Explorations in Urban and Regional Dynamics: A case study in complexity science (Hardback) book cover

Explorations in Urban and Regional Dynamics

A case study in complexity science

By Joel Dearden, Alan Wilson

© 2015 – Routledge

128 pages | 76 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781138019140
pub: 2015-04-02
$163.00
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315779126
pub: 2015-03-27
from $54.95
$38.47


FREE Standard Shipping!
Look Inside

Description

The task of modelling the evolution of cities – the dynamics – is one of the major challenges of the social sciences. This book presents mathematical and computer models of urban and regional dynamics and shows how advances in computer visualisation provide new insights. Models of non-linear systems in general have three characteristics: multiple equilibria, ‘path dependence’ over time and phase transitions – that is, abrupt change at critical parameter values. These phenomena all exhibit themselves in reality, and it is an ongoing task to match model-based analysis with real phenomena.

There are three key features of cities and regions to be represented in models: activities at a location – residence, health, education, work and shopping; flows between locations – spatial interaction; and the structures that carry these activities – buildings, transport and communications networks. Spatial interaction and many elements of activities’ location can be modelled by statistical averaging procedures, which are related to Boltzmann’s methods in statistical mechanics. This is while the evolution of structure can be represented in equations that connect to the Lotka-Volterra equations in ecology.

Within this broad framework, alternative approaches can be brought to bear. This book uses entropy-maximising versions of spatial interaction models. The authors explore the dynamics in more detail, using advanced visualisation techniques. These ideas have wide potential uses, and the book illustrates this with applications in history and archaeology.

Table of Contents

1. The BLV paradigm for urban and regional dynamics 2. Visualisation as a key to understanding dynamics 3. Phase transitions and path dependence 4. The possibility cone of development: urban DNA 5. Adding dynamics to the Lowry model 6. BLV and agent-based modelling 7. Gaming with urban models 8. Future research

About the Authors

Joel Dearden is a Research Officer in Computer Science at Swansea University, UK.

Alan Wilson is Professor of Urban and Regional Systems in the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis at University College London, UK.

About the Series

Routledge Advances in Regional Economics, Science and Policy

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS000000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / General
BUS020000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Business Development
BUS072000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Sustainable Development