Forensic Botany: Principles and Applications to Criminal Casework, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Forensic Botany

Principles and Applications to Criminal Casework, 1st Edition

Edited by Heather Miller Coyle

CRC Press

336 pages | 8 Color Illus. | 82 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849315299
pub: 2004-09-15
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Description

Increasingly, forensic scientists use plant evidence to reconstruct crimes. The forensic aspects of this subject require an understanding of what is necessary for botanical evidence to be accepted in our judicial system.

Bringing together the latest information into a single resource, Forensic Botany: Principles and Applications to Criminal Casework introduces the basic science underlying this emerging field of forensic botany. Contributors discuss the recognition of pertinent plant evidence at a crime scene, the appropriate collection and preservation of the material, and maintenance of a chain of custody. They also explain scientific testing methods, the validation of new forensic techniques, and admissibility criteria for court. An overview of plant biology and historical developments in forensic DNA analysis is also included, as well as case examples featuring the use of botanical evidence in a variety of criminal cases.

In an effort to build the scientific foundation for this promising field, this book provides definitive coverage of forensic botany with detailed applications and case examples. It familiarizes forensic scientists with the role of botanical evidence in criminal investigations and its potential value in the pursuit of justice.

Reviews

"…very well written and informative, providing the reader with an excellent and concise introduction to plant biology, plant genetics, plant identification procedures, and the application of botanical evidence in criminal cases. All forensic scientists will enjoy reading the fascinating case examples highlighting the use botanical evidence. Scientists in forensic DNA typing analysis and trace evidence examination will value this book as an excellent reference text."

-Canadian Society of Forensic Science, Peter Bilous, M.Sc., Ph.D.

"This book provides an essential introduction to the field, to all those who have an interest in scenes of crime investigation as well as forensic pathologists … . [W]ell written … easy to read … [and] thought provoking. It is not often that one is introduced to a whole new area of forensic practice, and not have the slightest idea what it entails. With the benefit of this fairly unique book, no on need be in that position when his exciting field of forensic botany takes off."

- www.forensicmed.co.uk

"Good reference text on biology and its relationship to forensic science. Good illustrations, easy to read."

-Journal of the American Association of Forensic Dentists

"Coyle is a bone fide plant biologist having received a Ph.D, in plant biology from the University of New Hampshire … . She does a good job of making sure to direct her botanical summaries to forensics. Her descriptions of using plants as crime scene evidence are almost reminiscent of ethnobotanical descriptions. Coyle et al. keep us interested in their descriptions by not just explaining techniques but providing a variety of high-quality, pertinent examples to show how these techniques have been used in the past. The appendix, Considerations for the Use of Forensic Botanical Evidence: An Overview, is an excellent resource … . I like Coyle’s book and it would make an excellent addition to a forensic biologist’s library."

— Alfredo Gomez-Beloz, Center for World Indigenous Studies, Olympia, WA in Economic Botany 61(2) 2007

"Forensic Botany: Principles and Applications to Criminal Casework is packed with details – details that forensic scientists must note and perhaps use in their crime scene investigations."

– David M. Jarzen, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, in AASP Newsletter, June 2007, Vol. 40, No. 2

Table of Contents

Introduction to Forensic Botany, Heather Miller Coyle

Basic Plant Biology, Heather Miller Coyle

Plant Cell Structure and Function, Heather Miller Coyle

Modes of Plant Reproduction, Heather Miller Coyle

DNA Structure and Function

Fundamental Genetics, Nicholas C.S. Yang

Molecular Biology Basics, Heather Miller Coyle

Plant Diversity, Heather Miller Coyle

The Use of Biological and Botanical Evidence in Criminal Investigations, Carll Ladd, Henry C. Lee

An Overview of Historical Developments in Forensic DNA Analysis, Gary Shutler

DNA and the Identification of Plant Species from Stomach , Cheng-Lung Lee, Ian C. Hsu, and Henry C. Lee

Plant Identification by DNA

Identification of Plant Species from Particulate Material Using Molecular Methods, Robert Bever

Species Identification of Marijuana by DNA Analysis, Margaret Sanger

Case Study: DNA Profiling to Link Drug Seizures in the United Kingdom, Adrian Linacre, Hsing-Mei Hsieh, and James Chun-I Lee

Case Applications of Forensic Botany

The Green Revolution: Botanical Contributions to Forensics and Drug Enforcement, Heather Miller Coyle, Carll Ladd, Timothy Palmbach, Esq., and Henry C. Lee

Additional Case Studies, Elaine Pagliaro

Tracking Clonally Propagated Marijuana Using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) Analysis, Heather Miller Coyle, Timothy Palmbach, Carll Ladd, and Henry C. Lee

Legal Considerations for Acceptance of New Forensic Methods in Court, Timothy Palmbach

Forensic Palynology, Lynne A. Milne, Vaughn M. Bryant, Jr., and Dallas C. Mildenhall

Classical and Future DNA Typing Technologies for Plants, Eric J. Carita

Appendix 1: Considerations for the Use of Forensic Botanical Evidence: An Overview

Appendix 2: Glossary of Terms

Appendix 3: Directory of Contacts

Appendix 4: Biographies

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
SCI011000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany