Forensic Engineering Fundamentals  book cover
1st Edition

Forensic Engineering Fundamentals

ISBN 9781439878392
Published December 12, 2012 by CRC Press
487 Pages 243 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Forensic engineers often specialize in a particular area such as structures, fires, or accident reconstruction. However, the nature of the work often requires broad knowledge in the interrelated areas of physics, chemistry, biomechanics, and engineering. Covering cases as varied as assessment of workplace accidents to the investigation of Halliburton in the BP oil spill, Forensic Engineering Fundamentals is a comprehensive introduction to the many diverse facets of the field that forensic engineers must be familiar with in their practice.

Topics include

  • The role of the forensic engineer
  • Structures, structural distress, and the importance of standards and codes
  • The failure of appliances—the cause of many water- or fire-related losses
  • Slips, trips, and falls of pedestrians and the accessibility of walking surfaces
  • Industrial incidents involving loss of equipment, injury and loss of life, as well as OSHA and MSHA regulations
  • Standard accident reconstruction involving vehicles
  • Electrical incidents and lightning and the effect of electrical energy on the human body
  • Analysis of fires with an emphasis on thermodynamics, testing, and simulation
  • Carbon monoxide incidents and common fire suppression and warning systems, as well as the various NFPA codes
  • Probability and uncertainty, with some basic calculations available to the forensic engineer
  • Applicable standards and protocols that have developed over the years to protect life and property
  • Offering readers real-world experience drawn from the authors’ 25 years of experience, this volume assists newcomers to the field in understanding the engineering basics underlying the cases they will encounter in their practice. It also serves as a reliable reference for those confronted with issues outside their area of expertise.

    Table of Contents

    Structural Distress
    Substandard Design and Construction
    Some Structural Basics
    Structures: Mechanics and Force Systems
    Newton’s Laws and Equilibrium
    Work and Energy: Conservation Principles
    Properties of Areas
    Mechanics or Strength of Materials
    Allowable Stress and Strength Design Methods
    Chimney Damage
    Truss Analysis
    Example: Truss Failure
    Dynamic Loading
    Wind Damage
    Snow, Hail, and Rain
    Stresses on Cylindrical Pressure Vessels
    Load Analysis on Pilings
    Blasting and Earth Movement
    Introduction to Soil Behavior
    Techniques of Subsurface Investigations
    Identification of Rocks
    Supporting Capacity of Earth Formations
    Stability of Natural Slopes
    Atterberg Limits
    Blasting Damage
    Heavy Equipment Vibrations
    Wave Pressure
    Mold and Environmental Problems
    Airborne Particles
    Building Materials
    Vibrations and Sound
    Ergonomics and Illumination
    Water-Related Losses
    Fluid Statics and Dynamics
    Open Channel Flow
    Hydrology and Water Runoff
    Plumbing and Fittings
    Water Hammer
    Soils and the Water Table
    Appliances and Equipment Failures
    Kitchen and Household Appliances
    HVAC Systems
    Pumps, Generators, and Motors
    Dissolution of Aluminum
    Welding Failures
    Interpreting Electrical Activity
    Component Fracture Mechanics
    Gouge Spacing
    Broken Pole Analysis
    Slips and Falls
    Walkway Safety
    Standard of Care
    American Disabilities Act
    Testing of Slip Resistance of Walking Surfaces
    Force Required to Pull a Dolly
    Biomechanics of Falls
    Sight Distance for Pedestrians
    Pedestrians and Trains
    Departure Sight Distance Calculations
    Moving Vehicle Sight Distance Calculations
    Calculation of Train Speed
    Human Injuries and the Strength of Human Tissue
    Bone Fractures
    Transverse Fracture of Long Bones
    Head Injury
    Head Injury Criterion
    Compilation of Studies Involving Occupant Kinematics and Vehicle Impacts
    Biomechanics of Injury
    Vehicular Collisions with Pedestrians or Bicyclists
    Internal Organ Injuries
    Knee Injuries
    Injuries of the Hand, Wrist, and Elbow
    Teeth Injuries
    Lower Leg Injuries
    Shoulder Injuries
    Hip Injuries
    Industrial and Construction Accidents
    Equipment Losses
    Injuries and Death
    Accident Reconstruction
    Basic Principles of Physics
    Introduction to Energy Methods
    Momentum Methods
    Electrical Incidents and Lightning
    Electrical Distribution Systems
    Some Basic Equations
    Switch Failure
    Current in a Bus Bar
    Current in a Solid Wire Conductor
    Testing of Transistors and Electrical Components
    Impulse Voltages
    Low-Voltage Electrocutions
    Swimming Pool Electrocutions
    Animal Testing
    Medium-Voltage Electrocutions
    High-Voltage Electrocutions
    Human Conductivity
    Response of Human Tissue to Electrical Stimulation
    Electrical Modeling of the Human Body
    Thermodynamic Principles
    Systems and Processes
    Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
    Explosive Limits
    Flash Points
    Transfer of Heat
    First Law of Thermodynamics
    Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy
    Heat Flow
    Explosive Characteristics
    Flow of Gas through a Pipe
    Thermal Conductivity, Convectivity, and Radiation
    Gas Can Burn
    Live Burns
    House Fires
    Car Fires
    Miscellaneous Losses
    Carbon Monoxide
    Chains and Hooks
    Examination of Vehicle Lightbulbs and Filaments
    Defeating Locks
    Vehicle Computer Interrogation
    Engine Wear
    Fire Suppression Systems
    Probability, Sensitivity, and Uncertainty
    Sensitivity and Uncertainty
    Probability and Statistics
    Protocol for Forensic Investigations
    Standard Guide for Forensic Engineering Inspections and Investigations
    ASTM Standards
    FMV Standards
    SAE Standards
    Relevant Construction Standards
    NFPA Standards
    International Standards
    Appendix A: Values of Fundamental Constants (MKS Units)
    Appendix B: Acronyms
    Appendix C: Conversion Factors

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    Featured Author Profiles

    Author - Harold  Franck

    Harold Franck

    President, Florida Office, Advanced Engineering Associates Inc.

    Learn more about Harold Franck »

    Author - Darren  Franck

    Darren Franck

    President - WV Office, Advanced Engineering Associates Inc.
    Charleston, WV, US

    Learn more about Darren Franck »

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