Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition

By James Robertson, Claude Roux, Kenneth G. Wiggins

© 2018 – CRC Press

465 pages | 122 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439828649
pub: 2017-12-18
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Description

In order for forensic fibre examiners to fully utilize fibre and textile evidence during their analysis, they require not only specialised forensic knowledge but also in-depth knowledge of fibres, yarns and fabrics themselves. Production, both the chemical and physical structure, and the properties of these materials is required in order to determine the value of fibre evidence. This includes knowing production figures, fashion changes, sudden arrivals of new materials, dye variability, and numerous other factors that may have a bearing on the information obtained.

Fully updated with the latest advances, Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition continues in the tradition of the First (1992) and Second Editions (1999) as the premier text on the subject of forensic fibre analysis. The international team of contributing authors detail the recovery of the evidence—through the different stages of laboratory examination—to the evaluation of the meaning of findings. The coverage has been considerably expanded, and all material, has been revised and wholly updated. Topics covered include examining damaged textiles, infrared microspectroscopy and thin layer chomatography, and colour analyses. 

This edition also highlights the critical role of quality assurance in ensuring the reliability of the technical observations and results, and, in doing so, looks at the implications of supervisory managers and labs in the accurate and responsible analysis of such evidence.

Features include:

  • Outlining evidentiary process from collecting and preserving the evidence at the crime scene through the laboratory analysis of fibres
  • Detailing the latest developments and emerging technologies including Kevlar and other such advances in fibre technology
  • Coverage of a broad array of fibres both, natural (cellulose, protein, and mineral) and man-made fibres including synthetic, inorganic and regenerated

Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition is a much-needed update to the classic book, serving as an indispensable reference to crime scene technicians, laboratory forensic scientists and microscopists, students in police, forensic, and justice science programs.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics: An Introduction to Production, Structure and Properties

[Stanley MacArthur Fergusson and Jane Marie Hemmings]

2. Textile Damage Interpretation

[Jane Marie Hemmings, Debra Carr and James Robertson]

3. Ropes and Cordages

[Kenneth G. Wiggins]

4. From Crime Scene to Laboratory

[James Robertson and Claude Roux]

5. Microscopic Examination of Fibres

[Samuel J. Palenik]

6. Colour Analysis of Fibres

[Thomas W. Biermann and Kenneth G. Wiggins]

7. Infrared Microspectroscopy of Fibres

[K. Paul Kirkbride]

8. Raman Spectroscopy of Fibres

[Jane Marie Hemmings]

9. Other Instrumental Approaches to Fibre Examination

[Claude Roux, Rachel Morison and Philip Maynard]

10. Interpretation of Fibre Evidence

10.1. Factors Influencing Interpretation

[Michael Grieve and Claude Roux]

10.2. Aids to Interpretation

[Claude Roux and Kenneth G. Wiggins]

10.3. A Probabilistic Approach to the Evaluation of Fibre Evidence

[Christophe Champod and Franco Taroni]

11. Future Trends for Forensic Fibre Examination

11.1. New Fibre Developments

[Kornelia Nehse and Sandy Koch]

11.2. Emerging Technologies and Management Considerations

[Michael Grieve, Max M. Houck and James Robertson]

About the Authors

James Robertson of the National Centre for Forensic Studies (NCFS) at the University of Canberra graduated with a BSc (Hons) in 1972 and PhD in 1976 from the University of Glasgow. He lectured in forensic science at the University of Strathclyde from 1976 to 1985 before moving to Australia. After five years at the State Forensic Science Centre in Adelaide he completed twenty years as the head of the forensic group with the Australian Federal Police (AFP) in the process developing a world class and respected forensic group from modest beginnings. He returned to an academic role as a Professorial Fellow on his retirement from the AFP in 2010. He is currently also the Director of the NCFS.

He is also an Honorary or Adjunct Professor at several Australian and overseas universities. He has published well over 100 scientific papers and book chapters, edited or coedited four textbooks, is the Editor of the Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences and is a member of the editorial board of several journals.

He has held senior positions on all forensic advisory groups and organisations in Australia including being the current President of the Australian Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS), Vice-President of the Australian and New Zealand Forensic Science Society (ANZFSS), Chair of the Advisory Forum to the National Institute of Forensic Sciences (NIFS), Chair of Standards Australia (SA) Forensic Committee and a past Chair of the Senior Managers Australian and New Zealand Forensic Laboratories (SMANZFL).

His contribution to the forensic sciences and education has been recognised with the awards of a Doctor of the University by the University of Canberra, the Australian Public Service Medal (PSM) and a Member of the Order of Australia (AM).

James continues his active interest in, and passion for, the forensic aspects of trace evidence, especially fibres and hairs.

Claude Roux completed his undergraduate and PhD studies in forensic science at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, then migrated to Australia in 1996 where he was appointed as a lecturer at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). His PhD thesis focused on fibre evidence interpretation. Since then, Claude has been pivotal to the development of forensic science in his adopted country over the past 21 years by developing and leading the first undergraduate degree and PhD program in forensic science in Australia. In 2002, he became the founding Director of the UTS Centre for Forensic Science, being Professor of Forensic Science since 2004. His professional motivation has been largely driven by his vision of forensic science as a distinctive academic and holistic researchbased discipline.

Throughout his career, Claude has published more than 160 refereed papers and 25 book chapters and a large number of conference presentations. Although his research activities cover a broad spectrum of forensic science across social and experimental sciences, he remains active in the area of fibres, being a member of the European Fibres Group (now ENFSI Textile and Hair Group) since its inception in 1993. Claude is a member of the editorial board of six scientific journals and of a number of working and advisory groups. He is the immediate past President of the Australian & New Zealand Forensic Science Society (ANZFSS), the current Vice-President of the Australian Academy of Forensic Sciences and a Fellow of the Royal Society of New South Wales. Between 2014 and 2016, he also served on the Scientific Advisory Board of the International Criminal Court, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Kenneth G Wiggins joined the then Metropolitan Police Forensic Science Laboratory (MPFSL) in 1970. Moving from the biochemistry section Ken specialised in the forensic examination of fibres. With the merger of the MPFSL into the Forensic Science Service (FSS) in 1996, he moved to the Analytical services group before a move to the Research and Development Division as an advisor and consultant dealing with fibres. Ken published a number of key papers especially in the areas of fibre dye analysis and he was the author of the chapter on ropes and cordage in the second edition of the Forensic Examination of Fibres which has been retained in this third edition. Ken formed a close professional relationship with Mike Grieve that saw them work on a number of major strategic projects such as the establishment of the European Fibres Group (EFG) with Mike and Ken taking on the executive roles in this group and developing it into one of the most successful ENSFI (European Network of Forensic Institutes ) working groups. Ken was to be a co-editor of this third edition but sadly Ken passed away in 2009 from motor neurone disease. As with the contributions to the second edition from Mike Grieve, the contributions from Ken have also been retained, and updated where appropriate, to recognise the substantial contribution made to the forensic examination of fibres by Ken Wiggins over a forty year time span in forensic science.

About the Series

International Forensic Science and Investigation

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science