In recent years, an increasing amount of research has argued that the successful transformation of rebel organization into parties is critical to stable post-conflict peace and democratization. However, the process of the transformation of rebel groups into parties is not well understood. Under what conditions do rebel groups transform into parties? Or into something else? What are the causal mechanisms that lead to the "successful" transformation of rebel groups into political parties? Does the transformation of rebel groups into parties actually contribute to political stability and democratization? How does transformation differ from region to region? The chapters in this book directly address these questions, and include a combination of broader theoretical and empirical chapters coupled with several in depth case studies by some of the most notable scholars in the field. It should prove indispensable to students of both civil wars, post-conflict peace, and political parties.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Democratization.
Introduction to the special issue "From bullets to ballots: the transformation of rebel groups into political parties"
1. Political party formation by former armed opposition groups after civil war
Carrie Manning and Ian Smith
2. Rebel-to-party transformations in civil war peace processes 1975–2011
Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Sophia Hatz
3. Does political inclusion of rebel parties promote peace after civil conflict?
Michael Christopher Marshall and John Ishiyama
4. From victorious rebels to strong authoritarian parties: prospects for post-war democratization
5. The Guatemalan National Revolutionary unit: the long collapse
Michael E. Allison
6. Rebel-to-political and back? Hamas as a security provider in Gaza between rebellion, politics and governance
Benedetta Berti and Beatriz Gutiérrez
The journal, Democratization, emerged in 1994, during ‘the third wave of democracy’, a period which saw democratic transformation of dozens of regimes around the world. Over the last decade or so, the journal has published a number of special issues as books, each of which has focused upon cutting edge issues linked to democratization. Collectively, they underline the capacity of democratization to induce debate, uncertainty, and perhaps progress towards better forms of politics, focused on the achievement of the democratic aspirations of men and women everywhere.