These articles deal with the functioning, and malfunctioning, of the Carreira da India, the round voyages made between Portugal and its possessions in India that began after Vasco da Gama had opened up the route round the Cape of Good Hope in 1497-99. On such voyages was the Portuguese colonial empire built, and these studies illustrate the conditions under which they operated - the ships, the crews, their navigation and their cargoes. For instance, details are given of the medicines carried on board and the hospital established at the way-station of MoÃ§ambique in an attempt to combat the perennial scourge of disease. The principal hazard, however, remained that of loss through shipwreck or enemy action, events all too common in the history of the Carreira, which are brought to life most vividly in the Portuguese literary classic, the HistÃ³ria TrÃ¡gico-MarÃtima; the early printed editions of such tales form the subject of two of the articles and the backdrop to much of the volume.
Contents: Preface; The Carreira da India (Ships, men, cargoes, voyages); The principal ports of call in the 'Carreira da India' (16th-18th centuries); MoÃ§ambique Island and the 'Carreira da India'; Portugeuse Roteiros, 1500-1700; An introduction to the HistÃ³ria TrÃ¡gico-MarÃtima; An introduction to the HistÃ³ria TrÃ¡gico-MarÃtima (1957): some corrections and clarifications; On a Portuguese carrack's bill of lading in 1625; Admiral JoÃ£o Pereira Corte-Real and the construction of Portuguese East-Indiamen in the early 17th century; The naval and colonial papers of Dom AntÃ³nio de AtaÃde; The sailing-orders for the Portuguese East-Indiamen of 1640 and 1646; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
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