Experimental Hydraulics: Methods, Instrumentation, Data Processing and Management: Volume II: Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Experimental Hydraulics: Methods, Instrumentation, Data Processing and Management

Volume II: Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, 1st Edition

Edited by Jochen Aberle, Colin Rennie, David Admiraal, Marian Muste

CRC Press

410 pages

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pub: 2017-07-31
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Description

This is the second volume of a two-volume guide to designing, conducting and interpreting laboratory and field experiments in a broad range of topics associated with hydraulic engineering. Specific guidance is provided on methods and instruments currently used in experimental hydraulics, with emphasis on new and emerging measurement technologies and methods of analysis. Additionally, this book offers a concise outline of essential background theory, underscoring the intrinsic connection between theory and experiments. This book is much needed, as experimental hydraulicians have had to refer to guidance scattered in scientific papers or specialized monographs on essential aspects of laboratory and fieldwork practice.

The book is the result of the first substantial effort in the community of hydraulic engineering to describe in one place all the components of experimental hydraulics. Included is the work of a team of more than 45 professional experimentalists, who explore innovative approaches to the vast array of experiments of differing complexity encountered by today’s hydraulic engineer, from laboratory to field, from simple but well-conceived to complex and well-instrumented. The style of this book is intentionally succinct, making frequent use of convenient summaries, tables and examples to present information. All researchers, practitioners, and students conducting or evaluating experiments in hydraulics will find this book useful.

Table of Contents

Volume II

1 Introduction

1.1 Book Overview

1.2 The Role of Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques

1.3 Approach

1.4 Structure of Volume II

References

2 Flow Visualization

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Fundamentals

2.3 Flow Visualization Techniques

2.4 Visualization of Flows Near Solid Surfaces

2.5 Understanding Flow Topology from Flow Visualization Data

2.A Appendix

3 Velocity

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Acoustic Backscattering Instruments (ABIs) for Fine-Scale Flow Measurements

3.3 Acoustic Instruments for Mean Flow Characterization in Field Conditions: Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCP)

3.4 Acoustic Travel-Time Tomography

3.A Appendix

3.5 Point Velocimeters for Field Applications

3.6 Laser-Doppler Velocimetry/Anemometry

3.B Appendix

3.7 Image-Based Velocimetry Methods

3.C Appendix

3.8 High-Frequency Radar

3.9 Drifters and Drogues

3.10 Dilution Method

References

4 Topography and Bathymetry

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Terrestrial Laser Scanning: Topographic Measurement and Modelling

4.3 Ultrasonic Sensing

4.4 Photogrammetry

4.5 Other Surface Profiling Methods

4.6 Grain Size Distribution

4.A Appendix

References

5 Sediment Transport

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Bedload

5.3 Suspended Load

5.A Appendix

References

6 Auxiliary Hydraulic Variables

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Water Depth

6.3 Water Surface and Bed Slope

6.4 Pressure

6.5 Bed Shear Stress

6.6 Drag Forces

References

7 Discharge

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Intrusive Flowmeters

7.3 Non-Intrusive Flowmeters

7.4 Discrete Streamflow Measurements Based on Velocity Integration

7.5 Continuous Streamflow Monitoring Using Stage Measurements

7.6 Continuous Streamflow Monitoring Using Velocity Measurements

7.7 Practical Issues

References

8 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles as Platforms for Experimental Hydraulics

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

8.3 Horizontal and Vertical Positioning

8.4 Vehicle and Mission Design Considerations for Data Collection

8.5 Mapping Under Ice

References

About the Editors

Dr. Jochen Aberle is Professor at the Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany, and Adjunct Professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. His research expertise includes river morphology, sediment transport, rough bed flows, flow-vegetation-sediment interaction, fluid-structure interaction, and experimental methods in the field and laboratory. Dr. Aberle has published more than 100 articles in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Hydraulic Research, and was chair of the IAHR Experimental Methods and Instrumentation Committee.

Colin D. Rennie is a Professor of Civil Engineering, at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He has expertise in areas of river morphology and engineering, environmental hydraulics, sediment transport, turbulence, and aquatic habitat. His research focuses on channel morphodynamics and mixing processes, utilizing high-resolution field measurements with acoustic instruments, laboratory physical models, and three-dimensional numerical modelling. He has published 150+ refereed articles, including papers in premiere journals such as Nature. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, and a past-Chair of the IAHR Experimental Methods and Instrumentation Committee.

David M. Admiraal is an Associate Professor in the Civil Engineering Department at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. His research expertise includes laboratory and field investigations of sediment transport, river hydraulics, and hydraulic structures. Most of his work incorporates experimental modeling. Dr. Admiraal has over 50 journal and conference publications in a wide variety of hydraulic engineering topics. He is actively involved in ASCE's Technical Committee on Hydraulic Measurements and Experimentation and has served as the chair of the committee. He has also acted as co-chair for two conferences on Hydraulic Measurements and Experimental Methods.

Marian V. Muste is Research Engineer with the Iowa Institute of Hydroscience and Engineering, and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Iowa. Dr. Muste’s areas of research include experimental river mechanics (laboratory and field investigations), instrumentation development and implementation (image-, acoustic-, and laser-based), uncertainty analysis, and hydroinformatics. He is author or co-author of more than 185 peer-reviewed journal and conference papers and 75 technical reports. Dr. Muste is expert for UNESCO’s International Hydrologic Program and World Meteorological Organization Commission for Hydrology projects. He was chair for the Experimental Methods and Instrumentation, and is a former Vice-president of the International Association of Hydro-Environmental Engineering and Research.

About the Series

IAHR Monographs

IAHR Book Series Discount
Taylor & Francis and Routledge Books are pleased to offer all IAHR members 20% discount on all books published in the IAHR Series (Monographs and Design Manuals) and 10% discount on all other books published by Taylor and Francis. If you are member of IAHR please contact membership@iahr.org to receive the discount code.

Aims & Scope
An important function of any large international organisation representing the research, educational and practical components of its wide and varied membership is to disseminate the best elements of its discipline through learned works, specialised research publications and timely reviews. IAHR is particularly well-served in this regard by its flagship journals and the extensive and wide body of substantive historical and reflective books that have been published through its auspices over the years. The IAHR Book Series is an initiative of IAHR, in partnership with CRC Press/Balkema-Taylor & Francis Group, aimed at presenting the state-of-the-art in themes relating to all areas of hydro-environment engineering and research.
The Book Series will assist researchers and professionals working in research and practice by bridging the knowledge gap and by improving knowledge transfer among groups involved in research, education and development. This Book Series includes Design Manuals and Monographs. The Design Manuals contain practical works, theory applied to practice based on multi-authors' work; the Monographs cover reference works, theoretical and state of the art works.

Peter A. Davies, Series Editor

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009110
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Dams & Reservoirs