Epidemiological criminology is an emerging paradigm which explores the public health outcomes associated with engagement in crime and criminal justice. This book engages with this new theory and practice-based discipline drawing on knowledge from criminology, criminal justice, public health, epidemiology, public policy, and law to illustrate how the merging of epidemiology into the field of criminology allows for the work of both disciplines to be more interdisciplinary, evidence-based, enriched and expansive.
This book brings together an innovative group of exemplary researchers and practitioners to discuss applications and provide examples of epidemiological criminology. It is divided into three sections; the first explores the integration of epidemiology and criminology through theory and methods, the second section focuses on special populations in epidemiological criminology research and the role of race, ethnicity, age, gender and space as it plays out in health outcomes among offenders and victims of crime, and the final section explores the role policy and practice plays in worsening and improving the health outcomes among those engaged in the criminal justice system.
Epidemiological Criminology is the first text to bring together, in one source, the existing interdisciplinary work of academics and professionals that merge the fields of criminology and criminal justice to public health and epidemiology. It will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of criminology, epidemiology, and public health, as well as clinical psychologists, law and government policy analysts and those working within the criminal justice system.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Timothy Akers and Eve Waltermaurer 1. Understanding Health Disparaties in an Age of Mass Imprisonment, Bryan Sykes and Pierre Vachon 2. Applying Criminological Theory to Understand Health Outcomes, Victoria Frye and Phillip T. Yanos 3. The Social Interaction between Crime, Infectious Disease and Community Level Epidemiology, Jeffrey A. Walsh and Jessie Krienert 4. Criminological Epidemiology or Epidemiological Criminology: Integrating National Surveillance Systems, Timothy Akers 5. Applying Epidemiological Criminology to Understand the Health Outcomes of Police Officers, Eve Waltermaurer 6. Epidemiological Criminology: At the Crossroads of Youth Violence Prevention, Paul Juarez 7. The Multiple Risks of U.S. Black American Males: A Priority Case for Criminogenic Health Disparaties, Carl Hill and Tawana Cummings 8. Crime and Victimization in the Latino Community, Venus Gines and William Hervey 9. The Health Crisis Among Incarcerated Women and Girls, Joanne E. Belknap and Elizabeth Whalley 10. The Epidemiology of Eldery Victimization, Ronet Bachman 11. Child Victimization: The Evolution of Gand-Hybrid Families and Violence, Stacy Smith and Kevin Daniels 12. Health Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence, Louise-Anne McNutt 13. Youth and School Violence: An Epidemiological Criminology Perspective, Alexander Crosby, Jeffrey Hall and Sharyn Parks 14. Chronic Disease Within Correctional Facilities, Roberto Potter 15. Infectious Disease in State Prisons, Soffiyah Elijah, Scott Paltrowitz and Jack Beck 16. Mental Health Among Inmates, David X. Williams 17. Leveraging Technology to Enhance Corrections-Health and Human Service Information Sharing and Offender Reentry, Adam K. Matz 18. Criminal Justice Policy: Health Disparities, Karen Bouye 19. Health and Social Policy: An Evidence-Based Imperative for Epidemiological Criminology, Thomas W. Brewer, Krystel Tossone & Jonathan VanGeest 20. A Guide to Violence Prevention within the Juvenile Justice System: Applying the Epidemiological Criminology Framework, Scott A. Rowan, Aaron Mendelson & Timothy A. Akers 21.Cure Violence: A Disease Control Approach to Reduce Violence and Change Behaviour, Charles L. Ransford, Candice Kane & Gary Slutkin 22. Why and How Neighbourhoods Matter for Health: An Epidemiological Criminology Framework,m Eileen E. S. Bjornstrom
Eve Waltermaurer is currently the Director of Criminology at the State University of New York (SUNY) New Paltz. In addition, she is the Director of Research and Evaluation for SUNY New Paltz’ Center for Research, Regional Engagement and Outreach (CRREO). Prior to her current position at SUNY New Paltz, Dr. Waltermaurer worked as a Public Health Epidemiologist at the Violence Prevention Unit of the New York City Department of Health.
Timothy A. Akers is a Professor of Public Health and Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research in the School of Computer, Mathematical and Natural Sciences at Morgan State University (MSU) in Baltimore, Maryland. Professionally, Dr. Akers' career has spanned both public health and criminal justice, where he was a former Senior Behavioral Scientist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and has worked in law enforcement, community-based corrections, the prison system, and as a planning and research analyst for a municipal police agency.