Bringing together a mixture of theoretical discussion, political analyses and illustrative case studies, this volume provides the first comprehensive scholarly analysis of the tension between environmental protection and economic development in Turkey. Through its dual focus on democratization and modernization, this book also makes an important contribution to the literature on politics in contemporary Turkey. It identifies and analyses the forces underwriting the growth of environmental social movements, investigates the impacts these movements have on development and modernization, and above all, evaluates the role played by environmental movements in the democratization process of Turkey.
’The environment has been the neglected stepchild of Turkish development policy under both the planning and the market-economy model. This insightful book analyzes this sorry history, as well as the awakening of the Turkish environmental movement in the 1990s, and evaluates its consequences from a broad, multidisciplinary perspective.’ Dani Rodrik, Harvard University, USA ’This is an essential source of information and analysis for the debates on Turkey's accession to the European Union. It is a well-written account of the environmental aspects of the economic development and urbanization of Turkey, a country with a growing population and a growing economy. Highly recommended not only for those with an interest in Turkey, but also for students of environmental movements and environmental policy everywhere.’ Joan Martinez Alier, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain ’This pioneering book fills a notable gap in the academic literature, explaining the growth and direction of the new environmentalist movement in Turkey, and the problems it faces. It illustrates its arguments with a series of fascinating case studies. With its balanced but critical approach, it deserves a wide readership among all those interested in the politics of environmental protection in rapidly changing societies.’ William Hale, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, UK ’This book represents a major contribution to our understanding of a highly neglected issue: human-induced environmental change in Turkey…with its detailed examination of the multi-faceted issues surrounding environmental change, the book also fills an important gap in the study of the impact of modernization in Turkey, which has hitherto been confined largely to ethnicity, gender and religious politics. It is in this sense a path-breaking contribution, which should not only enhance our understanding of the subject with all its relevant dimensions but also generate further study by a
Contents: Introduction, Fikret Adaman and Murat Arsel. Modernization, Development and Democratization: Reflexive developmentalism? Toward an environmental critique of modernization, Murat Arsel; Modernity, democracy, and civil society, E. Fuat Keyman. Main Players: The state, civil society, and environmentalism, ZÃ¼lkÃ¼f Aydin; Non-state actors and environmentalism, Ã‡igdem Adem; The impact of the European Union on environmental policy, Rana Izci; Assessing the efficacy of transnational advocacy networks, Zeynep Kadirbeyoglu; The role of business in environmental policy-making, Sema Kalaycioglu and Feride GÃ¶nel; The greening of Islamic politics: a godsend for the environment?, Barbara Pusch; Issue Areas and Case Studies: Energy politics and policy, Kamil Kaygusuz and Murat Arsel; Development alla Turca: the Southeast Anatolia development project (GAP), Ali Ã‡arkoglu and Mine Eder; Negotiating inequalities: democracy, gender, and politics of difference in water user groups of southeastern Turkey, Leila M. Harris; Transformations in urban structure and the environment in Istanbul, Ã‡aglar Keyder; Toward more sustainable urban policies? The case of Yalova, BegÃ¼m Ã–zkaynak; Biodiversity and biotechnology in the agriculture sector, ZÃ¼hre Aksoy; Making tourism sustainable: prospects and pitfalls, Cevat Tosun and Alan Fyall; The Bergama Imbroglio, Murat Arsel; Particularistic interactions: State (in)capacity, civil society, and disaster management, Hande Paker; Conclusion: development and democratization in an era of environmental crisis, Fikret Adaman and Murat Arsel; Index.