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3rd Edition

Finn's Thermal Physics





ISBN 9781498718875
Published April 7, 2017 by CRC Press
366 Pages

 
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Book Description

This fully updated and expanded new edition continues to provide the most readable, concise, and easy-to-follow introduction to thermal physics. While maintaining the style of the original work, the book now covers statistical mechanics and incorporates worked examples systematically throughout the text. It also includes more problems and essential updates, such as discussions on superconductivity, magnetism, Bose-Einstein condensation, and climate change. Anyone needing to acquire an intuitive understanding of thermodynamics from first principles will find this third edition indispensable.

Andrew Rex is professor of physics at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Washington. He is author of several textbooks and the popular science book, Commonly Asked Questions in Physics.

Table of Contents

TEMPERATURE
Basic Concepts
Equilibrium State
Equations Of State
Scales Of Temperature

REVERSIBLE PROCESSES AND WORK
Reversible Processes
Work
Other Kinds Of Work
Example Of The Calculation Of Work In A Reversible Process

THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
The Work Of Thompson And Joule
The First Law Of Thermodynamics
Heat Capacity
Kinetic Theory Of Gases
Ideal Gases And The First Law
The Joule-Kelvin Effect
Steady Flow Process—The Turbine

THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
Carnot Cycles
Statements Of The Second Law Of Thermodynamics
Carnot’s Theorem
The Thermodynamic Temperature Scale
Engines And Refrigerators
Summary

ENTROPY
The Clausius Inequality
Entropy
The Principle Of Increasing Entropy
Entropy–Temperature Diagrams
The Thermodynamic Identity
Other Examples Of Entropy Calculations

STATISTICAL MECHANICS
Introduction to probability and statistics
microscopic view of entropy
maxwell-boltzmann statistics
ideal gases

THE THERMODYNAMIC POTENTIALS AND THE MAXWELL RELATIONS
Thermodynamic Potentials
Internal Energy
Enthalpy H
Helmholtz Function F
Gibbs Function G
Availability Function A
The Thermodynamic Square
Example Using A Maxwell Relation

GENERAL THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS
Difference In Heat Capacities, Cp – Cv
Evaluation Of And
Energy Equation
Ratio Of Heat Capacities, Cp/Cv
Revisiting The Entropy Of An Ideal Gas
Joule And Joule-Kelvin Coefficients

MAGNETIC SYSTEMS
Thermodynamics Of Magnetic Materials
Magnetic Cooling

PHASE CHANGES
Pvt Surfaces
Clausius–Clapeyron Equation For First-Order Phase Changes
Variation Of Gibbs Function G In First-Order Transitions
Second-Order Phase Changes
Examples Of Phase Changes Of Different Orders
Superconductivity And Superfluidity

OPEN SYSTEMS AND CHEMICAL POTENTIAL
Chemical Potential
Three Applications Of The Chemical Potential

THE THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
Statements Of The Third Law
Consequences Of The Third Law
The Unattainability Of Absolute Zero

QUANTUM STATISTICS
Classical And Quantum Statistics
Photons And Thermal Radiation
Application Of Fermi-Dirac Statistics To Electrons In Metals
Bose-Einstein Condensation

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Author(s)

Biography

*Click here for a Q&A session with the author:
https://www.crcpress.com/go/9781138703780_authorQA

Andrew Rex is professor of physics at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Washington. He received the his B.A. in physics from Illinois Wesleyan University in 1977 and the his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Virginia in 1982. At Virginia he worked under the direction of Bascom S. Deaver, Jr. on the development of new superconducting materials. After completing requirements for the his Ph.D. he joined the faculty at Puget Sound.

Dr. Rex’s primary research interest is in the foundations of the second law of thermodynamics. He has published research articles and, jointly with Harvey Leff, two comprehensive monographs on the subject of Maxwell’s demon (1990, 2003). Dr. Rex has co-authored several widely used textbooks: Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers (1993, 2000, 2006, 2013), Integrated Physics and Calculus (2000), and Essential College Physics (2010), and the popular science book Commonly Asked Questions in Physics, also published by Taylor & Francis / CRC Press.

Dr. Rex has served in administrative roles, including chair of his department and Director of the University of Puget Sound Honors Program. He is devoted to physics education and has been an active participant in the American Association of Physics Teachers, the Society of Physics Students, Sigma Pi Sigma, and Sigma Xi. In 2004 Dr. Rex was recognized for his teaching with the President’s Award for Teaching Excellence.

Reviews

"statistical physics… is a welcome addition to what has become one of the classic thermodynamics textbooks"
—Dr. Kevin Donovan, Queen Mary, University of London

"Finn's text has always been a favourite because of its uncluttered style and the way it anticipates where students will run into problems. This new edition fills out the statistical mechanics coverage of the book, making it again a competitive choice for the way thermodynamics is taught today."
—Dr. Carl Michal, University of British Columbia

"an excellent update and refresh of Finn's classic text. The original content is enhanced by a clearer, more digestible presentation. Additional insights are given to some particularly tricky concepts…. The new chapters on introductory and quantum statistical mechanics expand the book's coverage to encompass all the key topics in undergraduate thermal physics."
—Dr Tim Veal, University of Liverpool

"an excellent general undergraduate textbook…. The inclusion of chapters on classical and quantum statistical mechanics, which are typically not covered in thermodynamics
texts, is particularly welcome. Though the book is mainly aimed at students in physics the treatment of open steady-state flow systems (allowing for the treatment of turbines, compressors and
throttles) makes the book relevant to the teaching of thermodynamics in an engineering context as well."  
—Prof. George Jackson, Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London

"a welcome revision. The addition of material on statistical thermodynamics and quantum statistics, coupled with the excellent treatment of thermodynamic potentials, makes for a well written course text. Suitable for advanced undergrad of graduate students in applied physics, engineering and anyone interested in a scientific approach to thermal science that accompanies standard mechanical engineering thermo quite well."
—Kevin Lyons, Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, NC State University