Fibre Structure: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fibre Structure

1st Edition

By Siba Prasad Mishra

WPI Publishing

222 pages | 62 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9789385059131
pub: 2017-07-06
eBook (VitalSource) : 9789385059636
pub: 2016-07-06
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Fibre Structure states that each and every fibre from their manufacturing (man-made fibres) or during development (natural fibres) creates and develops its own and specialized structure. It might be the chemical structure, crystalline structure, amorphous structure and/or morphology. This structure can be modified during processing. The structure equally influences the processing conditions as well as the properties of the fibre. With this background, the present book deals with different fibres and their structures. Different aspects of structure are dealt separately in a concise and compact manner. This will serve as a reference for researchers, technologists as well as professionals as a reference book to know about the structure of different fibres and their measurement.

Table of Contents



Classification of textile fibres based on sources

Classification of textile fibres based on polymer

Concept of fibre science

Concept of fibre science

Chemical structure


Raw materials

Polymer molecule

Chemical bonding in polymers

Chemical structure

Classification of polymers

Polymer structure phases




Rotational isomerism or conformations

Model of a molecular chain

Mathematical derivation of end-to-end distance

Radius of gyration

Excluded volume effect

Role of solvent on conformation

Conformation and chain flexibility

Chain structure in selected fibres/polymers

Crystalline structure


Intermolecular forces

Crystal structure

Amorphous structure


Amorphous solids

Glass transition temperature

Theories of glass transition

Chemical structure and Tg

Structural factors and Tg

Measurement of Tg

Molecular relaxation

Properties dependent on amorphous region


Molecular architecture

Two phase structure

Models of fibre structure

Three phase structure

Crystalline relaxations


Fibre structure and properties

Liquid crystal polymer (LCP)



Crystallization process

Polymer crystallization

Theory of crystallization kinetics

Crystallization rate

Types of crystallization

Crystallization of polyamide

Crystallization of poly (ethylene terephthalate)


Thermal methods of analysis



Orientation factor

Crystallite orientation

Limiting cases of orientation

Measurement of orientation

Orientation process

Importance of orientation

Deformation behaviour of fibres

Orientation and anisotropic properties

Measurement of structures


Methods for investigation of configuration and conformation

Methods for investigation of crystallites and crystallinity

Methods for investigation of amorphous state

Methods for investigation of orientation state

Overall observations

Microscopy methods


Light microscopy

Transmission light microscopy

Reflected light microscopy

Dark field microscopy

Fluorescence microscopy

Confocal microscopy

Polarized microscopy

Phase contrast microscopy

Interference microscopy

Advantages and disadvantages of light microscopy

Electron microscopy

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

Scanned probe microscopy (SPM)

Diffraction methods


X-ray diffraction

Information from XRD

Degree of crystallinity


Indexing of crystal structures

Electron diffraction (ED)

Electron interaction with matter

Techniques of electron diffraction

Transmission electron microscope

Scanning electron microscope

Scanning and transmission electron microscope

Scattering techniques


Small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS)

Small-angle light scattering (SALS)

Small-angle neutron scattering

Spectroscopic methods


Electronic spectroscopy

Vibrational spectroscopy

Infrared spectroscopy

Raman spectroscopy

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

Resonance spectroscopic methods

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR)

Electron spin-resonance spectroscopy (ESR)

About the Author

Dr. S. P. Mishra is at present working as Director, School of Fashion Technology, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. He did his M. Tech and PhD from IIT Delhi, MBA from PTU, Jalandhar and BSc (Tech) from Calcutta University. He has more than 38 years' experience in IIT University, Engineering Colleges, Research Institutes and Industry and actively engaged in teaching, research, development and industrial activities in fibres, fabrics and fashion. He has contributed more than 200 research and review papers in different International and National journals, seminar and conferences, out of which 30 is on International journals and a 60 paper series on "Development of Manmade Fibres" in Asian Textile Journal, Mumbai.

About the Series

Woodhead Publishing India in Textiles

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