This book makes a timely contribution to understanding perceptions on national identity and National Education, with both of them have become controversial topics in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China. In a so-called globalization era, national identity and National Education, with the latter having an aim of fostering a Chinese national identity in education, have been significantly pushed ahead by the Hong Kong SAR government since the early 2000s as a response to the return of sovereignty to China in 1997. Teacher perception matters to what they select and how they teach in the schools. By incorporating fieldworks of teacher interviews, observation and documentary analysis, this book argues for a multi-layered conception of identity, different aims, contents and diversified methods of National Education should be recognized. This book is likely to become a useful account of teacher perception on national identity and National Education in citizenship education literature, and it will be relevant to policymakers, teachers, trainers and researchers.
1. Different meanings of national identity of teachers and aims, contents and methods of National Education
2. From Citizenship Education to National Education in a Chinese society
3. Implications for understanding National Education in a globalization era: mixed identification, multi-layered identities, knowledge transmission, and ‘global identity’
List of tables
List of abbreviations
2. Perceptions of National Identity in Hong Kong
3. From Citizenship Education to National Education in a Chinese society
4. Unpacking the concepts of nation, identity, national identity, nationalism in this globalized age
5. Hong Kong’s secondary schools: Context of implementing National Education and methodology
6. Different meanings of national identity of teachers and aims, contents and methods of National Education
7. Implications for understanding National Education: mixed identification, multi-layered identities, knowledge transmission, and ‘global identity’
Appendix I – Interview schedule
Appendix II – School’s National Education’s Programmes/Activities Observation guideline form
The purpose of this series is to provide a comprehensive coverage of schooling issues in
Asia and a platform for exploring educational futures in the region. It also aims to:
• Locate schools in the broader social, political, economic and cultural contexts that
• Investigate the ways schools cater for all groups of students, and in particular
disadvantaged groups, in the quest for equality of opportunity.
• Investigate the distinctive qualities of schools in Asia and the relationship of these
qualities to schooling outcomes.
• Highlight comparative issues in schooling across East-West divides including cultures,
digital technologies, socioeconomic well being and development trajectories of different