This book concentrates on the role of commercialized intermediary actors in migration. It seeks to understand how these actors shape migration and mobility patterns through the services they offer.
In addressing the role that migration industries play in migration, the book uses diverse examples such as labour market brokers and recruitment agencies from Eastern Europe to the United Kingdom; Latvian migration to Norway; super-rich lifestyle brokers; international students agents; the Global Mobility Industry for corporate expatriates; skilled migrant intermediaries; and those providing services to West African migrants coming to Europe or Indonesians leaving for Malaysia. Through these examples, the contributors examine the actors in migration industries, showing how they respond to and shape migration trends. They also consider how migration industries operate, manoeuvre and interact with government policy on migration management. Finally, the book looks at how migration industries enable certain forms of migration through enticement, facilitation and control, translating into specific migration trajectories and im/mobility.
Providing examples from across the world, this book analyses how charities, businesses, sub-contractors, informal recruitment agencies, and other actors help to shape migration processes, and it will be of interest to those studying not only the causes of migration, but also the migration process itself. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction: New directions in exploring the migration industries
Sophie Cranston, Joris Schapendonk and Ernst Spaan
1. Oiling the wheels? Flexible labour markets and the migration industry
David McCollum and Allan Findlay
2. Facilitating labour migration from Latvia: strategies of various categories of intermediaries
Oksana Žabko, Aadne Aasland and Sylvi Birgit Endresen
3. Enabling, structuring and creating elite transnational lifestyles: intermediaries of the super-rich and the elite mobilities industry
Sin Yee Koh and Bart Wissink
4. Adapting to change in the higher education system: international student mobility as a migration industry
Suzanne E. Beech
5. Calculating the migration industries: knowing the successful expatriate in the Global Mobility Industry
6. Intermediaries and destination reputations: explaining flows of skilled migration
William S. Harvey, Dimitria Groutsis and Diane van den Broek
7. Navigating the migration industry: migrants moving through an African-European web of facilitation/control
8. Migration decision-making and migration industry in the Indonesia–Malaysia corridor
Ernst Spaan and Ton van Naerssen
Sophie Cranston is a Lecturer in Human Geography at Loughborough University, UK. Her research interests include skilled international migration, the Global Mobility Industry and the relationship between youth mobility and global identities.
Joris Schapendonk is Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography, Planning and Environment at Radboud University, The Netherlands; and researcher at the Nijmegen Centre for Border Research. His research concentrates on African im/mobility trajectories and European borders.
Ernst Spaan is Assistant Professor of International Public Health at the Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, The Netherlands. His research interests concern population and development, international migration systems, environmental change impacts on health and livelihoods, and health systems reform in developing countries.