Fingerponds: Managing Nutrients & Primary Productivity For Enhanced Fish Production in Lake Victoria’s Wetlands Uganda: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Fingerponds: Managing Nutrients & Primary Productivity For Enhanced Fish Production in Lake Victoria’s Wetlands Uganda

1st Edition

By Rose Kaggwa

CRC Press

150 pages

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Paperback: 9780415416979
pub: 2007-01-25
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Hardback: 9781138440791
pub: 2017-07-28
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Description

Fingerponds are earthen ponds dug at the edge of natural wetlands and stocked naturally with wild fish during flooding. They preserve the wetland environment in which they are situated while maintaining a productive culture system. In this study, the importance of organic manure applications in enhancing nutrient levels, phytoplankton and periphyton productivities and ultimately fish production was examined in experimental Fingerponds set up with the participation of local communities in Uganda. Results show that organic manures enhance algal development and fish production in Fingerponds, but close monitoring and control are needed. Fish yields in Fingerponds can be enhanced to 1500 - 2800 kg/ha over a functional period of 200 to 300 days using animal manure (e.g. chicken), fermented green manure and artificial substrates for periphyton development. Good management practices are required to regulate pond inputs and conditions. High clay turbidity, nitrogen limitation and high recruitment of fish can limit fish production. Overall, Fingerponds were shown to be an effective addition to protein production for poor riparian communities in East Africa and are recommended for adoption.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology