FPGAs : Fundamentals, Advanced Features, and Applications in Industrial Electronics book cover
1st Edition

Fundamentals, Advanced Features, and Applications in Industrial Electronics

ISBN 9781439896990
Published February 21, 2017 by CRC Press
249 Pages

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Book Description

Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are currently recognized as the most suitable platform for the implementation of complex digital systems targeting an increasing number of industrial electronics applications. They cover a huge variety of application areas, such as: aerospace, food industry, art, industrial automation, automotive, biomedicine, process control, military, logistics, power electronics, chemistry, sensor networks, robotics, ultrasound, security, and artificial vision. This book first presents the basic architectures of the devices to familiarize the reader with the fundamentals of FPGAs before identifying and discussing new resources that extend the ability of the devices to solve problems in new application domains. Design methodologies are discussed and application examples are included for some of these domains, e.g., mechatronics, robotics, and power systems.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. FPGAs and their Role in the Design of Electronic Systems

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Embedded Control Systems – A Wide Concept

1.3 Implementation Options for Embedded Systems

1.3.1 Technological Improvements and Complexity Growth

1.3.2 Towards Energy-Efficient Improved Computing Performance

1.3.3 A Battle for the Target Technology?

1.3.4 Design Techniques and Tools for the Different Technologies General-Purpose Processors and Microcontrollers DSP Processors Multi-Core Processors and GPGPUs FPGAs ASICs

1.4 How Does Configurable Logic Work?

1.5 Applications and Uses of FPGAs

2. Main Architectures and Hardware Resources of FPGAs

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Main FPGA Architectures

2.3 Basic Hardware Resources

2.3.1 Logic Blocks

2.3.2 I/O Blocks Ser/Des Blocks FIFO Memories

2.3.3 Interconnection Resources

2.4 Specialized Hardware Blocks

2.4.1 Clock Management Blocks

2.4.2 Memory Blocks

2.4.3 Hard Memory Controllers

2.4.4 Transceivers PCIe Blocks

2.4.5 Serial Communication Interfaces

3. Embedded Processors in FPGA Architectures

3.1 Introduction

3.1.1 Multi-Core Processors Main Hardware Issues Main Software Issues

3.1.2 Many-Core Processors

3.1.3 FPSoCs

3.2 Soft Processors

3.2.1 Proprietary Cores

3.2.2 Open-Source Cores

3.3 Hard Processors

3.4 Other "Configurable" SoC Solutions

3.4.1 Sensor Hubs

3.4.2 Customizable Processors

3.5 On-Chip Buses

3.5.1 AMBA AHB Multi-Layer AHB AXI

3.5.2 Avalon

3.5.3 CoreConnect

3.5.4 WishBone

4. Advanced Signal Processing Resources in FPGAs

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Embedded Multipliers

4.3 DSP Blocks

4.4 Floating-Point Hardware Operators

5. Mixed-Signal FPGAs

5.1 Introduction

5.2 ADC Blocks

5.3 Analog Sensors

5.4 Analog Data Acquisition and Processing Interfaces

5.5 Hybrid FPGA-FPAA Solutions

6. Tools and Methodologies for FPGA-Based Design

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Basic Design Flow Based on RTL Synthesis and Implementation Tools

6.2.1 Design Entry

6.2.2 Simulation Tools Interactive Simulation Mixed-Mode Simulation HIL Verification

6.2.3 RTL Synthesis and Back-End Tools RTL synthesis Translation Placement and Routing Bitstream Generation

6.3 Design of SoPC Systems

6.3.1 Hardware Design Tools for SoPCs

6.3.2 Software Design Tools for SoPCs

6.3.3 Core Libraries and Core Generation Tools

6.4 HLS Tools

6.5 Design of HPC Multi-Thread Accelerators

6.6 Debugging and Other Auxiliary Tools

6.6.1 Hardware / Software Debugging for SoPC Systems Software Debugging Hardware Debugging Hardware / Software Co-Debugging

6.6.2 Auxiliary Tools Pin Planning Tools FPGA Selection Advisory Tools Power Estimation Tools

7. Off-chip and in-chip communications for FPGA systems

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Off-chip communications

7.2.1 Low speed interfaces

7.2.2 High speed interfaces

7.3 In-chip communications

7.3.1 Point-to point connections

7.3.2 Bus-based connections

7.3.3 Networks on Chip

8. Building Reconfigurable Systems using Commercial FPGAs

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Main Reconfiguration-Related Concepts

8.2.1 Reconfigurable Architectures

8.3 FPGAs as Reconfigurable Elements

8.3.1 Commercial FPGAs with Reconfiguration Support

8.3.2 Setting Up an Architecture for Partial Reconfiguration

8.3.3 Scalable Architectures

8.3.4 Tool Support for Partial Reconfiguration

8.3.5 On-Chip Communications for Reconfigurable Systems Support

8.4 RTR Support

8.4.1 Self-Managing Systems

8.4.2 Adaptive Multi-Thread Execution with Reconfigurable Hardware Accelerators

8.4.3 Evolvable Hardware

9. Industrial Electronics Applications of FPGAs

9.1 Introduction

9.2 FPGA Application Domains in Industrial Electronics

9.2.1 Digital Real-Time Simulation of Power Systems

9.2.2 Advanced Control Techniques Power Systems Robotics and Automotive Electronics Use of Floating-Point Operations

9.2.3 Electronic Instrumentation


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Juan Jose Rodriguez Andina, Eduardo de la Torre, Maria Dolores Valdes


"The new book FPGAs: Fundamentals, Advanced Features, and Applications in Industrial Electronics presents all the facets of today’s field-programmable gate array (FPGA) technology. The aim of the authors is to offer engineers and, more generally, readers who have experience in industrial electronics a good understanding of both the basics and the latest trends related to FPGAs. FPGAs: Fundamentals, Advanced Features, and Applications in Industrial Electronics is a valuable textbook for all those who want to better comprehend FPGAs and their most recent evolutions to use them relevantly in industrial control systems."
IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, June 2017 Issue