This book analyses the behaviour of ethnic minority groups in China using the first comprehensive national dataset dedicated to capturing the socio-economic profile of ethnic minorities: the China Household Ethnicity Survey (CHES).
Managing ethnic diversity in China has become an increasingly important subject, especially against the backdrop of the nation’s rampant economic growth and changing institutional behaviour. The book has an analytical interest in looking at the benefactors of China’s growth from an ethnic group dimension, and notably, how the economic life of the 55 ethnic minority groups compares to the Han majority. It’s one of the first publications to capture the heterogeneity of ethnic minority groups’ socio-economic experience, through intersectional analysis and multi-disciplinary approaches. Contributing factors in explaining ethnic minorities’ experiences in the urban labour market are also considered: from how linguistic capital and migration patterns vary for ethnic minorities, to the effects of pro-rural policies. Underpinning these are questions about the extent to which happiness and discrimination impact the economic life of ethnic minorities.
Ethnicity and Inequality in China will prove an invaluable resource for students and scholars of economics, sociology and contemporary Chinese Studies more broadly.
Table of Contents
1. Ethnicity and Inequality in China: An Introduction
Björn Gustafsson, Reza Hasmath and Ding Sai
2. Ethnic Income Gaps in Seven Rural Regions of China
Björn Gustafsson and Ding Sai
3. Linguistic Capital: Links to Information Access and Economic Opportunity among Rural Young Adults in Western China
Emily Hannum and Hua-Yu Sebastian Cherng
4. Ethnic Minority Group Differences in the Transitions from Work to "Retirement" of Western China’s Rural Elders
Rachel Connelly and Margaret Maurer-Fazio
5. The Redistributive Impact of Pro-rural Policies in the Western Ethnic Minority Regions of ChinaHiroshi Sato and Yanzhong Wang
Hiroshi Sato and Yanzhong Wang
6. Rural Public Goods Provision in the Western Ethnic Minority Regions of China
Keqiang Li and Hiroshi Sato
7. Minorities in Rural China: Poorer but Inherently Happier?
John Knight, Li Shi and Yuan Chang
8. Labour Market Outcomes of Ethnic Minorities in Urban China
9. Discrimination in Ethnic Minority Earnings? Evidence from Urban China
Andrew MacDonald and Reza Hasmath
10. Determinants of Han-Minority Urban Income Inequality
Samuel L. Myers, Jr., Keqiang Li, Yuancheng Li, Gregory N. Price and Man Xu
11. Investigating the Patterns and Determinants of Han and Ethnic Minority Household Migration in China
Anthony Howell, Ding Sai and Björn Gustafsson
12. Poverty Among Han and Ethnic Minorities in Seven Regions of China
Björn Gustafsson, Ding Sai and Hiroshi Sato
Björn A. Gustafsson is a Senior Professor at the Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. At the same university he received a Ph.D. in economics in 1979. He is also a Research Fellow at the Institute of Labor Economics (IZA, Bonn, Germany. Gustafsson’s research covers studies of social assistance, poverty, the distribution of income, economic aspects on immigrants /ethnic minorities. His research had first an emphasis on circumstances in Sweden. In the 1990s he joined the China Household Income Project (CHIP) which has resulted in a large number of publications on China. Several of them are focused on the economic situation of ethnic minorities.
Sai Ding is a Professor at the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. She has a long experience of doing economic research on ethnic minorities in China and has published widely on the topic in Chinese and English.
Reza Hasmath (Ph.D., Cambridge) is a Full Professor in Political Science at the University of Alberta. He has previously held faculty positions in management, sociology and political science at the Universities of Toronto, Melbourne and Oxford, and has worked for think- tanks, consultancies, development agencies, and NGOs in USA, Canada, UK, Australia and China. His award-winning research examines the integration and life course experiences (e.g. from education to the labour market) of ethnic minorities in various global contexts.
"This is a theoretically informed and empirically grounded research into a wide range of issues on ethnicity and inequality in China. The contributors, who are established scholars and emerging young research stars in the field, turn a reflective and critical eye on changes and challenges in ethnic policies and practices in China. A gift to teachers, researchers, policy analysts, and students interested in ethnicity in China." - Professor Xiaowei Zang, City University of Hong Kong