The period between 1830 and 1880 was one of immense activity, radical political change, and striking economic and social growth in Europe. The major themes of the struggles between individuals, parties and classes within the state, and between the states themselves are explored within the context of a study of the administration, organisation and growth of European society.
The whole book has been fully revised and updated, particularly the section on German history. Professor Hearder has also given greater consideration to many important issues, such as, popular movements of protest and insurrection, life-styles, and the role of women.
List of Maps Preface 1. The Sources 2. Europe in 1830 3. Political Ideas 4. The Growth of Industry 5. Agriculture and Commerce 6. The Conditions of the Masses 7. The life-style of the upper classes 8. Diplomacy and Wars 9 France: Still the seed-bed of ideologies 10. Britain: The Mother of Parliaments and the Source of Industrialization 11. Iron and Blood: The Unification of Germany 12. A Nation Born of Conflict: The Unification of Italy 13. Experiments in Moderation: Belgium, Holland and Switzerland 14. A Sad Anachronism: Austria-Hungary 15. Societies in Torment: Russia and Poland Under the Tsars 16. The Stubborn Survival of the 'Sick Man': The Ottoman Empire and the Balkan States 17. Europe and the World 18. Education, Scholarship, Science and Religion 19. Literature and the Arts 20. Europe in 1880 Bibliography Maps Index