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Extreme and Rare Sports: Performance Demands, Drivers, Functional Foods, and Nutrition




ISBN 9781138091443
Published May 24, 2019 by CRC Press
406 Pages 6 Color & 6 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Two crucial components of a healthy life are nutrition and exercise. The importance of appropriate diet, food and nutrition are extremely important to be successful in sports, and, especially, in extreme sports. Extreme sport is an activity where a participant must demonstrate both mental and physical skills. This type of activity provides an adrenaline rush to individuals who are part of the "community of extreme sportsmen."

Extreme sports provide opportunity for individuals to be active and fit with added enjoyment of partaking in a fun activity. Extreme sports in conjunction with proper nutrition helps to boost immunity and resistance against common infections. Studies have also exhibited that sports and exercise activities help in managing effective work-life balance as well.

Extreme and Rare Sports: Performance Demands, Drivers, Functional Foods, and Nutrition provides a comprehensive treatise on extreme sports emphasizing the importance of nutrition and research-driven nutraceutical supplements in injury prevention and treatment. The book presents information on the nutritional requirements of sports activities on land, in water, or with high altitude-base. It covers a wide variety of definitions, philosophies, thoughts and practices involved with structurally diverse extreme sports.

Features:

  • Discusses specific food and nutritional requirements in extreme sports
  • Provides information on the importance of functional foods, nutrition and structurally diverse phytonutrients for different sports
  • Features information on Olympic and diverse extreme sports
  • Details the importance of hydration and use of gelatin; skeletal muscle damage and recovery from eccentric contractions; and information on dietary supplements and antioxidants
  • Presents analysis on growth, marketing, techniques, and future of extreme sports

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface …………………………………………………………………………………….xi

Editors …………………………………………………………………………………….xv

Contributors …………………………………………………………..……………….xvii

Section I Introduction to Extreme Sports

Chapter 1 Extreme Endurance Sports – Why Not Just Sports? ..…………….3

David Townes

Section II Extreme Sports: Swimming,

Contact, and Combat Sports and

Factors Affecting Extreme Sports

Chapter 2 Open-Water Swimming ……………………………………………………..…. 11

Paola Zamparo, Roberto Baldassarre, Marco Bonifazi, and

Maria Francesca Piacentini

Chapter 3 Contact and Combat Sports: Sports Nutrition Benefits …………..……. 35

Jonathan Mike

Chapter 4 An Overview on the Nutritional Requirements for Athletes

Engaged in Extreme Endurance Events ……………………………………..…………….49

Chad Kerksick

Section III Overview of Food and

Nutritional Requirements

for Diverse Extreme Sports

Chapter 5 Functional Foods: Role in Endurance Sports …………………………………. 73

Kamesh Venkatakrishnan and Chin-Kun Wang

Chapter 6 Prosthetics and Limb Health in Extreme Sports ……………………………. 115

Sashwati Roy, Shomita S. Mathew-Steiner, and Chandan K. Sen

Chapter 7 Nutritional Requirements in Extreme Sports ………………………………..127

Matthew Butawan, Jade L. Caldwell, and Richard J. Bloomer

Chapter 8 Dietary Supplements for Use in Extreme Sports ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 143

Nicholas J.G. Smith, Matthew Butawan, and Richard J. Bloomer

Chapter 9 Intake of Selected Nutrients and Some Morphological and

Biochemical Blood Parameters of Professional Athletes ………………………………. 177

Estera Nowacka-Polaczyk, Teresa Leszczyńska, Aneta Kopeć,

and Jerzy Zawistowski

Chapter 10 Testosterone in Sport: The Androgen Response to Extreme

Endurance Exercise ……………………………………………………………………………… 193

Jake Shelley, Christopher Howe, Hannah Jayne Moir, and

Andrea Petróczi

Chapter 11 Physical Performance and Antioxidants ……………………………………. 205

Wataru Aoi and Yuji Naito

Section IV Olympic Sports and Evolution

of Current Extreme Sports

Chapter 12 Greek Olympic Sports: The Beginning of Modern

Extreme Sports ………………………………………………………………………………………. 219

Sourya Datta and Debasis Bagchi

Chapter 13 An Overview of Extreme Sports ……………………………………………….…. 237

Sourya Datta and Debasis Bagchi

Chapter 14 An Overview of Challenging Mountain and High Altitude Sports …………. 259

Sourya Datta and Debasis Bagchi

Chapter 15 Structurally Diverse Water Sports in Extreme Conditions …………………….277

Sourya Datta and Debasis Bagchi

Section V Importance of Hydration

and Use of Gelatin

Chapter 16 An Overview on the Beneficial Effects of Hydration …………………………….297

Douglas S. Kalman

Chapter 17 Versatile Use of Gelatin in Functional Food and Nutraceuticals………………..... 311

Douglas S. Kalman

Section VI Impact of Eccentric Exercise

on Muscle and Adaption

of Body and Muscles

Chapter 18 Skeletal Muscle Damage and Recovery from Eccentric

Contractions......................................................................................................... 321

Eisuke Ochi and Yosuke Tsuchiya

Section VII Growth, Marketing Techniques,

and Future of Extreme Sports

Chapter 19 Extreme Sports: Growth Prospect, Marketing Potential, and

Opportunities: A Commentary........................................................................... 341

Sourya Datta and Debasis Bagchi

Index ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 353

...
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Editor(s)

Biography

Sourya Datta is part of the Strategic Deals team at Apple where he is responsible

for managing the procurement of a number of components for Apple. Prior to

joining Apple, he managed the finances for eBay’s North American division. This

included managing P&L, budgeting, forecasting, and closing the month and quarters

for eBay. He was also responsible for leading the analytics for Latam and Canada for

eBay. Prior to that, Sourya was the supply chain manager in the Business Operations

and Strategy Group at eBay. He received his Masters in Business Administration

from the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in Operations and his Bachelors of

Engineering from Anna University, India, and worked in various consulting firms

before doing his MBA. Sourya was featured in Poets and Quants as one of the best

MBAs in 2015 and has won a number of awards in his tenure at eBay.

He is an avid sports fan and has completed a number of marathons and Spartan

races since 2007. He has been swimming since he was seven years old and has

participated in and won numerous state level competitions. He has also taken active

part in mountaineering and trekking since he was in elementary school. He has

participated in various marathons in California and has been intricately associated

with nutrition and functional food requirements for sports performance. He is also

the author of two chapters in Developing New Functional Food and Nutraceutical

Products that was published by Elsevier/Academic Press in October 2016.

He is also the author of a chapter in the second edition of Nutrition and Enhanced

Sports Performance published by Elsevier/Academic Press in September 2018.

 

Debasis Bagchi, PhD, MACN, CNS, MAIChE, received his PhD in Medicinal

Chemistry in 1982. He is the director of scientific affairs at Victory Nutrition

International, Inc., Lederach, Pennsylvania; a professor in the Department of

Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Houston College

of Pharmacy, Houston, Texas, and, an adjunct faculty member in Texas Southern

University, Houston, Texas. He served as the senior vice president of Research &

Development of InterHealth Nutraceuticals Inc, Benicia, California, from 1998

until February 2011, and then as director of innovation and clinical affairs of Iovate

Health Sciences, Oakville, Ontario, until June 2013, and then chief scientific officer

at Cepham, Inc., Somerset, New Jersey from June 2013 until December 2018. Dr.

Bagchi received the Master of American College of Nutrition Award in October 2010.

He is the past chairman of the International Society of Nutraceuticals and Functional

Foods (ISNFF), past president of the American College of Nutrition, Clearwater,

Florida, and past chair of the Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Division of Institute

of Food Technologists (IFT), Chicago, Illionois. He is currently serving as a distinguished

advisor on the Japanese Institute for Health Food Standards (JIHFS), Tokyo,

Japan. Dr. Bagchi is a member of the Study Section and Peer Review Committee of

the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland. He has 352 papers in

peer reviewed journals, 37 books, and 20 patents. Dr. Bagchi is also a member of

the Society of Toxicology, member of the New York Academy of Sciences, fellow

of the Nutrition Research Academy, and member of the TCE stakeholder committee

of the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Dr. Bagchi is an associate editor of

the Journal of Functional Foods, Journal of the American College of Nutrition,

and Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research, and an editorial board member

of numerous peer reviewed journals, including Antioxidants & Redox Signaling,

Cancer Letters, Food & Nutrition Research, Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods,

The Original Internist, and other peer reviewed journals.

Reviews

'This edited volume presents the diverse needs of extreme sports athletes in regard to motivation, nutrition, and functional requirements. Defining extreme sports as those sports that push an athlete's limits both physically and mentally (as, for example, in an Ironman event) or that are "unusual and dangerous" by nature (for example, parkour or paragliding), the editors argue that the variability of extreme sports demands that specialized attention be devoted to ensuring that such athletes can meet the specific demands of their particular sport. The book's 19 chapters convey unusual contrastive portraits: for example the needs of an athlete competing in an open-water endurance swim differ from those of one competing in a high-altitude mountain biking race. Discussion covers training and nutritional techniques, including use of so-called nutraceutical supplements, affecting an athlete's pre-competition, mid-event, and post-competition experience. One chapter addresses the specific role of hydration in varying circumstances. Other chapters explore muscle development and recovery during extreme sport engagement, including recovery from "eccentric contractions." This text is novel in providing information that is rarely encountered in resources dedicated to traditional sports. Its unique focus may enable further discovery of existing gaps in the literature.'

--C. Hauff, University of South Alabama, in Choice Connect, vol 57

Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students through faculty and professionals.



**Description**
This book explains what extreme sports are, their nutritional and energy
requirements, their evolution and history, and the growth, market, and future
of these sports.

**Purpose**
The purpose is to foster a greater understanding of the types of extreme sports
and the unique nutritional, physical, and mental demands of each. The book
breaks down the different types of sports into land, water, and high-altitude
and discusses both traditional and nontraditional extreme sports. With
increasing participation in these sports all around the world, this book is a
much-needed resource for the unique needs of these athletes.

**Audience**
It is intended for sports practitioners, health professionals, sports
enthusiasts, and sports nutritionists, along with food experts and researchers.
It is most suitable for those looking to gain a greater understanding of
extreme sports and how to improve performance, prevent injury, and improve
training practices for these athletes.

**Features**
This book covers topics related to the specific requirements needed by athletes
who perform extreme sports. The authors do a thorough job of breaking down the
sports into different categories and expanding on the demands, both mental and
physical, that are unique to each of them. Factors such as extreme
temperatures, altitude, and excessive energy demands during these events are
addressed and research-driven information on nutraceutical supplements and
functional foods are discussed. Since these factors create an added challenge
for athletes and the practitioners who work with them, they must be understood
in order to develop better training programs and ultimately improve performance
in the sport. The book also reviews ergogenic and nutritional aids and their
value in each sport.

**Assessment**
This is an interesting and comprehensive look into the world of extreme sports.
With the rapid growth of adventure racing, ultramarathons, and the less
traditional diverse sports (bouldering, caving, hang gliding, etc.), more
research is needed to further understand the specific needs of these athletes.
This book does a great job of breaking down the book into seven detailed
sections. Most notable for readers probably is the physical requirements of
each sport and the importance of nutraceuticals and functional foods for these
athletes to improve performance and prevent injury. A unique feature is the
chapter discussing the use of prosthetics and limb health in extreme sports and
how technology, with improved fit and material, enables these athletes to
participate with fewer limitations. Overall, this book is comprehensive and
well organized.

-- Melissa Mellady, MS(Northwestern Medicine Executive Health)