190 pages | 23 Color Illus. | 6 B/W Illus.
The influence of the past, and of the future on current-time tradeoffs in the forest arena are particularly relevant given the long-term successions in forest landscapes and the hundred years’ rotations in forestry. Historically established path dependencies and conflicts determine our present situation and delimit what is possible to achieve. Similarly, future trends and desires have a large influence on decision making. Nevertheless, decisions about forest governance and management are always made in the present – in the present-time appraisal of the developed situation, future alternatives and in negotiation between different perspectives, interests, and actors.
This book explores historic and future outlooks as well as current tradeoffs and methods in forest governance and management. It emphasizes the generality and complexity with empirical data from Sweden and internationally. It first investigates, from a historical perspective, how previous forest policies and discourses have influenced current forest governance and management. Second, it considers methods to explore alternative forest futures and how the results from such investigations may influence the present. Third, it examines current methods of balancing tradeoffs in decision-making among ecosystem services. Based on the findings the authors develop an integrated approach – Reflexive Forestry – to support exchange of knowledge and understandings to enable capacity building and the establishment of common ground. Such societal agreements, or what the authors elaborate as forest social contracts, are sets of relational commitment between involved actors that may generate mutual action and a common directionality to meet contemporary challenges.
"This readable book is aimed at international forest researchers, as well as forest managers, practitioners and policy makers. The book is written in accessible style with sufficient introduction and explanations such that little prior experience of the topic is needed to use the information in the book effectively. Although not stated, it appears especially useful for Swedish audiences and academics in the field of forest governance and practice.." - Verina Ingram, Assistant Professor, Wageningen UR in International Forestry Review Vol.20(1), 2018
Part I: Looking back
Chapter 1 Forest Benefits
Chapter 2 Forest Knowledge and management
Chapter 3 Forest governance
Part II: Looking forward
Chapter 4 Methods to study forests’ futures
Chapter 5 Contemporary future forest research
Chapter 6 Reflective forest futures
Part III: Grasping the present
Chapter 7 Integrated approaches – in theory and practice
Chapter 8 Efforts to bridge governance and management in Swedish forests
Part IV Reflective Forestry
Chapter 9 The Principles of Reflective Forestry
Chapter 10 The toolbox of Reflective Forestry
Chapter 11 Towards a new forest social contract?
Main Authors: Erland Mårald, Camilla Sandström and Annika Nordin
Contributing Authors: Lucy Rist, Anna Sténs, Karin Beland Lindahl, Annika Carlsson-Kanyama, Johanna Johansson, Carina Keskitalo, Hjalmar Laudon, Rolf Lidskog, Tomas Lämås, Tomas Lundmark, Urban Nilsson, Eva-Maria Nordström, Jean-Michel Roberge and Johan Sonesson