Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination, SECOND EDITION, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Footwear Impression Evidence

Detection, Recovery and Examination, SECOND EDITION, 2nd Edition

By William J. Bodziak

CRC Press

528 pages

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pub: 1999-09-17
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Description

Reviewed and recognized as the most authoritative source  in the field, this book describes the methods used worldwide to recover and identify footwear impressions from the scene of a crime.

In this new edition,  everything, including the original twelve chapters,  bibliography, appendix, etc., has been clarified, updated and expanded. This edition includes updated and new information on recovery procedures and materials such as lifting, photography and casting; chemical enhancement; updated information about footwear manufacturing; footwear sizing; and known impression techniques and materials.

WHAT’S NEW IN THE SECOND EDITION:

Besides updating and expanding the twelve original chapters, Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination, Second Edition adds three new chapters: one chapter on barefoot evidence, which concerns impressions made by the naked or sock-clad foot or those which remain in abandoned or discarded footwear; another new chapter on several cases in which the footwear impression evidence was of primary importance in bringing about a conviction or confession; and finally, a new chapter on the footwear impression evidence in the O.J. Simpson criminal and civil cases.

Reviews

"The book is an updated edition of Bodziaks' jhighly respected Footwear Impression Evidence, published in 1990, which at the time also updated and brought together knowledge, which the footwear impression examiner would require in practice. . . There is no doubt that this book is essential reading for the footwear impression examiner, representing the most comprehensive considerations of footwear impression evidence to date. . . the book is an essential purchase for anyone involved in footwear identification. The first edition was a classic in its own right written by an acknowledged master in the field of footwear impression evidence. . . Despite this, I would undoubtedly recommend the book for those working in this area of identification."

—Dr, Wesley Vernon PhD

”…contains virtually everything that a footwear mark examiner should know about, with information gleaned from all around the world… an extremely useful reference for any aspiring footwear mark examiner. Even long established examiners are likely to find something of interest in it.”

Science & Justice

Review of the first edition:

”By any measure this is a comprehensive treatment of the many forensic components of shoemark evidence.”

Forensic Science International

Table of Contents

AWARENESS, DETECTION AND TREATMENT OF FOOTWEAR IMPRESSION EVIDENCE

General Information Regarding Footwear Impression Evidence

Formation of Footwear Impression

Finding Footwear Impressions at the Scene of the Crime

General Treatment of Impressions

PHOTOGRAPHY OF FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS

General Crime Scene Photography

Examination Quality Photography

Checklist for Examination Quality Photography

CASTING THREE-DIMENSIONAL FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS

Introduction to Casting

Casting Materials

Methods of Casting with Dental Stone

After the Cast is Poured

Casting Footwear Impressions in Snow

The Importance of Casting All Three-Dimensional Impressions

TREATMENT OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS

Lifting Two-Dimensional Footwear Impressions

Lifting Impressions Electrostatically

Gelatin and Adhesive Lifting

Other Lifting Materials and Choices

Impressions That are Difficult to Lift

Powdering Impressions

Selection of Proper Lifting Materials

Deformable Impressions

THE ENHANCEMENT OF FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS

Specialized Lighting and Forensic Photographic Methods

Physical Methods

Chemical Enhancement

Chemical Methods for Enhancement of Residue Impressions

Chemical Methods for Enhancement of Footwear Impressions in Blood

Sequencing of Enhancement Techniques

Three-Dimensional Impression Enhancement

Use of Computers

FOOTWEAR SIZING

Shoe Sizing and Shoe Sizing Systems

Forensic Considerations

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF SYNTHETIC SOLED SHOES

The Footwear Industry

The Molding Process

Molding Processes

The Cut Processes

Recognition of Manufacturing Methods

Some Reasons for Shoes of One Size and Design Varying

KNOWN SHOES OF SUSPECTS AND THE PREPARATION OF KNOWN IMPRESSIONS

Obtaining the Known Shoes From the Suspect

Footwear Databases

Test Impressions of Known Shoes

Summary

WEAR CHARACTERISTICS

Defining Wear Characteristics

Factors Influencing the Wear of Shoe Outsoles

Considerations of Wear Characteristics During Examination

CLASS AND IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS

Class Characteristics

Identifying Characteristics

Characteristics Required for Positive Identification

Changes in Identifying Characteristics as Shoe Wear Continues

COMPARISON OF THE QUESTIONED IMPRESSION WITH KNOWN SHOES

Treatment of the Evidence

Variation and Distortion

Examination of the Questioned Impression

Results

THE FOOTWEAR IMPRESSION EXAMINER IN COURT

What Constitutes an Expert Witness?

What Qualifies a Footwear Impression Examiner as an Expert?

PreTrial Conferences

Presentation of Examination Results in Court

Last Minute Examinations

IMPRESSIONS OF THE FOOT

Introduction

Individuality of the Feet

Known Standards of the Feet

The Examination Process

Case Examples

SOME CASE APPLICATIONS

St. Croix Homicide Case

The New York Gap Homicide

Denver Multiple Homicide Case

The Naperville Case

A New York Serial Robbery/Homicide Case

A South Carolina Homicide

THE FOOTWEAR IMPRESSION EVIDENCE IN THE O. J. SIMPSON TRIAL

References

Glossary

Appendix

Index

About the Series

Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science