Femtosecond Laser–Matter Interactions
Solid-Plasma-Solid Phase Transformations at the Extreme Energy Density
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This book succinctly describes the ultra-short laser–matter interactions from the subtle atomic motion under the gentle excitation up to the generation of extreme pressures by the beam tightly focussed inside the bulk of a transparent crystal. It is the fully rewritten successor to Femtosecond Laser–Matter Interactions: Theory, Experiment and Applications (2011). Explanation and experimental verification of the exceptional technique for the phase transformations under extreme pressure are in the core of the book. The novel phase formation occurs along the unique solid-plasma-solid transformation path: The memory of the initial state is lost after conversion to plasma, and the restructuring proceeds during the cooling of the confined plasma. The extreme-pressure-affected material remains detained inside a pristine crystal at the laboratory tabletop. The super-dense aluminium and the previously unobserved crystalline phases of silicon were created by this method of confined micro-explosions. Recent studies have used the quasi-non-diffracting Bessel beams for increasing the number of new phases. The applications comprise the new material formation at extreme conditions and micromachining. The book is an engaging literature for readers interested in the cutting-edge research on the extreme energy density generation at the laboratory tabletop.
Table of Contents
1. Basics of Laser–Matter Interactions: Light and Matter
2. Interaction with Metals
3. Interaction with Dielectrics
4. Non-Destructive Transformations: Formation, Lifetime and Decay of Unusual States of Matter
5. Ablation of Metals and Dielectrics
6. Extreme Energy Density Confined inside a Transparent Crystal—Novel Path for New Materials Creation: Solid-Plasma-Solid Transformations
Eugene G. Gamaly received his MSc from Moscow State University in 1958, PhD from the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre in 1970 and DSc and professorship of Physics from P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, in 1980. From 1958 to 1973, he worked for the Federal Nuclear Centre in the fields of high temperature/density plasma physics intertwined with nuclear fission/fusion. In 1973, he joined P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute on invitation of Prof. Nikolay Gennadiyevich Basov, Nobel laureate. His work within Prof. Basov’s team during 1973–1992 featured pioneering research on laser-induced fusion and on the fundamentals of short/intense laser–matter interaction. His work for the Laser Physics Centre of the Australian National University (1992–2015) on the ultra-short laser–matter interactions embraces subtle material modifications, nanostructure formation, generation of the extreme energy density, and novel material formation. Prof. Gamaly has authored and co-authored 2 books, 25 book chapters and more than 300 papers in the refereed journals.