waste


Conceptual Framework

The Economics of Remediation

Economic Sustainability Analysis for Contaminated Land

The Social Cost of Waste Management Using Landfill

Case History: Brownfield Redevelopment in Canada

Case History: Groundwater Remediation at a Refinery in Europe

Remediating NAPLs in Fractured Aquifers

Example: DNAPL in a Fractured Carbonate Aquifer, United States

Example: NAPL in a Fractured Carbonate Aquifer, United Kingdom



Best Practice for the Twenty-first Century



Management and Decision Making

Into the Future



About the Series

Environmental and Ecological Risk Assessment

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Ecology
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General