This new volume in the book series New Concepts in Polymer Science focuses on the problem of creating materials with reduced combustibility as well as the use of polymeric materials for protection from fire or overheating. The majority of polymeric materials are combustible, which has led to the development of polymers, and materials based on these, with reduced combustibility. However the combustibility degree or their ability to protect from fire or high temperature can be indicated only in particular cases of combustion. In this volume the results of the development of physicochemical bases for creating organic polymeric materials with reduced combustibility, which are capable of protecting against high temperatures are discussed. A presentation of chlorinated polyolefins as organic polymers with reduced combustibility is also given.
Preface Introduction Combustion of polymeric materials and methods to reduce it. The mechanism of fire and heat shield covers Investigation methods for fire and heat shield materials and covers based on them Chlorinated polymers as the base for materials with reduced combustibility Current state of chlorinated polyolefins production and application Chlorination methods; Structure and properties Vulcanization Vulcanization effect on physical and mechanical properties and stability of materials Study of vulcanization mechanism and the effect of fillers Fillers Inorganic fillers and their function in decreasing combustibility Organic compounds increasing fire shield properties of materials Combustion decelerators. Operation mechanism and injection methods Methods of antipyren injection into materials Application of phosphorus-containing compounds on the silicon dioxide surface from the liquid phase Obtaining of phosphorus-containing silica filler by mechanochemical method Study of biological activity of phosphorus-containing silicon dioxides Study of fire and heat shield properties of materials filled with modified silicon dioxide Plasticizers Influence of plasticizers on glass transition temperature and flow rate of polymers Classification of plasticizers Selection of plasticizers Miscibility of plasticizers with polymers; Plasticizer effect on mechanical, fire and heat shield, and electrical properties of composite materials Tests of materials. Study of operation mechanism at high-temperature influence Coke formation as the investigation method of fire and heat shield materials and covers The role of intumescence in the problem of fire protection of polymers Intumescence chemistry; Protection through intumescence; The role of ammonium polyphosphates in protection of polymers from fire Development of fire and heat shield materials Climatic natural and artificial aging of materials Multilayer materials for increasing efficiency of covers Materials with surface reinforcement Heat-accumulating materials in cover compositions Estimation of thermophysical properties of heat-accumulating materials Tests of materials as covers for flight information recorders under conditions modeling an accident Conclusion References Subject Index