In recent years, the focus in hydrogeologic investigations has expanded to include aquifer sustainability as part of resource evaluations. While there are other books on the subject, Field Hydrogeology: A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation provides the first integrated presentation of the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards, US Geological Survey (USGS), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) field techniques. It also includes access to a website containing software for designing aquifer tests and aquifer-recharge experiments.
Written by an author with more than 50 years of experience in hydrology and geology, this reference treats the subject from a field standpoint. Useful as a field guide or textbook, it contains standard methods for planning and undertaking hydrogeologic investigations. It incorporates case studies, contains a glossary of field-hydrogeology technical terms, and provides a detailed list of ASTM standards and key hydrologic Web sites.
The guide is based on ASTM standards as well as EPA and US Department of Interior field technical manuals. The text covers hydrogeologic fundamentals, conceptual models, planning an investigation, surface investigations, subsurface investigations, field inventory, stream flow measurements, water quality measurements, and report preparation. This revised and updated Second Edition also includes new material on the history of hydrogeology, field safety, aquifers, groundwater quality, hydrogeologic maps, and federal regulations. It gives students and seasoned professionals a vast array of clearly written descriptive materials and an extensive source of references available at their fingertips.
What’s New in This Second Edition:
- New chapter on the history of hydrogeology
- New chapter on groundwater development and management, including US federal regulations and transboundary aquifers
- New material on field safety, groundwater quality and testing, and construction of hydrogeologic cross section and maps
- New international case studies
- New THEIS computer model to design aquifer tests
- Updated information on latest principles and techniques
Table of Contents
Recharge and Discharge
Source of Water to a Well
History of Hydrogeology in the United States
Milestones in the History of Hydrogeology in the United States (1879–1988)
Planning a Field Investigation
Four Stages of Every Project
Types of Projects
Summary of Project Planning
Summary of Project Management
Types of Investigations
Objectives of Investigations
Sources of Hydrologic Data
Geographic Information Systems
Responsibility of Hydrogeologists
Rules for Professional Conduct
Preliminary Site Reconnaissance
Suggestions for Conducting a Preliminary Site Field Investigation
Hazardous Waste Site Investigation
Geophysical Well Logging
Locating and Testing Water Wells
Well Drilling and Construction
Well Development and Testing
Determining Well Yield
Field Measurements of Water Quality
Testing the Quality of Groundwater
Inventory of Wells
Test Drilling and Examination of Drill Cuttings
Wetted Steel Tape
Design of Aquifer Tests
Types of Tests
Analysis of Aquifer Test Data
Cooper–Jacob Straight-Line Method
Computer Programs to Design an Aquifer Test
THEIS Computer Model Program
Construction of Hydrogeologic Maps and Cross Sections
Methods to Determine Stream–Aquifer Relations
Overcoming Writer’s Block
Executive Summary or Abstract
Purpose and Scope
Body of Report
Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations
Groundwater Development and Management
Federal Laws to Protect Groundwater
Effect of Groundwater Withdrawal
Groundwater and Urbanization
Nubian Aquifer, Northern Africa
California’s Central Valley
Las Vegas, Nevada
Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona
High Plains Aquifer, Southwest United States
Appendix A: The Ideal Project—Its Planning and Supervision; John E. Moore and Hugh Hudson
Appendix B: Aquifer Test—An Alternative Data Interpretation; J. Joel Carrillo-Rivera and A. Cardona
John E. Moore, PhD, is an internationally recognized research scientist and hydrogeologist. He is currently an adjunct professor at Metro State College in Denver, Colorado, and presents short courses for the Geological Society of America and the International Association of Hydrogeologists.
He has more than 50 years of experience as scientist, technical advisor, and senior hydrologist with the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Dr. Moore has served as an advisor to the EPA, Department of Energy, Department of Defense, U.S. Congress, and the State of Colorado. He is past president of the American Institute of Hydrology (AIH) and the International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH), and associate editor of Environmental Geology.
Dr. Moore received the Department of Interior Meritorious Service Award, AIH Founders award, IAH Honorary Members Award, and the National Groundwater Association Life Member Award. He is the author of 7 books and 50 scientific articles. Because of his contributions to hydrology and publications, he was presented an honorary doctor of science on October 5, 2010, at Ohio Wesleyan University.
Dr. J.J. Carrillo-Rivera, PhD, is a researcher at the Institute of Geography of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). He is a Member of the National Academy of Sciences, a researcher and reviewer of CONACyT, a European Community External Advisor, and past President of the Mexican Chapter of the International Association of Hydrogeologists. He has an MSc in Hydrogeology from University College London and a PhD in Geology (Hydrogeology) from London University.
Michael Wireman, MS, is a hydrogeologist with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Denver, Colorado, where he is Regional Groundwater Expert. He has 21 years of experience in groundwater investigations in the Rocky Mountains. He has been project manager for private consulting firms and provides technical support to several Federal Agency programs. Wireman has a master’s degree in Hydrogeology from Western Michigan University, USA.
Praise for the First Edition
... fills a great need to beginning hydrologists and hydrogeologists as a guide for site investigations and report preparation. It ... also contains a very interesting and important section on rules for professional conduct. ... It is a particularly good reference as the author, a geologist, identifies the important role that geologists play in the study of the source, occurrence, movement, quality, and quantity of groundwater. There [is] an excellent outline for the preparation of hydrogeologic reports. The last chapter provides four excellent case histories as good examples for a new hydrogeologist on his first assignment.
—P.E. LaMoreaux, Editor-in-Chief, Environmental Geology (2003) 44:876