Field Hydrogeology : A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation, Second Edition book cover
2nd Edition

Field Hydrogeology
A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation, Second Edition

ISBN 9781138077140
Published March 29, 2017 by CRC Press
206 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

In recent years, the focus in hydrogeologic investigations has expanded to include aquifer sustainability as part of resource evaluations. While there are other books on the subject, Field Hydrogeology: A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation provides the first integrated presentation of the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards, US Geological Survey (USGS), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) field techniques. It also includes access to a website containing software for designing aquifer tests and aquifer-recharge experiments.

Written by an author with more than 50 years of experience in hydrology and geology, this reference treats the subject from a field standpoint. Useful as a field guide or textbook, it contains standard methods for planning and undertaking hydrogeologic investigations. It incorporates case studies, contains a glossary of field-hydrogeology technical terms, and provides a detailed list of ASTM standards and key hydrologic Web sites.

The guide is based on ASTM standards as well as EPA and US Department of Interior field technical manuals. The text covers hydrogeologic fundamentals, conceptual models, planning an investigation, surface investigations, subsurface investigations, field inventory, stream flow measurements, water quality measurements, and report preparation. This revised and updated Second Edition also includes new material on the history of hydrogeology, field safety, aquifers, groundwater quality, hydrogeologic maps, and federal regulations. It gives students and seasoned professionals a vast array of clearly written descriptive materials and an extensive source of references available at their fingertips.

What’s New in This Second Edition:

  • New chapter on the history of hydrogeology
  • New chapter on groundwater development and management, including US federal regulations and transboundary aquifers
  • New material on field safety, groundwater quality and testing, and construction of hydrogeologic cross section and maps
  • New international case studies
  • New THEIS computer model to design aquifer tests
  • Updated information on latest principles and techniques

Table of Contents

Hydrogeologic Concepts
Groundwater Movement
Recharge and Discharge
Source of Water to a Well
Locating Groundwater
Groundwater Facts

History of Hydrogeology in the United States
Milestones in the History of Hydrogeology in the United States (1879–1988)

Planning a Field Investigation
Project Planning
Four Stages of Every Project
Types of Projects
Project Proposal
Summary of Project Planning
Project Management
Summary of Project Management
Types of Investigations
Objectives of Investigations
Sources of Hydrologic Data
Hydrologic Websites
Geographic Information Systems
Responsibility of Hydrogeologists
Rules for Professional Conduct
Field Notebook
Field Safety

Surface Investigations
Conceptual Model
Preliminary Site Reconnaissance
Suggestions for Conducting a Preliminary Site Field Investigation
Site Visit
Spring Investigation
Hazardous Waste Site Investigation
Geophysical Surveys
Surface Geophysics
Geophysical Well Logging
Locating and Testing Water Wells
Well Drilling and Construction
Well Development and Testing
Determining Well Yield
Well Maintenance
Groundwater Quality
Field Measurements of Water Quality
Specific Conductance
Testing the Quality of Groundwater

Subsurface Investigations
Geologic Mapping
Inventory of Wells
Monitor Wells
Test Drilling and Examination of Drill Cuttings
Water-Level Measurements
Wetted Steel Tape
Electrical Tape
Pressure Transducer
Tracing Techniques
Natural Tracers
Artificial Tracers
Field Methods

Aquifer Evaluation
Hydraulic Conductivity
Grain Size
Laboratory Measurements
Design of Aquifer Tests
Types of Tests
Specific-Capacity Test
Step-Drawdown Test
Slug Test
Analysis of Aquifer Test Data
Theis Equation
Cooper–Jacob Straight-Line Method
Computer Programs to Design an Aquifer Test
THEIS Computer Model Program
Construction of Hydrogeologic Maps and Cross Sections
Hydrogeologic Sections

Streamflow Measurements
Basic Equipment
Measurement Procedure
Methods to Determine Stream–Aquifer Relations

Hydrogeologic Reports
Report Planning
Report Writing
Overcoming Writer’s Block
Executive Summary or Abstract
Purpose and Scope
Body of Report
Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations
Report Review
Peer Review
Editorial Review
Technical Review
Review Steps
Additional Resources

Groundwater Development and Management
Federal Laws to Protect Groundwater
Transboundary Aquifers
Effect of Groundwater Withdrawal
Groundwater and Urbanization

Case Studies
Denver, Colorado
Mexico City
Nubian Aquifer, Northern Africa
California’s Central Valley
Chicago, Illinois
Las Vegas, Nevada
Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona
High Plains Aquifer, Southwest United States
Bangkok, Thailand
Tokyo, Japan

Further Reading

Appendix A: The Ideal Project—Its Planning and Supervision; John E. Moore and Hugh Hudson
Appendix B: Aquifer Test—An Alternative Data Interpretation; J. Joel Carrillo-Rivera and A. Cardona


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John E. Moore, PhD, is an internationally recognized research scientist and hydrogeologist. He is currently an adjunct professor at Metro State College in Denver, Colorado, and presents short courses for the Geological Society of America and the International Association of Hydrogeologists.

He has more than 50 years of experience as scientist, technical advisor, and senior hydrologist with the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Dr. Moore has served as an advisor to the EPA, Department of Energy, Department of Defense, U.S. Congress, and the State of Colorado. He is past president of the American Institute of Hydrology (AIH) and the International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH), and associate editor of Environmental Geology.

Dr. Moore received the Department of Interior Meritorious Service Award, AIH Founders award, IAH Honorary Members Award, and the National Groundwater Association Life Member Award. He is the author of 7 books and 50 scientific articles. Because of his contributions to hydrology and publications, he was presented an honorary doctor of science on October 5, 2010, at Ohio Wesleyan University.

Dr. J.J. Carrillo-Rivera, PhD, is a researcher at the Institute of Geography of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). He is a Member of the National Academy of Sciences, a researcher and reviewer of CONACyT, a European Community External Advisor, and past President of the Mexican Chapter of the International Association of Hydrogeologists. He has an MSc in Hydrogeology from University College London and a PhD in Geology (Hydrogeology) from London University.

Michael Wireman, MS, is a hydrogeologist with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Denver, Colorado, where he is Regional Groundwater Expert. He has 21 years of experience in groundwater investigations in the Rocky Mountains. He has been project manager for private consulting firms and provides technical support to several Federal Agency programs. Wireman has a master’s degree in Hydrogeology from Western Michigan University, USA.


Praise for the First Edition

... fills a great need to beginning hydrologists and hydrogeologists as a guide for site investigations and report preparation. It ... also contains a very interesting and important section on rules for professional conduct. ... It is a particularly good reference as the author, a geologist, identifies the important role that geologists play in the study of the source, occurrence, movement, quality, and quantity of groundwater. There [is] an excellent outline for the preparation of hydrogeologic reports. The last chapter provides four excellent case histories as good examples for a new hydrogeologist on his first assignment.
—P.E. LaMoreaux, Editor-in-Chief, Environmental Geology (2003) 44:876