What is the role of the environment, and of the information it provides, in cognition? More specifically, may there be a role for certain artefacts to play in this context? These are questions that motivate "4E" theories of cognition (as being embodied, embedded, extended, enactive). In his take on that family of views, Hajo Greif first defends and refines a concept of information as primarily natural, environmentally embedded in character, which had been eclipsed by information-processing views of cognition. He continues with an inquiry into the cognitive bearing of some artefacts that are sometimes referred to as 'intelligent environments'. Without necessarily having much to do with Artificial Intelligence, such artefacts may ultimately modify our informational environments.
With respect to human cognition, the most notable effect of digital computers is not that they might be able, or become able, to think but that they alter the way we perceive, think and act.
The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9781315401867, has been made available under a Creative Commons CC-BY licence
"An absorbing volume that integrates an extraordinarily wide area of work, with interesting observations and new twists right to the end."
Ruth Millikan, University of Connecticut, USA
I Informational Environments
Information, Behaviour, and Probability
The Content of Natural Information, and Some Discontent
Natural Information and the Roots of Intentionality
Perception as Information Processing: The Computational View
Information Specifies Affordances: The Ecological View
Perceptual Illusions vs. Misperception: The Empirical Strategy
Natural Information and Reference Classes
Resurrection at Last
History, Ecology, Environment
Adapting Ecological Niches
Construction and Constitution
Environmental Information and the Use of Cognition
What Informational Environments Are
How Informational Environments Change
II Environments of Intelligence
The Extension of Functional Histories
The Constitution of Cognitive Extensions
The Art of Coupling, Basic and Advanced
Being Guided by Pictures
Cognitive Artefacts and Informational Environments
Convergence and Isomorphism
Evolutionary and Cognitive Robotics
Embodied Conversational Agents and Social Robotics
Mixed Reality Games
Naturalising the Artificial
10 Afterthoughts on Conceptual Analysis and Human Nature
A Domain for Conceptual Analysis
A Naturalist’s View of Human Nature and Machines
Even though technoscientific research is as old as alchemy and pharmacy, agricultural research and synthetic chemistry, philosophers of science had little to say about it until recently. This book series is the first to explicitly accept the challenge to study not just technical aspects of theory development and hypothesis testing but the specific ways in which knowledge is produced in a technological setting. When one seeks to achieve basic capabilities of manipulation, visualization, or predictive control, how are problems defined and research fields established, what kinds of explanations are sought, how are findings validated, what are the contributions of different kinds of expertise, how do epistemic and social values enter into the research process? And most importantly for civic observers of contemporary research: how is robustness and reliability achieved even in the absence of complete scientific understanding?
Editorial Board: Hanne Andersen (University of Copenhagen), Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (University of Paris, Sorbonne), Martin Carrier (University of Bielefeld), Graeme Gooday (University of Leeds), Don Howard (University of Notre Dame), Ann Johnson (Cornell University), Cyrus Mody (Maastricht University), Maureen O'Malley (University of Sydney), Roger Strand (University of Bergen), Nancy Tuana (Pennsylvania State University).
Read Environments of Intelligence - Open Access. Open Access content has been made available under a Creative Commons CC-BY license.