A Comprehensive Review of Developing Environmentally Friendly Lubricants
A push from environmentally savvy consumers along with recent changes in governmental regulations have paved the way for a marketplace of products with high levels of environmental performance. Fueled by the growing demand for biobased lubricants, Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants highlights the development of environmentally friendly additives that are compatible with environmental regulations and describes the approaches being used in this emerging area.
Derived from research topics shared over the years at various technical sessions of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) Annual Meetings, the book includes a critical assessment of gaps and weaknesses in the field of environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants. Each chapter is written by authors selected from the environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants sessions of STLE and also incorporates input from prominent researchers invited to take part in the book. Expert contributors discuss the control, production, usage, and disposal of lubricants; factor in related policies, laws, and regulations around the world; and include case studies demonstrating the uses and values of commercially viable biobased lubricants.
The book is divided into five sections that cover advanced environmentally friendly base oils and feedstocks, biobased hydraulic lubricants and biodegradability, chemically/enzymatically modified environmentally friendly base oils, vegetable oil–based environmentally friendly fluids, and additives for environmentally friendly fluids.
"… a novel reference for R&D activities and suitable feed stocks to be used for the preparation of bio based lubricants."
—Dr. A. S. Sarpal, Inmetro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
"… a very thorough book on a current active scientific area. The editors have done a good job in selecting authors with expertise in their subject."
—Joseph M. Perez, Professor Emeritus, Tribology Group, Chemical Engineering Department,
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA
"… a useful book for all who are working in this fascinating and important area of renewables. Full of references and novel approaches."
—Manfred Schneider, Bergische Universität, Wuppertal, Germany
"This book attempts to focus on recent developments in the field, building on accumulated knowledge over the years. Diversity in content and depth of research material discussed, this edition is uniquely positioned to appeal to new researchers in the field and subject matter experts alike."
—Dr. Atanu Adhvaryu, Afton Chemical Corporation
"… a broad spectrum of cutting-edge reports with interesting findings, based on innovative approaches and sound concepts."
—Svajus Joseph Asadauskas, Institute of Chemistry, CPST, Vilnius, Lithuania
"This book brings up-to-date information regarding biolubricants under one roof. Provides easy access to other relevant references. Brings topics that are not as well-known into discussion and consideration. A valuable addition to the lubricant world."
—Selim Erhan, Ph.D.
"…a superb reference for those who are new to or work in the field of environmentally fluids with the goal of producing cost-effective commercial products with performance properties equivalent to—or perhaps in some areas—even better properties than the corresponding petroleum-based products."
—Tribology & Lubrication Technology, December 2016
"The range of biobased products presented here is comprehensive, imaginative, based on good science, and with some products having surprisingly good lubrication properties."
—Chromatographia, January 2017
ADVANCED ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY BASE OILS AND FEEDSTOCKS
Farnesene-Derived Base Oils
Jeff Brown, Hyeok Hahn, Paula Vettel, and Jason Wells
Estolides: Bioderived Synthetic Base Oils
Jakob W. Bredsguard, Travis D. Thompson, Steven C. Cermak, and Terry A. Isbell
Effect of Structure on Viscosity and Pour Points of Epoxidized Soybean Oil Lubricants
Herman Benecke and Daniel Garbark
Isostearic Acids: Synthesis, Properties, and Process Development
Helen Ngo, Robert O Dunn, and Winnie C. Yee
Producing Monomers and Polymers from Plant Oils
Kenneth M. Doll, Bryan R. Moser, Zengshe Liu, and Rex E. Murray
BIOBASED HYDRAULIC LUBRICANTS AND BIODEGRADABILITY
Performance and Technical Requirements of Low–Environmental Impact Lubricants
Environmental Approach to Hydraulic Fluids
Gerhard Gaule and Ben Müller-Zermini
Environmentally Acceptable Hydraulic Lubricants
Jan Verdaasdonk, Bernard C. Roell, Jr., Anne Doyle, and Tyler Kutcha
Biodegradability and Ecotoxicity Evaluation of Lubricants
Jagadeesh K. Mannekote and Satish V. Kailas
CHEMICALLY/ENZYMATICALLY MODIFIED ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY BASE OILS
Biolubricants Production Catalyzed by Enzymes
José André Cavalcanti da Silva
Lipases as Biocatalyst for Production of Biolubricants
Jasneet Grewal and Sunil K. Khare
Synthetic Methodologies of Ester-Based Eco-Friendly, Biodegradable Lubricant Base Stocks for Industrial Applications
Shailesh N. Shah, Sayanti Ghosh, Lalit Kumar, Vivek Rathore, Shivanand M.
Pai, and Bharat L. Newalkar
VEGETABLE OIL–BASED ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY FLUIDS
Engineering and Technology of Environmentally Friendly Lubricants
Carlton J. Reeves, Pradeep L. Menezes, Michael R. Lovell, and Tien-Chien Jen
Thermo-Oxidative Stability of Base Oils for Green Lubricants
P. V. Joseph and Deepak Saxena
Vegetable Oils as Additive in the Formulation of Eco-Friendly Lubricant
Gobinda Karmakar and Pranab Ghosh
Vegetable Oil–Based Lubricant Additives
Padmaja V. Korlipara
ADDITIVES FOR ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY FLUIDS
Friction of Fatty Acids in Nanoscale Contacts
M. Ruths, S. M. Lundgren, and K. Persson
Additives for Biodegradable Lubricants
Daniel M. Vargo and Brian M. Lipowski
Micro- and Nano-TiO2, a Lubricant Additive for Environmentally Friendly Lubricants
Sudeep Ingole, Archana Charanpahari, and Suresh Umare
Biodiesel: A Fuel, a Lubricant, and a Solvent
Corrosion Protection of Steel by Thin Coatings of Starch–Oil Dry Lubricants
Victoria L. Finkenstadt, James A. Kenar, and George F. Fanta