Fuel Cells: Dynamic Modeling and Control with Power Electronics Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fuel Cells

Dynamic Modeling and Control with Power Electronics Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Bei Gou, Woonki Na, Bill Diong

CRC Press

411 pages | 159 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-08-23
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Description

This book describes advanced research results on Modeling and Control designs for Fuel Cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on Fuel Cell Modeling, Analysis, and Nonlinear control. Beginning with an introduction to Fuel Cells and Fuel Cell Power Systems, as well as the fundamentals of Fuel Cell Systems and their components, it then presents the Linear and Nonlinear modeling of Fuel Cell Dynamics. Typical approaches of Linear and Nonlinear Modeling and Control Design methods for Fuel Cells are also discussed. The authors explore the Simulink implementation of Fuel Cells, including the modeling of PEM Fuel Cells and Control Designs. They cover the applications of Fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, and stand-alone systems, which integrate Fuel Cells, Wind Power, and Solar Power. Mathematical preliminaries on Linear and Nonlinear Control are provided in an appendix.

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface

Authors

1. Introduction

1.1 The Past, Present, and Future of Fuel Cells

1.2 Typical Fuel Cell Power System Organization

1.3 Importance of Fuel Cell Dynamics

1.4 Organization of This Book References

2. Fundamentals of Fuel Cells

2.1 Introduction

2.2 PEMFC Components

2.3 BOP Components References

3. Linear and Nonlinear Models of Fuel Cell Dynamics

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Nonlinear Models of PEM Fuel Cell Dynamics for Control Applications

3.3 State-Space Dynamic Model of PEMFCs

3.4 Electrochemical Circuit Model of PEM Fuel Cells

3.5 Linear Model of PEM Fuel Cell Dynamics

3.6 Parametric Sensitivity of PEMFC Output Response

3.7 Temperature and Fuel Dependence of an Equivalent Circuit Model of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells’ Dynamic Response

4. Linear and Nonlinear Control Design for Fuel Cells

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Linear Control Design for Fuel Cells

4.3 Nonlinear Control Design for Fuel Cells

4.4 Nonlinear Control Design for Interface

4.5 Analysis of Control Design

4.6 Simulation of Nonlinear Control for PEMFC

5. Simulink Implementation of Fuel Cell Models and Controllers

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Simulink Implementation of the Fuel Cell Models

5.3 Simulink Implementation of the Fuel Cell Controllers

5.4 Simulation Results

6. Applications of Fuel Cells in Vehicles

6.1 Introduction

6.2 FCV Components

6.3 Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Fuel Cell System Design for Electric Vehicles

6.4 Control of Hybrid Fuel Cell System for Electric Vehicles

6.5 Fault Diagnosis of a Hybrid Fuel Cell System

7. Application of Fuel Cells in Utility Power Systems and Stand-Alone Systems

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Utility Power Systems and Residential Applications

7.3 Stand-Alone Application

7.4 Power Interface Design for Fuel Cell and Ultracapacitor (UC) Hybrid Systems

7.5 Conclusion

8. Control and Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Hybrid System Consisted of Wind and Fuel Cell Sources

8.3 Hybrid Renewable Energy System for Isolated Islands

8.4 Power Management of a Stand-Alone Wind–Photovoltaic–Fuel Cell Energy System

8.5 Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems in Load Flow Analysis

9. Optimization of PEMFCs

9.1 Introduction

9.2 PEMFCs Efficiency Model

9.3 PEMFCs Cost Model

9.4 Multiobjective Optimization of PEMFCs

9.5 Results and Discussion

10. Power Electronics Applications for Fuel Cells

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Linear Controllers

10.3 Sliding Mode Controller for Power Converters

10.4 Predictive Controller for FCVs

10.5 Conclusion

11. A PEM Fuel Cell Temperature Controller

11.1 Introduction

11.2 PEMFC Temperature Controller Design

11.3 Analysis of the PEMFC Thermal Transfer Function

11.4 Verification of the PEMFC Temperature Controller

11.5 Conclusion

12. Implementation of Digital Signal Processor-Based Power Electronics Control

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Overview of DSP

12.3 Texas Instruments DSPs

12.4 Interrupt and Related Operations

12.5 Analog-to-Digital Conversion

12.6 ePWM Generator

12.7 Utilizing DSP for Power Electronic Applications

12.8 Conclusion

Appendix A: Linear Control

Appendix B: Nonlinear Control

Appendix C: Induction Machine Modeling and Vector Control for Fuel Cell Vehicle Applications

Appendix D: Coordinate Transformation

Appendix E: Space Vector PWM

Index

About the Authors

Bei Gou earned his PhD in electrical engineering at Texas A&M University in 2000. He was a power application engineer with ABB System Control at Santa Clara, California from 2000 to 2002, and then he worked as a senior analyst at the Independent System Operator-New England (ISO-NE) from 2002 to 2003. Dr. Gou joined the Department of Electrical Engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington as an assistant professor from 2003 to 2008. He is the founder of a start-up company—Smart Electric Grid, LLC. He was with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering as an associate professor at North Dakota State University from 2011 to 2013. His current research areas include: power system real-time monitoring, nonlinear control of fuel cells, power electronics theory and applications, blackout and cascading failures of power systems, phasor measurements, state estimation for power systems, and power system reliability. Dr. Gou has published about 90 journal and conference papers. He has authored two books, Fuel Cells: Modeling, Control and Applications (Taylor & Francis/CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2009) and Monitoring and Optimization of Power Transmission and Distribution Systems (VDM Publishing House Ltd., Germany, 2009).

Bill Diong is an associate professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Kennesaw State University (KSU), and he is also the coordinator of its MS Applied Engineering—Electrical concentration program. He earned his PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign) in 1992 and gained valuable practical experience as a senior research engineer with Sundstrand Aerospace (now part of UTC [United Technologies Corporation] Aerospace Systems) before returning to academia. Prior to joining KSU in 2011, he had been an assistant professor at the University of Texas at El Paso where he was the Forrest and Henrietta Lewis professor of electrical engineering between 2000 and 2002. His research interests encompass advanced power and energy systems, including: electric vehicles and electronic power converters, and other dynamic systems and their control. He has authored or coauthored more than a dozen journal publications and several dozen conference publications in these areas. Funding for his work has come from various organizations that include the National Science Foundation, the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, and the U.S. Air Force. He is a senior member of the IEEE.

Woonki Na earned BS and MS degrees in electrical engineering from Kwangwoon University, Seoul, South Korea, in 1995 and 1997, respectively. He then earned his PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Texas at Arlington in May 2008. From 2008 to 2009, he worked with Caterpillar Inc., Peoria, Illinois and participated in several hybrid electric drives programs as senior engineer. He was an assistant professor with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bradley University, Peoria, Illinois from 2010 to 2013. Currently he is an assistant professor with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, California State University, Fresno since August 2013. His research and teaching interests include: power electronics, battery management, and digital signal processor (DSP)-based control designs for hybrid electric vehicles and renewable/alternative energy applications.

About the Series

Power Electronics and Applications Series

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC008000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / General
TEC031020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Electrical