Fuel Cells: Principles and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fuel Cells

Principles and Applications, 1st Edition

By B. Viswanathan, M. Aulice Scibioh

CRC Press

504 pages | 200 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420060287
pub: 2008-01-24
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Description

Efficient, clean, safe, and reliable, fuel cells qualify as an ideal delivery mechanism of clean energy. Fuel Cells: Principles and Applications provides a snapshot of recent trends and breakthroughs in this rapidly progressing field. The author clarifies the scientific concepts underlying fuel cell applications and examines the proactive efforts of several firms to produce and commercialize fuel cell systems. Offering unique insight on future directions, this comprehensive and interdisciplinary reference is ideal for scientists, engineers, and anyone interested in alternative technologies for meeting energy demands.

Table of Contents

Contents

Introduction

Fuel Cells-Relevance and Importance

Historical Highlights

What are Fuel Cells?

Fuel Cells: How do they differ from batteries?

Fuel Choice

Classification of Fuel Cells

Outlook

Electrochemistry Basis

Thermodynamic Aspects of Electrochemical Energy Conversion

Theoretical Efficiency for Conversion of Liberated Heat in a Chemical Reaction into Mechanical Energy

Efficiency of Electrochemical Energy Conversion

Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Electrochemical Energy Conversion

Electrode Kinetics of Electrochemical Energy Conversion

 

Alkaline Fuel Cells

Description of the Alkaline Fuel Cell

Working Principle

Components of an Alkaline Fuel Cell

Modules

Fuel Cell Stacks

General Performance Characteristics

Attempts Towards Advancements

System Issues

Ammonia as AFC Fuel

Summary

Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells

The Science Underlying the Technology

Electrodes: Materials and Manufacturing

Stacks and Systems

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

History of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Benefits and Limitations

Cell Components

Cathode Materials

Anode Materials

Interconnects

Fuel

Configurations and Performance

Environmental Impact of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Applications and Future of SOFCs

Perception

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

General Principle

Cell Components

Mechanisms of Electrode Reactions

Status of MCFCs

Concluding Remarks

Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Milestones in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology

The Noble Metal Issue

The Catalysis Aspect

Electro-oxidation of Methanol

The Electrolyte

Non-catalytic Aspects

State-of-the-art of Methanol Crossover in DMFC

Catalyst Optimization and Scale-up

Engineering Aspects

Conclusion

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Fundamental Scientific Aspects

Scientific Challenges

Technology Development

Fuel Processing

Modelling Studies of PEMFC Performance

Milestones in Technology Development and Applications

Approaches and Technical Challenges to High Temperature Operation

Technological and Economic Challenges, and 21st Century Perspectives

Outlook

Fuel Processing

Processing Hydrogen from Alcohols

Producing Hydrogen from Hydrocarbons

Hydrogen from Other Sources

Gas Clean-up

Hydrogen Storage

Challenges and Opportunities for Research in Fuel Processing

Conclusion

Hydrogen Storage

Hydrogen Production

Some Relevant Properties

Hydrogen as an Engine Fuel

Methods of Hydrogen Storage

Prediction of Hydrogen Uptake in Carbon Materials

Critical Analysis of the Reported Results

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
SCI065000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics