What makes a terrorist? Is an individual inherently predisposed to be attracted to political violence or does exposure to a certain environment desensitize them in such a way that violence represents a viable mode for addressing political grievances? Identifying state failure as the impetus for political violence this book addresses these questions and focuses on why existing extremist groups find failed states so attractive. Utilizing global barometer data, Tiffiany Howard examines the underpinnings of individual support for political violence and argues that an insidious pattern of deprivation within failed states drives ordinary citizens to engage in and support extreme acts of political violence. A rigorous examination of four regions plagued by a combination of failed states and political violence-Sub Saharan Africa, The Middle East and North Africa, Southeast and South Asia, and Latin America-this text draws parallels to arrive at a single conclusion: that failed states are a natural breeding ground for terrorism and political violence.
Tiffiany Howard received her dual PhD in Political Science and Public Policy from the University of Michigan in 2006 and is currently an Assistant Professor at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas in the Department of Political Science. Her fields of specialization include international relations, conflict and security, migration policy, and quantitative methodology.
’The relationship between state capacity, political violence and terrorism is complex and controversial. This book provides some insightful perspectives on this complexity in the course of surveying and taking the debate forward. It contains some excellent case studies, it is evidence-based, and it challenges a number of common assumptions. It is an important and interesting contribution to the field.’ Edward Newman, University of Leeds, UK