Flow Transition Design in Hydraulic Structures: 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Flow Transition Design in Hydraulic Structures

1st Edition

By S.K. Mazumder

CRC Press

190 pages | 114 B/W Illus.

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Description

Transitions are provided in hydraulic structures for economy and efficiency. This book covers all types of flow transitions: sub-critical to sub-critical, sub-critical to super critical, super-critical to sub-critical with hydraulic jump, and super-critical to super-critical transitions. It begins with an introduction followed by characteristics of flow in different types of transitions and procedures for hydraulic design of transitions in different structures. Different types of appurtenances used to control flow separation and ensure uniform flow at exit of transition and diffusers are included. Examples of hydraulic design of a few typical hydraulic structures are given as well.

Table of Contents

Chapter-1: INTRODUCTION

    1. Definition of Transition
    2. Necessity of Transition in Hydraulic structures
    3. Classification of Transitions
    4. Contracting and Expanding Transitions and Their Performance
    5. Fluming of Hydraulic Structures
    6. Length of Transition
    7. Different Shapes of Transition Structures
    8. Economics of Transition structures
    9. Historical Development of Transition structures

References

Chapter-2: CHARACTRISTICS OF FLOW IN TRANSITION STRUCTURES

2.1 General

2.2 Flow Characteristics in Contracting and Expanding Transitions with Free Surface Sub-Critical Flow

2.3 Characteristics of Flow from Sub-critical to Super-Critical State/Flow Over A Spillway

2.4 Characteristics of Flow from Super-critical to Sub-critical stage/Hydraulic Jump

2.5 Super-Critical Flow Transition

2.6 Flow Characteristics in Closed Conduit Flow Transitions

References

CHAPTER-3: DIFFERENT METHODS OF DESIGN OF TRANSITION IN HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Design of Contracting Transition In Sub-Critical Flow

3.3 Design of Expanding Transition in Sub-Critical Flow

3.4 Design of Transition from Sub-Critical to Super-Critical Flow

3.5 Design of Super-Critical Flow Transition

3.6 Design of Transition in Closed Conduit Under Pressure Flow

References

Chapter-4: APPURTENANCES FOR ECONOMIC AND EFFICIENT DESIGN OF TRANSITION STRUCTURES

4.1 Introduction

4.2classical Methods Of Boundary- Layer Flow Control In Sub-Critical Flow

4.3 Performance of Sub-Critical Expansion With Triangular Vanes

4.4 Use Of Bed Deflector For Cntrol Of Separation In Sub-Critical Expansion

4.5 Control of Separation with Adverse Slope to Floor of Sub-Critical Expansion

4.6 Transition From Super-Critical To Sub-Critical Flow With Forced Hydraulic Jump

4.7 Control Of Shock Waves In Super-Critical Transition

References

Chapter-5: ILLUSTRATIVE DESIGN OF FLOW TRANSITIONS IN HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Design of Sub-Critical Transition for A Concrete Flume Illustrating Hind’s Method of Design

5.3 Design of Sub-Critical Transition for An Aqueduct with Warped Type Hinds Inlet Transition and Straight Expansion with Adverse Bed Slope

5.4 Design of Sub-Critical Contracting Transition (assuming linear variation of mean velocity in contraction) and Provided with Triangular Vanes in Straight Expansion

5.5 DESIGN OF A CANAL DROP ILLUSTRATING DSIGN OF (a) INLET SUB-CRITICAL TRANSITION BY JAEGER METHOD (b) SUB-CRITICAL TO SUPER-CRITICAL TRNSITION WITH OGEE TYPE PROFILE AND (c) SUPER-CRITICAL TO SUB-CRITICAL TRANSITION IN A BASIN WITH DIVERGING SIDE-WALLS

5.6 DESIGN A STILLING BASIN OF USBR TYPE-III FOR AN OGEE-TYPE SPILLWAY

5.7 DESIGN OF SUPER-CRITICAL TRANSITION

About the Author

Professor S.K. Mazumder was born in 1938. He completed PhD from IIT, Kharagpur. He is Fellow of The Institution Of Engineers (India) IE(I), Indian Society for Hydraulics (ISH), Indian Water Resources Society (IWRS), and Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP) and a member of International Association of Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR), Indian Roads Congress (IRC), Institute of Public Health Engineers, India (IPHE), Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA), Consulting Engineers Association of India (CEAI), and Consultancy Development Center (CDC). He has 58 years of experience in teaching, research, and consultancy in hydraulics and water resources engineering. He was a principal investigator of several sponsored research schemes. He guided 30 theses at post- graduate level and 10 projects at undergraduate level. He published 193 technical papers in national and international journals and conferences and wrote one book published by Tata McGraw Hill Ltd. New Delhi and contributed chapter in two books published by Kluwer Academic Publishers, London and Springer, Germany. He is editor-in-chief of proceedings of a national conference. He received several awards for his papers from IE(I) and IRC.He was Dean, Faculty of Technology, Delhi University, and Emeritus Fellow with AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education). He was a visiting professor at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnic Federal Lausanne), Switzerland. He got lifetime achievement award from the Indian Society of Hydraulics (ISH) for his contribution in hydraulics and water resources engineering.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009110
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Dams & Reservoirs