Often, research concerning the female offender is scarce. This book adds to the criminological literature on the topic of reentry for women, focusing on the barriers women face as they return to society and adjust to life after incarceration. Each chapter addresses specific issues, challenges, and obstacles affiliated with the hindrance of successful reentry processes associated with female offenders, as well as data-driven empirical studies.
While corrections has often misunderstood or overlooked the needs of returning offenders, the shortcomings of the institutions have a greater impact on women than on their male counterparts, particularly regarding the occurrence of social and medical problems, especially those related to mental health and substance abuse. Female Offenders and Reentry helps criminal justice students and practitioners see the full picture when considering the challenges faced by female offenders reintegrating into society.
Finally—a comprehensive text that covers all aspects of the challenges faced by female offenders in their reentry journeys. Featuring evidence-based research, current demographic and trend data, policy and best practices analyses, and in-depth case studies, this monograph provides insightful examinations of critical gender barriers to societal reintegration—transportation, housing, employment, issues of chronic illness and reproductive health, mental health and substance abuse disorders, and child reunification.
—Rosemary Gido, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
The editors have put together a well-balanced collection of chapters that discuss in depth the multiple problems female ex-offenders face when returning to their communities. This text provides an excellent forum for discussion on the topic of female offenders and reentry that will leave students as well as policy makers and educators thinking about how they can effect change.
—Danielle McDonald, Northern Kentucky University
In Female Offenders and Reentry, Carter and Marcum have expertly conveyed the challenges facing women as they work towards reestablishing a life outside of prison. This compelling and comprehensive text is essential to understanding the contemporary female reentry experience.
—Ashley G. Blackburn, University of Houston–Downtown
Chapter 1: Introduction
Catherine D. Marcum and Lisa M. Carter
Chapter 2: Transportation Issues
Miriam Northcutt Bohmert
Chapter 3: Physical Health Needs and Treatment for Female Offenders Returning to Society
Valerie R. Anderson and Shabnam Javdani
Chapter 4: Mental Health Needs and Treatment
Kyle C. Ward and Mary K. Evans
Case Study 4A: Female Offenders, Mental Illness, and Recidivism: An Examination of Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders Among a Sample of Female Parolees Released to the City of Philadelphia
Kimberly Houser and Eric S. McCord
Chapter 5: Women With Substance Use Disorders Reentering the Community
Wendy P. Guastaferro and Laura Lutgen
Case Study 5A: Women Offenders and Drug Courts: Does Gender Matter?
Kimberly Houser and Christine Saum
Chapter 6: Reproductive Health Needs and Treatment
Jennifer Mooney and Aalap Bommaraju
Chapter 7: Educational and Vocational Attainment During Reintegration
Linda Keena and Ashley Hluska
Chapter 8: Having to Check Yes: The Stigma of a Criminal Record and Other Challenges to Obtaining Meaningful Employment for Released Female Offenders
Chapter 9: Centering Women’s Reentry With Safe, Secure, and Affordable Housing
Faith Lutze and Jenny Lau
Chapter 10: Reunification With Family and Children During the Reentry Process
Suzanne M. Godboldt
Chapter 11: Female Sex Offenders and Reintegration
Jennifer Klein and Danielle Cooper
Chapter 12: Making It on the Outside: Reintegration Challenges of Girls and Women of Color
Vera Lopez and Lisa Pasko
Chapter 13: Wrongful Convictions
Kaitlyn Clarke and Philip D. McCormack
Chapter 14: Future Directions/Best Practices
Case Study 14A: Desistance from Crime During Reintegration
Kecia R. Johnson and Dave C. May