Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants

1st Edition

Edited by Brajendra K. Sharma, Girma Biresaw

CRC Press

434 pages | 19 Color Illus. | 193 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482232028
pub: 2016-08-17
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A Comprehensive Review of Developing Environmentally Friendly Lubricants

A push from environmentally savvy consumers along with recent changes in governmental regulations have paved the way for a marketplace of products with high levels of environmental performance. Fueled by the growing demand for biobased lubricants, Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants highlights the development of environmentally friendly additives that are compatible with environmental regulations and describes the approaches being used in this emerging area.

Derived from research topics shared over the years at various technical sessions of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) Annual Meetings, the book includes a critical assessment of gaps and weaknesses in the field of environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants. Each chapter is written by authors selected from the environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants sessions of STLE and also incorporates input from prominent researchers invited to take part in the book. Expert contributors discuss the control, production, usage, and disposal of lubricants; factor in related policies, laws, and regulations around the world; and include case studies demonstrating the uses and values of commercially viable biobased lubricants.

The book is divided into five sections that cover advanced environmentally friendly base oils and feedstocks, biobased hydraulic lubricants and biodegradability, chemically/enzymatically modified environmentally friendly base oils, vegetable oil–based environmentally friendly fluids, and additives for environmentally friendly fluids.


"… a novel reference for R&D activities and suitable feed stocks to be used for the preparation of bio based lubricants."

—Dr. A. S. Sarpal, Inmetro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

"… a very thorough book on a current active scientific area. The editors have done a good job in selecting authors with expertise in their subject."

—Joseph M. Perez, Professor Emeritus, Tribology Group, Chemical Engineering Department,

Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA

"… a useful book for all who are working in this fascinating and important area of renewables. Full of references and novel approaches."

—Manfred Schneider, Bergische Universität, Wuppertal, Germany

"This book attempts to focus on recent developments in the field, building on accumulated knowledge over the years. Diversity in content and depth of research material discussed, this edition is uniquely positioned to appeal to new researchers in the field and subject matter experts alike."

—Dr. Atanu Adhvaryu, Afton Chemical Corporation

"… a broad spectrum of cutting-edge reports with interesting findings, based on innovative approaches and sound concepts."

—Svajus Joseph Asadauskas, Institute of Chemistry, CPST, Vilnius, Lithuania

"This book brings up-to-date information regarding biolubricants under one roof. Provides easy access to other relevant references. Brings topics that are not as well-known into discussion and consideration. A valuable addition to the lubricant world."

—Selim Erhan, Ph.D.

"…a superb reference for those who are new to or work in the field of environmentally fluids with the goal of producing cost-effective commercial products with performance properties equivalent to—or perhaps in some areas—even better properties than the corresponding petroleum-based products."

Tribology & Lubrication Technology, December 2016

"The range of biobased products presented here is comprehensive, imaginative, based on good science, and with some products having surprisingly good lubrication properties."

Chromatographia, January 2017

Table of Contents


Farnesene-Derived Base Oils

Jeff Brown, Hyeok Hahn, Paula Vettel, and Jason Wells

Estolides: Bioderived Synthetic Base Oils

Jakob W. Bredsguard, Travis D. Thompson, Steven C. Cermak, and Terry A. Isbell

Effect of Structure on Viscosity and Pour Points of Epoxidized Soybean Oil Lubricants

Herman Benecke and Daniel Garbark

Isostearic Acids: Synthesis, Properties, and Process Development

Helen Ngo, Robert O Dunn, and Winnie C. Yee

Producing Monomers and Polymers from Plant Oils

Kenneth M. Doll, Bryan R. Moser, Zengshe Liu, and Rex E. Murray


Performance and Technical Requirements of Low–Environmental Impact Lubricants

Hind Abi-Akar

Environmental Approach to Hydraulic Fluids

Gerhard Gaule and Ben Müller-Zermini

Environmentally Acceptable Hydraulic Lubricants

Jan Verdaasdonk, Bernard C. Roell, Jr., Anne Doyle, and Tyler Kutcha

Biodegradability and Ecotoxicity Evaluation of Lubricants

Jagadeesh K. Mannekote and Satish V. Kailas


Biolubricants Production Catalyzed by Enzymes

José André Cavalcanti da Silva

Lipases as Biocatalyst for Production of Biolubricants

Jasneet Grewal and Sunil K. Khare

Synthetic Methodologies of Ester-Based Eco-Friendly, Biodegradable Lubricant Base Stocks for Industrial Applications

Shailesh N. Shah, Sayanti Ghosh, Lalit Kumar, Vivek Rathore, Shivanand M.

Pai, and Bharat L. Newalkar


Engineering and Technology of Environmentally Friendly Lubricants

Carlton J. Reeves, Pradeep L. Menezes, Michael R. Lovell, and Tien-Chien Jen

Thermo-Oxidative Stability of Base Oils for Green Lubricants

P. V. Joseph and Deepak Saxena

Vegetable Oils as Additive in the Formulation of Eco-Friendly Lubricant

Gobinda Karmakar and Pranab Ghosh

Vegetable Oil–Based Lubricant Additives

Padmaja V. Korlipara


Friction of Fatty Acids in Nanoscale Contacts

M. Ruths, S. M. Lundgren, and K. Persson

Additives for Biodegradable Lubricants

Daniel M. Vargo and Brian M. Lipowski

Micro- and Nano-TiO2, a Lubricant Additive for Environmentally Friendly Lubricants

Sudeep Ingole, Archana Charanpahari, and Suresh Umare

Biodiesel: A Fuel, a Lubricant, and a Solvent

Gerard Knothe

Corrosion Protection of Steel by Thin Coatings of Starch–Oil Dry Lubricants

Victoria L. Finkenstadt, James A. Kenar, and George F. Fanta

About the Editors

Brajendra K. Sharma has served as a senior research engineer at the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC), Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign, since 2009. Dr. Sharma received a PhD in chemistry from the Indian Institute of Petroleum/Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University (India). Dr. Sharma is an associate technical editor of American Oil Chemists’ Society’s Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. Dr. Sharma holds five issued patents on biobased lubricants/additives and has authored/coauthored more than 140 peer-reviewed articles, proceedings, book chapters, and technical reports and more than 130 scientific abstracts.

Girma Biresaw received a PhD in physical organic chemistry from the University of California–

Davis, and spent four years as a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of California–Santa Barbara, investigating reaction kinetics and products in surfactant-based organized assemblies. He then joined the Aluminum Company of America as a scientist and conducted research in tribology, surface/colloid science, and adhesion for 12 years. Dr. Biresaw has authored/coauthored more than 270 invited and contributed scientific publications, including more than 80 peer-reviewed manuscripts, six patents, five edited books, more than 40 proceedings and book chapters, and more than 140 scientific abstracts.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels