Field Sampling: Principles and Practices in Environmental Analysis, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Field Sampling

Principles and Practices in Environmental Analysis, 1st Edition

By Alfred R. Conklin, Jr.

CRC Press

376 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780824754716
pub: 2004-05-21
SAVE ~$21.75
$145.00
$123.25
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315274102
pub: 2017-12-19
from $28.98


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

Written by a renowned professional with more than 30 years of experience in environmental sampling and analysis, this reference describes in unparalleled detail all the essential elements for the development and execution of a successful sampling plan at both contaminated and uncontaminated sites. The book covers presampling planning and decision-making, specific sampling situations, and correct sample labeling, and presents the framework and background for the sampling of any contaminated site. Presenting a wide variety of models, quality control procedures, and valuable troubleshooting methods, Field Sampling contains an abundance of topics never before covered in any other source.

Reviews

"…a comprehensive, extensively referenced and well-written book."

-Bookshelf

"The purpose of this book is to 'bring together in one place all the information and tools for successful sampling of the environment.' It succeeds admirably in this and is full of personal anecdotes … [O]ne gets the feeling after reading this book that one has spent time with the author learning from his extensive practical experience sampling field sites. … [T]he book successfully introduces all the areas important to environmental sampling, but also deals with the actual process of environmental sample in great detail. I feel that this book would be an excellent addition to your library if you need to teach an undergraduate course on how to sample field sites for an environmental assessment project."

- Journal of Environmental Quality, March/April 2005

"Field Sampling, by Alfred P. Conklin, Jr., is a nice introduction to the practice of environmental sampling and analysis. … [B]asic statistical analyses are clearly explained and depicted by graphs and tables… [T]he author carefully explains how field sampling methods and techniques affect subsequent analyses - for better or worse. … This book is well written, with discussion questions and references listed at the end of each chapter. … This book is recommended for academic libraries that serve undergraduate environmental science programs, as well as practitioners who would like to have a basic field sampling reference book on hand."

- E-Streams, Vol. 7, No. 11, Nov. 2004

"This volume is a good introduction to the science of field sampling. …It contains the basic information that an introductory course in the subject would require and is an excellent reference for the neophyte. The questions and references at the end of each chapter enable it to be a very effective teaching tool. …A major strength is the number of photos, charts, and tables that illustrate the authors' words and provide clear and precise information transfers."

-Environmental Practice, Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2005

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO FIELD SAMPLING

Assessing the Sampling Needs

Soil

Water and Air

Presampling

Safety

Sampling

Statistics

Modeling

Sample Handling

What is Present?

Analytical Methods

Traps

Essential Units

Definitions

Other Ways of Sampling and Representing the Environment

Global Positioning System (GPS)

Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

Conclusions

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENVIRONMENT

Parts of the Environment

Soil Formation

Soil Types

Soil Texture, Structure, and Bulk Density

Water Movement Over and Through Soil

Conclusions

Questions

References

PRESAMPLING

Field Office

Field Office Laboratory

The Project Notebook

Maps

Preliminary Field Survey

Field History

Sampling Tools

Other Soil Sampling Considerations

Safety

Sample Containers

Transportation and Storage

Chain of Custody

Analytical Laboratory and Procedures

Statistics

Other Tools to Consider

Modeling

Permitting

Resources

Conclusions

Questions

References

SAFETY

Areas of Safety Concern

Safety Resources

Basic Safety

Signage

Personnel Exposure

Personnel Protection

Monitoring

Safety at Different Field Types

Contamination Types and Concentrations

Off-Field Protection

MSDS Sheets

Merck Index

Conclusions

Questions

References

SAMPLING

General Sampling Considerations

Global Positioning System

Ground-Penetrating Radar

Remote Sensing

Geographical Information Systems

Samplers

Sample Amount

Sample Container

Duplicate, Split, and Composite Samples

Sampling Strategies

Topography

Other Sampling Strategies for Different Field Situations

Sample Handling

Sampling Using GPS

Determining Sample Sites

Quality Control

Labeling

Conclusions

Questions

References

STATISTICS

Random Numbers

Variation

Population

Hypothesis

Median and Mean

Standard Deviation

Different of Same Population

Extraneous Values

How Many Samples?

Comparing Areas

Linear Regression

Geostatistics

Coregionalization

Geostatistical Problems

Conclusions

Questions

References

MODELING

Physical Models

Chemical Models

Simple Mathematical Models

Landscape Models

Modeling Movement of Particles through the Environment

Dynamic Models

Commercial Computer Modeling

GIS and Environmental Modeling

Whole Planet Model

Conclusions

Questions

References

SAMPLE TREATMENT AND STORAGE

Security

Containers

Controls

Transport in the Field

Transport Boxes

Transport Out of Field

Storage

Archival Samples

Separation of Samples at the Field Office

Field Laboratory Handling

Transportation to the Commercial Laboratory

Storage at the Commercial Analytical Laboratory

Chain of Custody

Computer Chain of Custody

Request for Analysis

Conclusions

Questions

References

WHAT IS PRESENT?

In Total

The Inorganic Components

The Organic Components

The Biochemical Component

The Living Component

Conclusions

Questions

References

AN OVERVIEW OF BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ANALYTICAL MEHTODS

Determining the Problem

What is the Nature of the Sample?

The Sampling Process

What Is to Be Sampled and How Is It to Be Sampled

Documentation

Sample Preparation for Analysis

Analytical Testing

Analytical Methods - Some Specifics

Data Assessment

Report Generation and Documentation

Do the Results Answer the Client's Question?

Some General Questions and Considerations

Conclusions

Questions

References

TRAPS, MISTAKES, AND ERRORS

History of the Area

Area Geology

Knowing What Is or Is Likely to Be Present

Not Accounting for Inputs, Losses, and Movement

Personnel

Analyzing of Sampling for the Wrong Component

Antagomisms and Interferences

Sample Analysis Mismatch

Extraction or Method Errors

Sample/Test Container Errors

Improper Sampling Techniques

Variations in Method

Movement of a Contaminant

Statistical Errors

Conclusions

Questions

References

Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms

Appendix B: Sources

Index

About the Series

Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General