1st Edition

Firefighters' Clothing and Equipment
Performance, Protection, and Comfort

ISBN 9781498742733
Published November 26, 2018 by CRC Press
358 Pages 110 B/W Illustrations

USD $220.00

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Book Description

Protective clothing and equipment used for firefighters protect them against their harsh working environment loaded with strong thermal hazards, elevated environmental temperatures, low oxygen concentration and smoke. This book describes an in-depth review of firefighting clothing and equipment, and explicitly addresses the performance of protection and comfort in textile engineering, clothing design, and evaluation. Covered topics include protection and comfort requirements for firefighting clothing and equipment, testing methods, standards and performance evaluation, smart firefighting clothing for first responders and numerical modeling of performance of firefighting clothing.

Key Features

  • Presents complete overview about the requirements of firefighters' protective clothing/thermal protective materials
  • Addresses performance of protection and comfort
  • Includes human thermoregulation system and responses to firefighting working environment
  • Discusses SMART firefighting clothing and equipment
  • Suggests "how to improve the wear comfort?

Table of Contents

1. Textiles for Firefighting Protective Clothing

    1. Introduction
    2. Fibres used in firefighting protective clothing
    3. Membranes developed for protective clothing
    4. Fabric structure and nonwovens
    5. Chemical finishing
    6. Thermal protective properties
    7. Thermal comfort properties
    8. Summary


2. Firefighters Protective Clothing and Equipment

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Types and features of firefighters’ protective clothing

2.3 Types and features of firefighters’ protective equipment

2.4 Key issues related to firefighters protective clothing and equipment

2.5 References

3 Human thermoregulation system and comfort

3.1 Body temperature

3.2 Thermal Comfort

3.3 Sensorial comfort

3.4 Movement comfort

3.5 Conclusions

3.6 References

4. Protective Performance of Firefighters’ Clothing

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Evaluation and assessment of the protective performance of fabrics and clothing under thermal hazards

4.3 Evaluation and assessment of the protective performance of fabrics and clothing under non-thermal hazards

4.4 Key issues related to the protective performance of firefighters’ clothing

4.5 Summary and Conclusions

4.6 References

5. Stored thermal energy and protective performance

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Relationship between transmitted and stored thermal energy

5.3 Evaluation method and standard related to stored thermal energy and protective performance

5.4 Influence factors of transmitted and stored thermal energy

5.5 Future trends

5.6 References

6. Functionality and Thermo physiological Comfort of Firefighter Protective Clothing: A Case Study

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Materials and Material Structures

6.3 Material Attributes Relevant to Thermal Comfort

6.4 Use of Absorbent Materials for Improved Comfort

6.5 Effect of surface characteristics of inner layer fabrics on comfort

6.6 Effect of surface characteristics of lightweight fibre blended fabrics on comfort

6.7 Garment Fit and Comfort

6.8 Conclusions

6.9 References

7. Hot plates and thermal manikins for evaluating clothing thermal comfort

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Hot plate

7.3 Thermal manikins

7.4 Applications

7.5 Conclusions

7.6 References

8. Human wear trials for assessing comfort performance of firefighter protective clothing

8.1 Background

8.2 Comfort performance evaluation of firefighting clothing

8.3 Human trial case studies on firefighting protective clothing

8.4 Conclusions

8.5 References

9. 3D body scanning technology and applications in protective clothing

9.1 Introduction to recent development of 3D body scanning technology

9.2 Clothing air gap and contact area

9.3 Effect of air gap on clothing thermal performance

9.4 Summary

9.5 References

10. Instrumented Flash Fire Manikin for Maximizing Protective Clothing Performance

10.1 History of Flash Fire Manikin System

10.2 Combustion Chambers and Simulated Fire

10.3 Thermal Sensors Employed in Manikin System

10.4 Standards

10.5 Application and models of flash fire manikins

10.6 Summary

10.7 References

11. Smart firefighting clothing

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Sensors for firefighter’s health state monitoring

11.3 Sensors for monitoring of environmental parameters and firefighter’s location

11.4 Communication in smart firefighting clothing

11.5 Wireless Body Area Sensor Network within smart firefighting clothing

11.6 Challenges

11.7 Conclusions

11.8 References

12. Numerical modelling for heat and moisture transfer through firefighting protective clothing

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Heat and moisture transfer mechanism

12.3 Numerical models of heat and moisture transfer in protective clothing

12.4 Modelling of skin heat transfer and burn prediction

12.5 Conclusions and future trend

12.6 References

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Guowen Song received his PhD degree in textile engineering, chemistry and science, at College of Textiles, North Carolina State University in North Carolina, USA. Currently he is Noma Scott Lloyd Chair professor in Department of Apparel, Event and Hospitality Management, Iowa State University. Guowen’s academic interest is on textile material and clothing for human safety and health. His work involves modeling studies of textile materials, protective clothing, development of devices and test protocols and analysis of textile and clothing performance. With the existing developed facilities, his efforts are to develop a unique research program that will improve clothing function and performance. His research aims to develop new textile materials and clothing systems through understanding mechanisms and fundamentals associated with heat and mass transfer between human body, clothing and environment. These studies include application of instrumented manikins and human subjects and 3D body scanning technology. Dr. Song has published over 80 scientific papers in refereed journals and conference proceedings. He has edited several books and contributed dozen chapters in textile related books.

Faming Wang is currently an Assistant Professor in Clothing Technology at Institute of Textiles and Clothing (ITC) of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He earned his Lic. Phil. and Ph.D. degrees from Lund University (Sweden) under the supervision of world renowned physiologist Prof. Ingvar Holmér. After his Ph.D. training, Dr. Wang joined Eidgössische Materialprüfungs-und Forschungsanstalt (EMPA- Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, the ETH Domain, Switzerland) as Marie-Curie Fellow. He later became a Full Professor (the youngest full professor in Textiles & Clothing in the history in Mainland China) in Apparel Design & Engineering at Soochow University (Suzhou, China) in Oct. 2013 and there he established Laboratory for Clothing Physiology and Ergonomics (LCPE), a multi-disciplinary research group for the study of thermal interaction of the human body-clothing-environment system. To date, he has authored and co-authored >200 journal publications, conference papers/presentations, technical reports, books/chapters and patents. His published work has been cited >1,000 times and this gave him an h-index of 19 (Google Scholar, as of April 2018). In addition, he serves as the editorial member for several journals including Journal of Thermal Biology (a JCR-Q1 journal). He is also a founder member of Asian Society of Protective Clothing (ASPC).