Fate of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment and in Water Treatment Systems: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fate of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment and in Water Treatment Systems

1st Edition

Edited by Diana S. Aga

CRC Press

408 pages | 84 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420052329
pub: 2007-12-26
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Description

The detection of pharmaceutical residues remained elusive until instruments such as liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry became commonplace in environmental laboratories. The documentation of the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues and endocrine disrupting chemicals in water resources has raused questions about their long-term effects in the ecosystem and their potential effects on human health. Fate of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment and in Water Treatment Systems covers critical issues regarding the occurrence, persistence, treatment, and transformations of pharmaceuticals in the environment and in drinking water and wastewater treatment systems.

Acompilation of the recent literature, the book reviews advances in instrumentation and sample preparation techniques and includes an example of how risk assessment is conducted to investigate the fate and effects of pharmaceutical contaminants. Several chapters explore the behavior of pharmaceuticals in soil and the potential side effects of antibiotics on plants after uptake. Experts in drinking water and wastewater treatment systems present new findings on the effectiveness of current treatment practices to reduce the concentrations of pharmaceuticals at the source, providing new insights on how to better mitigate future problems brought about by emerging environmental contaminants.

Contributing authors from academia, government, and industry provide a well-balanced multi-disciplinary perspective on the issues, discussing topics ranging from field studies documenting the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in environmental compartments, to laboratory studies determining the degradation kinetics and formation of by-products during treatment. The text discusses the factors that affect the environmental fate of pharmaceuticals in soil and water, facilitate the development of best management practices, and optimize treatment systems for removal of these compounds from the environment.

Table of Contents

Occurrence and Analysis of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Environmental Presence and Persistence of Pharmaceuticals:

An Overview, S.T. Glassmeyer, D.W. Kolpin, E.T. Furlong, and M.J. Focazio

Advances in the Analysis of Pharmaceuticals in the Aquatic Environment, S. Pérez and D. Barceló

Sample Preparation and Analysis of Solid-Bound Pharmaceuticals, C. Klein, S. O’Connor, J. Locke, and D. Aga

Gadolinium Containing Contrast Agents for MRI : Investigations on the Environmental Fate and Effects, C. Neubert, R. Länge, and T. Steger-Hartmann

Environmental Fate and Transformations of Veterinary Pharmaceuticals

Fate and Transport of Veterinary Medicines in the Soil Environment, A.B.A. Boxall

Sorption and Degradation of Selected Pharmaceuticals in Soil and Manure, N. Carmosini and L.S. Lee

Mobility of Tylosin and Enteric Bacteria in Soil Columns, K.L. Henderson, T.B. Moorman, and J.R. Coats

Plant Uptake of Pharmaceuticals from Soil Determined by ELISA, R.J. Schneider

Antibiotic Transformation in Plants via Glutathione Conjugation, M.H. Farkas, J.O. Berry, and D.S. Aga

Treatment of Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water and Wastewater

Drugs in Drinking Water : Treatment Options, H.S. Weinberg, V.J. Pereira, and Z. Ye

Removal of Endocrine Disruptors and Pharmaceuticals during Water Treatment, S.A. Snyder, H. Lei, and E.C. Wert

Reaction and Transformation of Antibacterial Agents with Aqueous Chlorine under Relevant Water Treatment Conditions, C.-H. Huang, M.C. Dodd, and A.D. Shah

Hormones in Waste from Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, Z. Zhao, K.F. Knowlton, and N.G. Love

Treatment of Antibiotics in Swine Wastewater, C.D. Adams

Removal of Pharmaceuticals in Biological Wastewater Treatment Plants, S. Kim, A.S. Weber, A. Batt, and D.S. Aga

Chemical Processes During Biological Wastewater Treatment,W.F. Harper, Jr., T. Floyd-Smith, and T. Yi

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED071000
MEDICAL / Pharmacology
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply