236 pages | 2 B/W Illus.
Federalism is widely believed to be an efficient tool to quell ethnic conflict, yet recently there has been a pronounced global tendency among ethnic minorities to break away from larger nations. Iraqi Kurdistan, a region within the newly established Iraqi federation, also harbors plans to proclaim its own sovereign state. This volume analyses the factors that have caused the Kurds to change their minds about living in a federal Iraq, and the reaction of their neighbors and the international community at large.
Using a broad theoretical framework of federal studies and secession theory, this book examines the causes for the breakup of ethnic federations fuelled by nationalism as well as the international regime of recognition of newly formed entities. It provides a first-hand account and theoretically informed interpretations of the Iraqi situation, showing that federalism is not always a universal remedy for ethnic and religious conflicts; it also emphasizes that the international recognition regime is a significant variable in peoples’ actions and aspirations to sovereignty.
Enriching the ongoing debate on federalism and self-determination, this volume will appeal to scholars and students of politics, international relations, and comparative politics, as well as those interested in federalism, the Middle East and Kurdistan.
"This excellent collection of essays edited by Alex Danilovich who spent years in Iraqi Kurdistan is timely and demonstrates with lucidity that federalism is the best possible choice for the Kurds in Iraq." - Gerard Chaliand, PhD, Professor and Prominent French expert in geopolitics, non-conventional warfare and the Middle East
"This important book presents an accurate picture of the Iraqi Kurdistan of the 2010s and its relations with Baghdad, as well as regional and world powers. It also puts emphasis on the Kurdish sectarian and collective expectations as they were expressed before, during and after the September 2017 referendum on independence." - Hamit Bozarslan, PhD, Professor, Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, Author of Révolution et état de violence. Moyen-Orient 2011-2015 (CNRS Editions), From Political Struggle to Self-Sacrifice: Violence in the Middle East (Marcus Wiener) and co-author of Revolutionary Passions, Latin America, Middle East, India (Routledge).
PART I: FEDERALISM, DOMESTIC POLITICS AND SECESSION
CHAPTER 1 The Paradox of Federalism and the Iraqi Federation
Hemin R.A. Akreyi
CHAPTER 2 Seeking Sovereignty under Modern Conditions: The Case of Iraqi Kurdistan
CHAPTER 3 Together We Stand, Divided We Fall: Transcending the Obstacles to Internal Sovereignty in Iraqi Kurdistan
CHAPTER 4 From Shotgun Marriage to Amicable Divorce? The Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Self-determination, Secession and Recognition in Comparative Perspective
CHAPTER 5 KRG Survival in Iraq and in the Middle East: Non-Alignment and Sectarian Neutrality
Sara Salahaddin Mustafa
PART 2: RECOGNITION REGIME: GLOBAL POWERS’ AND SIGNIFICANT NEIGHBORS’ ON KURDISTAN’S SOVEREIGNTY ASPIRATIONS
CHAPTER 6 Kurdistan: the Strategy of Secession and International Recognition Regime
Ryan D. Griffiths
CHAPTER 7 Iraqi Kurdistan Independence Aspirations and the Neo-Ottomanist Turkey
Emel Tugdar and Serhun Al
CHAPTER 8 Iran’s Regional Hegemony and Iraqi Kurdistan’s Independence
Sardar Aziz and Sherko Kirmanj
CHAPTER 9 Israel's Periphery Doctrine and the Kurds
David Romano and Shivan Rojhilat
CHAPTER 10 China’s Energy Strategy in Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan
Hugo El Kholi
CHAPTER 11 Kurdish Interests and US Foreign Policy in the Middle East
Alex Danilovich and Paula Pineda
CHAPTER 12 Russia’s Strategy Towards Iraq and Kurdistan
Alex Danilovich and Kirill Vertyaev