First Unit Responder: A Guide to Physical Evidence Collection for Patrol Officers, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

First Unit Responder

A Guide to Physical Evidence Collection for Patrol Officers, 1st Edition

By Mark R. Hawthorne

CRC Press

112 pages

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Paperback: 9780849300233
pub: 1998-11-12
$57.95
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Description

"Physical evidence cannot be wrong; it cannot perjure itself; it cannot be wholly absent. Only its interpretation can err. Only human failure to find it, study and understand it, can diminish its value."

-Presiding Judge, Harris v U.S., 331 U.S. 145 (1947)

HOW TO MAINTAIN THE INTEGRITY OF THE CRIME SCENE WHILE CONDUCTING AN INVESTIGATION

First Unit Responder: A Guide to Physical Evidence Collection for Patrol Officers is a training guide and reference for patrol officers and criminal investigators, who conduct preliminary investigations of crime scenes, to aid in identification, collection, and booking of physical evidence. Written by a veteran of 24 years of law enforcement, the book stresses the importance of understanding the critical nature of physical evidence and preservation of the crime scene as part of the case against a criminal defendant. This book is an important tool for police academies that train recruits and veteran patrol officers, as well as for students of criminal justice who seek guidelines for proper collection and handling of physical evidence.

Reviews

"Mark Hawthorne's easy writing style and use of personal anecdotes make this book a relaxed read. First Unit Responder is a good resource for recruit training or criminal justice/criminology students, or as review material for seasoned investigators."

-Cpl. Andreas K. Mendel, NCO in Charge, Forensic Identification Section, West Vancouver Police, in Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal

Table of Contents

Role of the First Unit Responder

Defining Physical Evidence

Importance of Physical Evidence

Characteristics of Evidence

Review

Test Questions and Answers

The First Unit Responder and the Crime Scene

"The Process" of Acronym "ARISN" When Handling a Crime Scene

Maintaining the Integrity of the Scene

Major/Non-Major Scenes Defined

Indoor/Outdoor Scenes

Death Case Observations

Review

Test Questions and Answers

Identifying and Documenting the Evidence

Categories and Types of Evidence

Uses of Physical Evidence

Chain of Custody

Documenting the Evidence

Photographs

Sketches

Collecting the Evidence

Most Commonly Encountered Evidence and Packaging

Clothing, Hair, Fibers

Firearms

Bullets and Cartridge Casings

Gunshot Residue

Other Weapons

Questioned Documents

Money

Jewelry

Chemical Evidence

Suspected Drugs/Narcotics

Miscellaneous Items

Latent Fingerprints - A.F.I.S.

Blood

Vehicles

Review

Test Questions and Answers

Fingerprints and the Crime

Victim Interaction

Categories of Fingerprints

Latent

Known

Plastic

Patent

Identifiable vs. Usable Latents

A.F.I.S. Quality Latents

Determining Likelihood of the Presence of Latents

Hand Covering during the Crime

Point of Entry (POE)

Latent Fingerprint Collection

Latent Fingerprint Development Techniques

Review

Test Questions and Answers

Case Preparation/Courtroom Testimony

Case Review by Officer

Direct Examination

A.D.A. Conference

Rules of Discovery

Court Attire

Stages of Court Appearance

Introduction

Body/Introduction of Evidence

DIrect/Cross Examination

Closing/Rebuttal

Follow-Up by Officer

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HOM021000
HOUSE & HOME / Security
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science