211 pages | 54 B/W Illus.
Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics provides powerful tools departing not from empirical or statistical considerations but from fundamental thermodynamic laws, proposing final solutions that are readily usable and recognizable for students, researchers and industry. The book deals with methods that allow combining easily the present theory with other fields of science, such as fluid and solid mechanics, heat and mass transfer processes, electricity and thermoelectricity, and so on. Not only are such combinations facilitated, but they are incorporated into the developments in such a way that they become part of the theory. This book aims at providing for a systematic presentation of Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in nanosystems with a high degree of applicability. Furthermore, the book deals with how physical properties of systems behave as a function of their size. Moreover, it provides for a systematic approach to understand the behavior of thermal, electrical, thermoelectric, photovoltaic and nanofluid properties in nanosystems. Experimental results are used to validate the theory, the comparison is analysed, justified and discussed, and the theory is then again used to understand better experimental observations. The new developments in this book, being recognizable in relation with familiar concepts, should make it appealing for academics and researchers to teach and apply and graduate students to use. The text in this book is intended to bring attention to how the theory can be applied to real-life applications in nanoscaled environments. Case studies, and applications of theories, are explored including thereby nanoporous systems, solar panels, nanomedicine drug permeation and properties of nanoporous scaffolds.
Part I: General Considerations. 1. Extended Non-Equilibrium Thhermodynamics: Constitutive Equations at Small Length Scales and High Frequencies. 2. Heat Transfer in Nanomaterials. 3. Heat Conduction in Nanocomposites. Part II: Selectd Applications. 4. Thermal Rectifier Efficiency of Various Bulk-Nanoporous Silicon Devices. 5. Thermoelectric Devices. 6. Enhancement of the Thermal Conductivity in Nanofluids and the Role of Viscosity. 7. Nanoporous Flow and Permeability. 8. Opto-Thermoelectric Coupling for Photovoltaic Energy. Part III: Advanced Applications and Perspectives. 9. Optimal Enhancement of Photovoltaic Energy by Coupling to a Cooled Nanocomposite Thermoelectric Hybrid System. 10. Nanomedicine: Permeation of Drug Delivery Through Cell Membrane. 11. Self-Assembled Nanostructures as Building Blocks for Nanomedicine Carriers: Thermal and Electric Conductance.