Extreme Right Activists in Europe: Through the magnifying glass (Paperback) book cover

Extreme Right Activists in Europe

Through the magnifying glass

By Bert Klandermans, Nonna Mayer

© 2006 – Routledge

328 pages

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Paperback: 9780415494434
pub: 2009-02-01
Hardback: 9780415358279
pub: 2005-10-03
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780203004395
pub: 2005-11-16
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About the Book

Since the 1980s, one of the main political changes in Western Europe has been the electoral upsurge of extreme right-wing parties. However, while the electoral support of these movements has been studied extensively, their membership has largely been ignored. This book examines who joins the extreme right and why?

Drawing upon extensive research and featuring contributions from distinguished social psychologists and political scientists, this book provides the most detailed comparative study yet published of the psychology of right-wing extremist activists. Countries discussed include Germany, The Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and France.

Table of Contents



Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

Chapter 1: Right-wing Extremism as a Social Movement

Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

Chapter 2: Links with the Past

Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

Chapter 3: Context, Alliances and Conflict

Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

Chapter 4: Political Demand and Supply

Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

Chapter 5: Writing Life Histories: Interviewing Extreme Right-wing Activists


Chapter 6: Italy: The Offspring of Fascism

Patrizia Milesi, Antonello Chirumbolo, and Patrizia Catellani

Chapter 7: France: a Two Centuries Old Galaxy

Valérie Lafont

Chapter 8: Extreme Right-wing Activism in the Flemish Part of Belgium: Manifestation of Racism or Nationalism?

Hans De Witte

Chapter 9: ‘Doing it for Germany’: A Study of Die Republikaner and Junge Freiheit

Ludger Klein and Bernd Simon

Chapter 10: The Netherlands: Stigmatized Outsiders

Bert Klandermans and Annette Linden

Chapter 11: One Root, Different Branches: Identity, Injustice, and Schism

Patrizia Catellani, Patrizia Milesi, and Alberto Crescentini

Chapter 12: Identity in German Right-Wing Extremism: Levels, Functions, and Processes

Ludger Klein and Bernd Simon

Chapter 13: DO Right and Left-wing Extremists HAVE Anything in Common?

Antonio Chirumbolo, Nonna Mayer and Hans De Witte

Chapter 14: Through the Magnifying Glass: The World of Extreme Right Activists

Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer


Appendix I: Samples

Appendix II: Interview Scheme

Appendix III: Code Book

List of Tables, Graphs and Figures

Figure 9.1 Left-Right-Scale: Self-placement with regard to political orientation

Figure 11.1 Levels of political identity and their salience in extreme right-wing activists’ discourse as a function of party size.

Figure 12.1 A Typography of Right-Wing Extremist Collective Identity: The Case of the German Republikaner

Graph 13.1

Graph 13.2

Graph 13.3

Graph 13.4

Graph 13.5

Graph 13.6

Table 1.1 Party and voters scores on 10 point left-right scale in 1994

Table 4.1 Electoral and organizational strength of RWE parties

Table 5.1 Interview scheme

Table 5.2 Codebook Summary

Table 7.1 Joining the FN and the MNR (in per cent)

Table 9.1 Factors promoting the accessibility of national frames

Table 13.1 Scores on authoritarian ethnocentrism scale by location on left right scale

Table 13.2 Attitudes towards authority and power by location on left right scale

Table 13.3 Levels of authoritarianism among left (LWE) and rightwing (RWE) extremists

Table 13.4 Scores of LWE and RWE on scales of anti-system and anti-parliamentary attitudes

Table 13.5 Law and order and need for a strong and powerful leader among LWE and RWE

Table 13.6 Scores of LWE and RWE on scales of anti-immigration and racist attitudes

Table 13.7 Scores of LWE and RWE on scales of nationalism and cultural pluralism

Table 13.8 Scores [of LWE and RWE?] on economic attitudes scales

Table 13.9 Scores of LWE and RWE on Social Value Inventory

Table 13.10 Motives for membership of LWE and RWE

Table 13.11 Scores of LWE and RWE on seven attitude scales

Table 13.12 Scores of LWE and RWE on four value orientations

About the Series

Extremism and Democracy

This new series encompasses academic studies within the broad fields of 'extremism' and 'democracy'. These topics have traditionally been considered largely in isolation by academics. A key focus of the series, therefore, is the (inter-) relation between extremism and democracy. Works will seek to answer questions such as to what extent extremist groups pose a major threat to democratic parties, or how can democracy respond to extremism without undermining its own democratic credentials?

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Ideologies / Democracy
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Process / General