3rd Edition

# Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications

344 Pages 382 Color & 42 B/W Illustrations
by CRC Press

344 Pages 382 Color & 42 B/W Illustrations
by CRC Press

The Third Edition of Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications is a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying the solid state in chemistry, physics, materials science, geological sciences, and engineering. It takes a straightforward, logical approach to explaining how atoms are arranged in crystals and how crystal systems are related to each other. New to this edition is the inclusion of interactive starter programs in Python, which allow the students to focus on concepts and not treat crystallographic programs as ‘black boxes.’

Since many students have trouble visualizing three dimensional constructions, this book begins with detailed discussions in two dimensions leading up to the three-dimensional understanding. The first 7 chapters introduce the fundamental principles; chapter 8 suggests student projects, and the final 7 chapters give detailed examples of the 7 crystal systems.

Key features:

Uses Python, the leading open-source scientific language, with libraries including Numpy for matrix manipulations, Matplotlib for graphics and Mplot3d for interactive 3-D modelling.  Provides a gentle introduction to Python with Jupyter Notebooks, which combine interactive code and formatted documentation.

Color codes both point group and space group diagrams using a new scheme devised by the author to emphasize the change of handedness of the symmetry operations and their consequences.

Suggests student projects with data that can be found in the free Teaching Subset of the Cambridge Structural Database, the American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database, and others.

This book’s thorough but accessible style gives students a strong foundation in the subject. Over one thousand students have successfully used this book at Virginia Tech, and many more will continue to benefit from this new edition.

Author Biographies

Preface

Acknowledgements

1.       Lattices

2.       Unit Cell Calculations

3.       Point Groups

4.       Space Groups

5.       The Reciprocal Lattice

6.       Properties of X-rays

7.       Electron Density maps

8.       Introduction to the Seven Crystals Exemplifying the Seven Crystal Systems

9.       Triclinic Crystal System: DL-Leucine

10.   Monoclinic Crystal System: Sucrose

11.   Orthorhombic Crystal System: Polyethylene

12.   Tetragonal Crystal System: -Cristobalite

13.   Trigonal Crystal System: H12B122-, 3K+, Br-

14.   Hexagonal Crystal System: Magnesium

15.   Cubic Crystal System: Acetylene

Index

### Biography

Maureen M. Julian earned an AB from Hunter College, New York City, with a double major in physics and mathematics, and a PhD from Cornell University, in physical chemistry, with a thesis in crystallography.  She was a research fellow at University College London, with Professor Kathleen Lonsdale.  She taught crystallography for 24 years to over a thousand students in the Materials Science Department at Virginia Tech. She resides in Hummelstown, PA and Montauk, NY.

Carla Slebodnick earned a BS in chemistry from Carnegie Mellon University and a PhD in inorganic chemistry from Northwestern University.  She was an NIH Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Michigan. Since 1998 she has been doing crystallographic research and teaching in the chemistry department at Virginia Tech. She resides in Blacksburg, VA with her husband and two daughters.

Francis T. Julian earned an AB from Cornell University in computer science and an MS from the University of Virginia also in computer science. He is at Oliver Wyman and resides in Princeton Junction, NJ with his wife, daughter, and son.