256 pages | 1 B/W Illus.
This book throws new light on the study of India's development through an exploration of the triangular relationship between federalism, nationalism and the development process. It focuses on one of the seemingly paradoxical cases of impressive development and sharp federal conflicts that have been witnessed in the state of Punjab. The book concentrates on the federal structure of the Indian polity and it examines the evolution of the relationship between the centre and the state of Punjab, taking into account the emergence of Punjabi Sikh nationalism and its conflict with Indian nationalism. Providing a template to analyse regional imbalances and tensions in national economies with federal structures and competing nationalisms, this book will not only be of interest to researchers on South Asian Studies, but also to those working in the fields of politics, political economy, geography and development.
'India’s sub-nationalisms come draped in discourses of culture but Pritam Singh’s thesis is that the paramountcy of the project of Indian nation-building has forced individual states to play idiosyncratic roles – with profound consequences for the character of their sub-nationalisms. He illustrates this dramatically with the case of Punjab. Through flows of public finance the agricultural wealth of this culturally and geopolitically distinctive state has been harnessed nationally to the detriment of its balanced development. By 1991, Punjab was a curious paradox – a rich food bowl with a stunted industrial economy. Through his fine-grained research, Pritam Singh has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the politics of cultural aspiration and the political economy of federalism.' - Barbara Harriss-White, University of Oxford, UK
'Dr Singh's book must be read by those interested in modern India. It deals with the central issue in Indian politics and planning at a pivotal stage in the nation's development.' - Ceri Peach, University of Oxford, UK
'This book is a major contribution to the political economy of the Punjab, to the analysis of centre-state relations in the post-independence Indian union, and to the study of regional economic development in federally-organised states. One of its strengths is its wide reach in terms of scholarship and analysis - it integrates knowledge from economic history, ethnic studies, geography and constitutional analysis.' - Colin Clarke, University of Oxford, UK
'The book unravels Punjab's history, highlights the key turning points in the history of the Sikh religion and the demand of region-based nationalism. In the process, it offers a fresh insight into the administration of the state vis-`E0-vis the Centre.' - The Tribune
'Pritam Singh’s book is an important work. His analysis addresses some difficult questions about the conflicting objectives of the center and the states. If this also raises more questions, that is only a good thing.'- KARNA BASU, University of Chicago, Journal of Asian Studies 68.3 August 2009
'This book presents a methodological breakthrough in studies on development, nationalism and federalism in the manner in which it examines the triangular relationship of society, polity and economy and then explores how this triangular relationship unfolds in a national context and a region. The book promises to be a critical text for future research and teaching in these areas, especially in relation to India and Punjab.' - Navtej K. Purewal, University of Manchester, UK; Contemporary South Asia, Vol. 19, No. 2, June 2011
'Pritam Singh’s book is a truly wide-ranging work of scholarship spanning economic history, geography, analysis of the Constitution, the genesis of Sikh nationalism in Punjab and its conflict with Indian nationalism at the centre. The book is one of those rare academic publications which has the potential to make history… One of the strengths of the book is its wide reach in terms of scholarship and analysis. It integrates knowledge from economic history, ethnic studies, geography, and constitutional analysis to understand the nature of regional economic development within the Indian union.' - Ajit Singh, Cambridge University; Economic & Political Weekly, January 29, 2011 Vol XLVI No 5
1. Introduction 2. The Geography and the Political Economy of Punjab: An Historical Overview of Punjab-Centre Relations 3. Federalism, Nationalism and India’s Development Strategy: An Historical Overview 4. Federal Financial Relations in India and their Implications for Centre-Punjab Financial Relations 5. Centre-State Relations in Agriculture and their Implications for Punjab Agriculture 6. Centre-State Relations in Industry and their Implications for the Pattern of Industrial Development in Punjab 7. Summary and Conclusions. Appendix: Ranking of States and Union Territories According to Population 1991 and 2001